Vietnam War Negotiations
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Vietnam War Negotiations

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    Vietnam War Negotiations Vietnam War Negotiations Presentation Transcript

    • Isile LUTMANN - RACHEL DE LAVERGNE
      MELISSA TRIBOUILLARD - VINCENT DEBRABANT
    • The global context
      1945: End of the World War II
      Domino’spolitic (Expansion of communism)
      Cold War & extreme Bipolarisation between the USA and Soviet Union
      The Domino Theory was that if North Vietnam wins the war then Laos Cambodia and the rest of Asia will turn communist. America and south Vietnam did not wan to be communist and let it spread throughout Asia.
    • Context in Vietnam
      France lostIndochinaafter the waragainst Vietminh (Vietnamesearmyfounded in 1941 by Ho Chi Minh)
      July 1954: Geneva Peace Accord
      • Division of Vietnam in 2 parts (17th parallel)
      • ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam)
      • NVA (NorthVietnameseArmy)
      • Gulf of Tonkin incident = Involvement of USA in the conflict + Trade Embargo againstNorth Vietnam
    • OBJECTIVES
      USA
      • Assault/Attack and take control of major cities
      • Support South Vietnam
      • Establish bases/camps on the keysectors and at the Cambodian/Vietnamese border
      North Vietnam
      • Lure americantroops in hostile areas, ie.Jungle
      • Impose communist model by force
    • TACTICS
      US declareswar on North (LBJ)
      Vietnam attackedourships
      US fights NLF/Vietcong in South Vietnam
      US. fights Ho Chi Minh / CommunistNorth Vietnam
      US Troops use Agent Orange  Herbicide
      US meetsstrong opposition frombothsides.
      President Johnsonsigning the declaration of war
      General Westmoreland
    • Battle of « La Drang » Nov. 1965
      Surprise attackfrom the Cambodian border by US forces: 400 US 7th Cavalerytroopsagaints 4000 NVA + vietcongssoldiers
      • B-212 transport helicoptergunships
      • Napalm jets
      • Artillery Support
      Lt. Col Hal Moore
      Commander of the 7th Air CavaleryBattalion
    • Targetsaccording to General Vo Nguyen
      Minimum:
      Tetoutbreakwouldhalt the northvietnambombardment and force us to negociate.
      • Maximum:
      • Drive the US forces out of the country=open the path for unification of the country
      As a results:
      -Tet offensive shookUS moral
      -Huge negative impact on public opinion
      General Vo Nguyen
    • Têt Offensive - 1968
      In 1968 turning point: need to undermine US effort and willwith a « coup de grace ».
      Slystrategy, attack on christmaseve: unexpected
      Attack on 2 fronts: Us marine firebasesatKheSahn and major cities of South Vietnam= Dilema for the US
    • Prisoner’sdilemna
    • Agreement
      Paris peace accords on January 23th, 27th, 1973 : 7 main points
      – 3 signatures –
      •  Withdrawal of troops
      • Return of captured military personnel and foreign civilians
      • Exercise of the south Vietnamesepeople’s right to self determination
      • Reunification of Vietnam
      • International commission of control and supervision
      • End of all military activities in Cambodia and Laos
      • Establishment of a new equal and mutually beneficial relationship between the United-States and the democratic republic of Vietnam.
    • VALIDATION
      March 1973: US military forces withdrew from South Vietnam and prisoners were echanged
      April 29th, 1975 : Fall of Saigon and Evacuation by helicopter of the last U.S. diplomatic, military and civilian personnel
    • EXECUTION
      • Expansion of Communism = overthrowsaigonregime
      • Civil war
      • Extermination of opponents to communism
    • CONTROL OF THE EXECUTION
      - July 2nd, 1976: SocialistRepublic of Vietnam wascreated.
      - Sept 27th 1977: Vietnam has becomemember of the U.N
    • SOURCES
      www.vwam.com/vets/tet/tet.html
      http://www.juniorgeneral.org/vietnam/vietnam.html
      http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1243686.stm
      «  Weweresoldiers » by Randall Wallace (2002)
      Rachel De lavergne
      Narator 1
      IsileLutmann
      Narator 2
      Mélissa Tribouillard
      General Westmoreland
      Vincent Debrabant
      General Vo Nguyen
      THANK YOU FOR WATCHING