Vietnam War Negotiations
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Vietnam War Negotiations

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Vietnam War Negotiations Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Isile LUTMANN - RACHEL DE LAVERGNE
    MELISSA TRIBOUILLARD - VINCENT DEBRABANT
  • 2.
  • 3. The global context
    1945: End of the World War II
    Domino’spolitic (Expansion of communism)
    Cold War & extreme Bipolarisation between the USA and Soviet Union
    The Domino Theory was that if North Vietnam wins the war then Laos Cambodia and the rest of Asia will turn communist. America and south Vietnam did not wan to be communist and let it spread throughout Asia.
  • 4. Context in Vietnam
    France lostIndochinaafter the waragainst Vietminh (Vietnamesearmyfounded in 1941 by Ho Chi Minh)
    July 1954: Geneva Peace Accord
    • Division of Vietnam in 2 parts (17th parallel)
    • 5. ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam)
    • 6. NVA (NorthVietnameseArmy)
    • 7. Gulf of Tonkin incident = Involvement of USA in the conflict + Trade Embargo againstNorth Vietnam
  • 8.
  • 9. OBJECTIVES
    USA
    • Assault/Attack and take control of major cities
    • 10. Support South Vietnam
    • 11. Establish bases/camps on the keysectors and at the Cambodian/Vietnamese border
    North Vietnam
    • Lure americantroops in hostile areas, ie.Jungle
    • 12. Impose communist model by force
  • 13. TACTICS
    US declareswar on North (LBJ)
    Vietnam attackedourships
    US fights NLF/Vietcong in South Vietnam
    US. fights Ho Chi Minh / CommunistNorth Vietnam
    US Troops use Agent Orange  Herbicide
    US meetsstrong opposition frombothsides.
    President Johnsonsigning the declaration of war
    General Westmoreland
  • 14. Battle of « La Drang » Nov. 1965
    Surprise attackfrom the Cambodian border by US forces: 400 US 7th Cavalerytroopsagaints 4000 NVA + vietcongssoldiers
    • B-212 transport helicoptergunships
    • 15. Napalm jets
    • 16. Artillery Support
    Lt. Col Hal Moore
    Commander of the 7th Air CavaleryBattalion
  • 17. Targetsaccording to General Vo Nguyen
    Minimum:
    Tetoutbreakwouldhalt the northvietnambombardment and force us to negociate.
    • Maximum:
    • 18. Drive the US forces out of the country=open the path for unification of the country
    As a results:
    -Tet offensive shookUS moral
    -Huge negative impact on public opinion
    General Vo Nguyen
  • 19. Têt Offensive - 1968
    In 1968 turning point: need to undermine US effort and willwith a « coup de grace ».
    Slystrategy, attack on christmaseve: unexpected
    Attack on 2 fronts: Us marine firebasesatKheSahn and major cities of South Vietnam= Dilema for the US
  • 20.
  • 21. Prisoner’sdilemna
  • 22.
  • 23. Agreement
    Paris peace accords on January 23th, 27th, 1973 : 7 main points
    – 3 signatures –
    •  Withdrawal of troops
    • 24. Return of captured military personnel and foreign civilians
    • 25. Exercise of the south Vietnamesepeople’s right to self determination
    • 26. Reunification of Vietnam
    • 27. International commission of control and supervision
    • 28. End of all military activities in Cambodia and Laos
    • 29. Establishment of a new equal and mutually beneficial relationship between the United-States and the democratic republic of Vietnam.
  • VALIDATION
    March 1973: US military forces withdrew from South Vietnam and prisoners were echanged
    April 29th, 1975 : Fall of Saigon and Evacuation by helicopter of the last U.S. diplomatic, military and civilian personnel
  • 30. EXECUTION
    • Expansion of Communism = overthrowsaigonregime
    • 31. Civil war
    • 32. Extermination of opponents to communism
  • CONTROL OF THE EXECUTION
    - July 2nd, 1976: SocialistRepublic of Vietnam wascreated.
    - Sept 27th 1977: Vietnam has becomemember of the U.N
  • 33. SOURCES
    www.vwam.com/vets/tet/tet.html
    http://www.juniorgeneral.org/vietnam/vietnam.html
    http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1243686.stm
    «  Weweresoldiers » by Randall Wallace (2002)
    Rachel De lavergne
    Narator 1
    IsileLutmann
    Narator 2
    Mélissa Tribouillard
    General Westmoreland
    Vincent Debrabant
    General Vo Nguyen
    THANK YOU FOR WATCHING