West Africa Landfall and The Four Climates. <ul><li>Sahara   – Northern part. </li></ul><ul><li>Sahel   – Dry grassland.  ...
Niger River. <ul><li>2,600 miles long.  Ends, Gulf of Guinea.  Forms inland delta in Sahel. </li></ul><ul><li>Half of Nige...
West Africa’s Resources. <ul><li>Gold.  </li></ul><ul><li>Iron.  </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds.  </li></ul><ul><li>Oil.  (95%...
History W. Africa. Slave Trade. <ul><li>1400’s Portuguese trade for gold in the Gold Coast.  </li></ul><ul><li>1600’s dema...
Challenges in W Africa for new nations. <ul><li>Borders.  </li></ul><ul><li>Education to run government. </li></ul><ul><li...
Sahel Countries. Mauritania <ul><li>100% Muslim.  </li></ul><ul><li>Speak Arabic. </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding Sahara has f...
Sahel Countries. Mali and Niger <ul><li>Landlocked.  </li></ul><ul><li>80% fish or farm along the river.  </li></ul><ul><l...
Sahel Countries. Chad and Burkina Faso <ul><li>World’s poorest.  </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Chad shrinking.  Now 1/3 size.  </...
The Coastal Countries. <ul><li>Nigeria – largest.  113 million.  (Africa’s largest.)  </li></ul><ul><li>Oil off coast.  95...
Senegal and Gambia.  <ul><li>Senegal – (French.) </li></ul><ul><li>Gambia – (British.)  </li></ul><ul><li>Odd boarder.  </...
Liberia. <ul><li>Monrovia. (President Monroe.  </li></ul><ul><li>Freed American slaves sent there.  Clash with Africans li...
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West Africa

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West Africa

  1. 1. West Africa Landfall and The Four Climates. <ul><li>Sahara – Northern part. </li></ul><ul><li>Sahel – Dry grassland. Little rain. Over grazing by animals. Cutting down trees. Wind blow away fertile soil. Sahara expands southward. </li></ul><ul><li>Savanna – South. Good farming. Tsetes fly. </li></ul><ul><li>Coast and forest – plentiful rain. Rain forest. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Niger River. <ul><li>2,600 miles long. Ends, Gulf of Guinea. Forms inland delta in Sahel. </li></ul><ul><li>Half of Nigeria's coastline delta. </li></ul>
  3. 3. West Africa’s Resources. <ul><li>Gold. </li></ul><ul><li>Iron. </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil. (95% of Nigeria’s export.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. History W. Africa. Slave Trade. <ul><li>1400’s Portuguese trade for gold in the Gold Coast. </li></ul><ul><li>1600’s demand for labor in Americas – slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>1800’s European countries control W. Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>After W.W.II countries begin to fight for freedom. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Challenges in W Africa for new nations. <ul><li>Borders. </li></ul><ul><li>Education to run government. </li></ul><ul><li>Dictators, civil wars, military rule. </li></ul><ul><li>High birthrate. Small amount of fertile land. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sahel Countries. Mauritania <ul><li>100% Muslim. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak Arabic. </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding Sahara has forced many into cities. </li></ul><ul><li>People very poor. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sahel Countries. Mali and Niger <ul><li>Landlocked. </li></ul><ul><li>80% fish or farm along the river. </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton main export. </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria – kills children. </li></ul><ul><li>Niger – 3% of land can be farmed. </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding Sahara. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sahel Countries. Chad and Burkina Faso <ul><li>World’s poorest. </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Chad shrinking. Now 1/3 size. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Burkina Faso – Has nothing. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Coastal Countries. <ul><li>Nigeria – largest. 113 million. (Africa’s largest.) </li></ul><ul><li>Oil off coast. 95% export. </li></ul><ul><li>High birth rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Bad government. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Senegal and Gambia. <ul><li>Senegal – (French.) </li></ul><ul><li>Gambia – (British.) </li></ul><ul><li>Odd boarder. </li></ul><ul><li>Dakar – capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Important seaport and manufacturing center. </li></ul><ul><li>Important crop. Peanuts </li></ul>
  11. 11. Liberia. <ul><li>Monrovia. (President Monroe. </li></ul><ul><li>Freed American slaves sent there. Clash with Africans living there. </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s civil war. Economy still wrecked. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber and iron. </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone – Civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone exports Diamonds. </li></ul>

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