Lymphatic And Immune system terms

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Chapter 6
by Carmelita Chavez

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Lymphatic And Immune system terms

  1. 1. Lymphatic and ImmuneSystem<br />Chapter 6<br />Medical Terminology<br />By: Carmelita Chavez<br />
  2. 2. What Is a lymphatic system?<br />Is a system that contains lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland, and tonsils.<br />These organs collect excess fluid to maintain fluid balance.<br />A function of this system is to defend the body against disease by producing lymphocytes.<br />This system also transports lipids or fats from intestine to blood.<br />
  3. 3. Diseases of the Lymphatic System<br />Some of the diseases of the lymphatic system are elephantiasis, Hodgkin’s disease, lymphadenitis, mononucleosis, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. <br />Most of the diseases are due to inflammations and obstructions of the lymph vessels or nodes.<br />The two diseases that I’m going to describe in detail are elephantiasis and mononucleosis. <br />
  4. 4. Elephantiasis<br />
  5. 5. Elephantiasis<br />Is the inflammation, obstruction, and destruction of the lymph vessels resulting in enlarged tissues due to edema.<br />Is a disease that is characterize by the inflammation of legs, male genitals (becomes painful and hot), and female breast.<br />Symptoms include; fever, chills, feeling of being ill, and malaise.<br />
  6. 6. Causes of Elephantiasis<br />Causes of elephantiasis can be due to the result of obstruction of the lymph flow due to a bacterial infection .<br />If intervention is not done on time can cause an enlargement of the area causing the death of the tissue that could lead to gangrene.<br />This disease is mostly found in Africa.<br />
  7. 7. Mononucleosis<br />
  8. 8. Mononucleosis<br />Mononucleosis is an Acute infectious disease with a large number of abnormal lymphocytes. <br />Is an infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus.<br />Symptoms include; fever, sore throat, fatigue, weakness, swollen glands in neck, loss of appetite, and night sweat. Symptoms develop 4 weeks later after a person is infected with the virus. <br />
  9. 9. Mononucleosis<br />Mononucleosis can be spread as any common virus or cold, but is mostly spread by saliva.<br />Is mostly spread by kissing, coughing, or sneezing.<br />Due to is a virus there is no cure or medication the virus will die on its own and it would take 4 to 6 weeks for that to happen.<br />
  10. 10. Immune system<br />The immune system is the body defense against infectious organisms,<br />The immune system is made of cells, tissue, and organs.<br />The immune system helps the body to develop immunity to viruses, fungi, protozoans, toxins, and cancerous tumor.<br />
  11. 11. Diseases of the Immune System<br />Some diseases of the immune system are AIDS, Aids-related complex, graft vs. host disease, Kaposi&apos;s sarcoma, pneumocystiscarinii, pneumonia, sarcoidosis, severe combine immunodeficiency syndrome.<br /> The disease I’m going to describe in detail is severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome.<br />
  12. 12. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome<br />
  13. 13. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome<br />Is a disease seen in children born with a nonfunctioning immune system. Often these children are forced to live in sealed sterile rooms.<br />This disease is also known by “bubble boy” <br />Is a congenital disorder were someone is born with little or no immune system.<br />People that are born with this disorder have a higher risk of having pneumonia, meningitis, and chicken pox.<br />Treatment for this disease is bone marrow transplant.<br />
  14. 14. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome<br />For more information of the new treatment for this disease go to this website it would describe in detail the process of bone marrow transplant.<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/728512.stm<br />
  15. 15. Bibliography <br />http://www.lymphomation.org/lymphatic.html<br />http://www.familydoctor.org<br />http://www.wikipedia.com<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk<br />

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