Sociallife In Turkey

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Sociallife In Turkey

  1. 1. TURKEY SOCIAL LIFE
  2. 2. TURKEY – Social Life CITY LIFE COUNTRY LIFE
  3. 3. SOCIAL LIFE - Defined by;  CLIMATE + GEOGRAPHY  TRADITIONS  SURROUNDINGS  RELIGION
  4. 4. CLIMATE + GEOGRAPHY EFFECTS INLAND SHORE
  5. 5. CLIMATE + GEOGRAPHY EFFECTS Temperate climate + Seaside People spending more time outside the house Socialize more Relationship more free between genders Education level is high (university) Small families Independent family members Meetings in restaurants, cafes, cinemas...
  6. 6. CLIMATE + GEOGRAPHY EFFECTS Severe climate + Mountanious district Time spends mostly inside the house Close family tides and close relationships with neighbours Limited relationships between men and women Because of hard living conditions, education level is low (primary school) Numerous families More responsabilities towards the family Meetings in houses
  7. 7. CLIMATE + GEOGRAPHY EFFECTS Typical Turkish House – Safranbolu Modern villa - Bodrum
  8. 8. TRADITIONS Anatolian folkloric dances Ballet
  9. 9. TRADITIONS  Respect is still the most important component in the family, but in cities families give more freedom to their children  In modern families children leave the house for university or when they start to work . In traditional families, generations live together  Marriages are decided by individuals, but in traditional parts approval of the family is still needed  While marrying age is increased lately in the cities, in most parts of Anatolia it‟s around 20‟s  Men and women both work  „‟Hospitality‟‟ is one of the most important component in Turkish culture..
  10. 10. TRADITIONS Traditional Grand bazaar - Istanbul Modern Shopping center - Istanbul  In the cities shopping places are supermarkets or big malls. In smaller towns there are local bazaars where you can find all natural ingredients
  11. 11. SURROUNDINGS Dalyan Harran
  12. 12. SURROUNDINGS  Turkey hosted different people, from different cultures throughout the history ( Muslims, Christians, Levantines, Armenians, Greeks)  Seaside regions have seaports that are important passages between the east and west so the community is more open to new ideas and eager to follow recent trends in social life. While inland people are more conservative.In cities people mostly live in apartments. But at the countryside people live in garden houses.  Migration from the villages to the cities is a problem, so the government has to deal with the slum areas that‟s building up around the cities.
  13. 13. SURROUNDINGS Modern living - Bodrum Traditional living - Van
  14. 14. SURROUNDINGS Street in Sirince Street in Istanbul
  15. 15. RELIGION
  16. 16. RELIGION  In Anatolia many people from many different religions have lived together peacefully for many centuries. There is always tolerence towards every kind of belief. Everyone practices religion as they wish  A major part of the country is muslim, but every individual has his/her own way of interpreting religion.  Freewill (individual conscience) is developed  Religion is seen as a guidance, not a commander  Religious holidays are important traditions where all family members get together  Relationships between genders are not as strict as it was, but in traditional parts they are still under the control of the elders. In the cities couples may live together without getting married.  Outfits vary from place to place; in traditional villages traditional clothing is seen, while in the cities fashion is a must
  17. 17. RELIGION  Aya Sofia – once a Byzantine church, conserved and became a mosque now…
  18. 18. SOCIAL LIFE BETWEEN AGES 18-40 IN BIG CITIES
  19. 19. ATATURK REFORMS “The major challenge facing us is to elevate our national life to the highest level of civilization and prosperity” Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
  20. 20. ATATURK REFORMS  Proclamation of the republic (1923)  Recognition of equal rights to men and women (1926 – 1934)  Reform of headgear and dress (1925)  Adaptation of new Turkish alphabet (1928)  Law on family names (1934)  Abolishment of titles and by-names (1934)  Adoption of international calender, hours and measurements (1925 – 1931)
  21. 21. ATATURK REFORMS Atatürk, 1928; introducing the new Turkish Alphabet of the new Turkish Republic
  22. 22. SOCIAL LIFE BETWEEN AGES 18-40 IN BIG CITIES  Youth – Family  Youth – Community
  23. 23. Youth – Family  Families are small, mostly 2 children  Respect is an important element, but relationships are more liberal  Children seperate from the family when they finish university and start working or when they are married  Relations continue, get-togethers are mostly weekly  Exchanging greetings on the occasions of the religious holidays is a strong tradition. Normally families get together and have a meal together. It‟s also a custom to make visits to the cemetaries  On national holidays there are ceremonies on the streets and in stadiums  “Don‟t buy a house, buy a neighbour” is still a valid saying
  24. 24. Youth – Community  Relationships between men and women are free  Mostly young people choose their own partners and get married after spending a certain period of time being friends  Divorce is not a taboo anymore  Legal age for drinking alcohol: 18  Legal age for driving: 18  %45.85 of the youngsters contribute to labor force in Turkey
  25. 25. Youth – Community Football and basketball are important sports that attract most part of the male population.
  26. 26. Youth – Community  Meeting points are mostly restaurants, cafes, discos and house parties.
  27. 27. Youth – Community Eating is a pleasure and we love gathering around a table with family and friends. Even though Turkish Food is varied and delicious, different kinds of cuisines are also avaliable and popular
  28. 28. Youth – Community  Cinema, theater, opera end ballets are common time sharings
  29. 29. Youth– Community University festivals have become traditions
  30. 30. Youth – Community  Internet also has become a new way of access to socialization  Popular sports: yoga, fitness, bowling, tennis, hiking, rafting, diving, skiing  Popular arts: photography, dancing and painting  Graduations, anniversaries, engagements, weddings and birthdays are always celebrated  Nowadays with their education and language knowledge young people travel and have connections all around the world  Every men that computes his 18 years of age is obligated to effect his military service which is from 6 – 18 months of time
  31. 31. TURKEY – The Cradle of Civilizations
  32. 32. Turkish Handicrafts Musical instrument making Carpet making Ceramics and pottery Rug making Handicrafts Copper work Cloth weaving Wood work Writing Tile making Leather Embroidery
  33. 33. Regions – 7 regions of Turkey Whether you are an art and history buff, an archeology nut or a nature lover, enjoy browsing through markets or going diving, the different regions of Turkey offer endless possibilities all year round!!!
  34. 34. Mediterranean Beginning from the south of splendid Toros Mountains lies the Mediterranean coast with beautiful sceneries, sandy beaches, secluded coves, tranquil ruin places and attractive Holiday facilities…
  35. 35. Agean As to Heredot‟s statement “embracing the most beautiful sky and mildest climate of the world” gulfs and peninsulas, coves and golden beaches line up one after the other among the Agean Coast…
  36. 36. The Black Sea Region Fields of tea, hazelnut, tobacco and corn, highway parallel to narrow coastline, caves, villages, beaches, mountains covered with green forests, valley and plains…
  37. 37. Central Anatolian Region Having been witness to the transitions of important civilizations, today the region is the political center of Turkey…
  38. 38. Marmara Fields of sunflowers and vineyards as far as the eye can see, Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, masterpieces of Mimar Sinan… This province boasts to have the most authentic works of Ottoman architecture.
  39. 39. East and Southeast Anatolia High mountain ranges, valleys, plains, lakes and streams, adorned with the unique architectural samples of Turkish culture…

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