On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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The global context 1945: End of the World War II Domino’spolitic (Expansion of communism) Cold War & extreme Bipolarisation between the USA and Soviet Union The Domino Theory was that if North Vietnam wins the war then Laos Cambodia and the rest of Asia will turn communist. America and south Vietnam did not wan to be communist and let it spread throughout Asia.
Context in Vietnam France lostIndochinaafter the waragainst Vietminh (Vietnamesearmyfounded in 1941 by Ho Chi Minh) July 1954: Geneva Peace Accord
Division of Vietnam in 2 parts (17th parallel)
ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam)
Gulf of Tonkin incident = Involvement of USA in the conflict + Trade Embargo againstNorth Vietnam
Assault/Attack and take control of major cities
Support South Vietnam
Establish bases/camps on the keysectors and at the Cambodian/Vietnamese border
Lure americantroops in hostile areas, ie.Jungle
Impose communist model by force
TACTICS US declareswar on North (LBJ) Vietnam attackedourships US fights NLF/Vietcong in South Vietnam US. fights Ho Chi Minh / CommunistNorth Vietnam US Troops use Agent Orange Herbicide US meetsstrong opposition frombothsides. President Johnsonsigning the declaration of war General Westmoreland
Battle of « La Drang » Nov. 1965 Surprise attackfrom the Cambodian border by US forces: 400 US 7th Cavalerytroopsagaints 4000 NVA + vietcongssoldiers
B-212 transport helicoptergunships
Lt. Col Hal Moore Commander of the 7th Air CavaleryBattalion
Targetsaccording to General Vo Nguyen Minimum: Tetoutbreakwouldhalt the northvietnambombardment and force us to negociate.
Drive the US forces out of the country=open the path for unification of the country
As a results: -Tet offensive shookUS moral -Huge negative impact on public opinion General Vo Nguyen
Têt Offensive - 1968 In 1968 turning point: need to undermine US effort and willwith a « coup de grace ». Slystrategy, attack on christmaseve: unexpected Attack on 2 fronts: Us marine firebasesatKheSahn and major cities of South Vietnam= Dilema for the US
Agreement Paris peace accords on January 23th, 27th, 1973 : 7 main points – 3 signatures –
Withdrawal of troops
Return of captured military personnel and foreign civilians
Exercise of the south Vietnamesepeople’s right to self determination
Reunification of Vietnam
International commission of control and supervision
End of all military activities in Cambodia and Laos
Establishment of a new equal and mutually beneficial relationship between the United-States and the democratic republic of Vietnam.
VALIDATION March 1973: US military forces withdrew from South Vietnam and prisoners were echanged April 29th, 1975 : Fall of Saigon and Evacuation by helicopter of the last U.S. diplomatic, military and civilian personnel
Expansion of Communism = overthrowsaigonregime
Extermination of opponents to communism
CONTROL OF THE EXECUTION - July 2nd, 1976: SocialistRepublic of Vietnam wascreated. - Sept 27th 1977: Vietnam has becomemember of the U.N
SOURCES www.vwam.com/vets/tet/tet.html http://www.juniorgeneral.org/vietnam/vietnam.html http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1243686.stm « Weweresoldiers » by Randall Wallace (2002) Rachel De lavergne Narator 1 IsileLutmann Narator 2 Mélissa Tribouillard General Westmoreland Vincent Debrabant General Vo Nguyen THANK YOU FOR WATCHING