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South Asia

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  • 1. South Asia
    • Sub – continent
    • Two large nations- Pakistan and India.
    • Four smaller – Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka.
  • 2. Physical Setting.
    • World highest mtns. Himalayas. 1,500 mls long.
    • Summer monsoons/mtns barriers.
    • Three major river systems.
    • Brahmaputra.
    • Ganges.
    • Indus.
  • 3. South Asia - Physical Features
    • Ganges Plain – Pakistan to Bangladesh. Very rich soil.
    • Deccan Plateau. Occupies most of the peninsula. Most people live along the coastal edges where the rainfall is heavy.
  • 4. Early Civilization.
    • The Indus Valley.
    • 3,000B.C. Mohenjo Daro and Harappa.
    • Various waves of conquerors came through the Khyber Pass.
  • 5. Development Of Hinduism
    • 3,0000 B.C.
    • Brahma – The Creator.
    • Vishnu – The Preserver.
    • Shiva – The Destroyer.
    • Reincarnation.
    • Karma – A persons actions, determine reincarnation.
    • Dharma – Duties one owes to family and caste.
    • Caste – rigid social grouping dictating ones rank and position and occupation.
    • 90% of Indians are Hindus
  • 6. Hindu Religion and Caste
    • Created a stable and society for centuries.
    • Caste was one’s lot in their reincarnation.
    • Brahmin – Priests.
    • Warriors.
    • Merchants and farmers.
    • Laborers.
    • The Untouchables – prohibited contact with others and given most distasteful tasks.
  • 7. Sikhism
    • Sikhism in the 15 th century combined elements of Hindu and Islamic beliefs.
    • Monotheism/equality of all men.
    • Became a military brotherhood.
    • Seek independence for Punjab province. North west India.
  • 8. Religions
  • 9. People
    • Population – 919 million. World’s second largest.
    • 14 Languages. 1,000 dialects.
    • Hindi official language. (English)
    • 74% live in rural villages.
  • 10. Country at a Glance. Asain Population
  • 11. Mohandus Gandhi. (1869 -1948)
    • Stressed moral and spiritual strengths of India over materialism of West.
    • Advocated passive non-violence resistance to British rule.
    • Equal right for all people.
    • United Indian nation first. Religion second.
  • 12. British Colonial Rule
    • By 18 th century British began to rule India.
    • 1858 Sepoy Rebellion. India part of British Empire.
    • “ Divide and conquer.”
    • Used Hindu (Karma) (Dharma) loyalty.
    • 20 th century. India wants independence.
  • 13. Effects of WWII.
    • End of Western Imperialism.
    • Gandhi main campaign.
    • 1947 Independence to Hindu India. And Eastern and Western sections of Muslim Pakistan.
    • 1947 Burma (Myanmar) granted independence. British controlled to block French expansion.
  • 14. Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    • Two sections of Pakistan separated by 1,000 miles of Indian territory.
    • Different geography, economies, interpretation of Islamic Law.
    • East Pakistan refuses to pay taxes to central government.
    • West Pakistan sent in troops - civil war.
    • India entered war to support Bangladesh.
    • 1972. Bangladesh granted independence.

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