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West Africa
 

West Africa

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    West Africa West Africa Presentation Transcript

    • West Africa Landfall and The Four Climates.
      • Sahara – Northern part.
      • Sahel – Dry grassland. Little rain. Over grazing by animals. Cutting down trees. Wind blow away fertile soil. Sahara expands southward.
      • Savanna – South. Good farming. Tsetes fly.
      • Coast and forest – plentiful rain. Rain forest.
    • Niger River.
      • 2,600 miles long. Ends, Gulf of Guinea. Forms inland delta in Sahel.
      • Half of Nigeria's coastline delta.
    • West Africa’s Resources.
      • Gold.
      • Iron.
      • Diamonds.
      • Oil. (95% of Nigeria’s export.)
    • History W. Africa. Slave Trade.
      • 1400’s Portuguese trade for gold in the Gold Coast.
      • 1600’s demand for labor in Americas – slavery.
      • 1800’s European countries control W. Africa.
      • After W.W.II countries begin to fight for freedom.
    • Challenges in W Africa for new nations.
      • Borders.
      • Education to run government.
      • Dictators, civil wars, military rule.
      • High birthrate. Small amount of fertile land.
    • Sahel Countries. Mauritania
      • 100% Muslim.
      • Speak Arabic.
      • Expanding Sahara has forced many into cities.
      • People very poor.
    • Sahel Countries. Mali and Niger
      • Landlocked.
      • 80% fish or farm along the river.
      • Cotton main export.
      • Malaria – kills children.
      • Niger – 3% of land can be farmed.
      • Expanding Sahara.
    • Sahel Countries. Chad and Burkina Faso
      • World’s poorest.
      • Lake Chad shrinking. Now 1/3 size.
      • Civil War.
      • Burkina Faso – Has nothing.
    • The Coastal Countries.
      • Nigeria – largest. 113 million. (Africa’s largest.)
      • Oil off coast. 95% export.
      • High birth rate.
      • Bad government.
    • Senegal and Gambia.
      • Senegal – (French.)
      • Gambia – (British.)
      • Odd boarder.
      • Dakar – capital.
      • Important seaport and manufacturing center.
      • Important crop. Peanuts
    • Liberia.
      • Monrovia. (President Monroe.
      • Freed American slaves sent there. Clash with Africans living there.
      • 1980’s civil war. Economy still wrecked.
      • Rubber and iron.
      • Sierra Leone – Civil war.
      • Sierra Leone exports Diamonds.