Modernism

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Modernism

  1. 1. Modernism Presented by Lect.Jaikumar ranganathan Dept of Architecture,HCE Chennai,India Courtesy to www.Greatbuildings.com
  2. 2. Modernism De Stijl proposed ultimate simplicity and abstraction, both in architecture and painting, by using only straight (horizontal and vertical) lines and rectangular forms. The colour palette was reduced to the primary colours red , yellow and blue . Black , white and grey were used as well. The works avoided symmetry and attained aesthetic balance by the use of opposition. De Stijl De Stijl was a Dutch artistic movement, founded in 1917. the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work created by a group of Dutch artists, from 1917 to 1931. De Stijl is also the name of a journal which was published by the painter, architect and critic Theo van Doesburg, propagating the group's theories. Other important participants were Gerrit Rietveld and Piet Mondrian.
  3. 3. Modernism Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917 De Stijl
  4. 4. Modernism De Stijl Gerrit Rietveld's Schroeder House
  5. 5. Modernism Le Corbusier FACT FILE Ville Radieuse Ville Contemporaine Cartesian skyscraper Significant Projects Villa Savoye Unité d'Habitation Notre Dame du Haut Various buildings at Chandigarh Significant Buildings Working Life Roquebrune -Cap-Martin , France Place of death August 27, 1965 Date of death La Chaux-de-Fonds , Switzerland Birth place October 6, 1887 Birth date Swiss, French Nationality Charles-Edouard Jeanneret Name Personal Information
  6. 6. Modernism Le Corbusier Charles-Edouard Jeanneret , widely known as Le Corbusier ( October 6 , 1887 – August 27 , 1965 ), was a French Swiss born architect , famous for his contributions to what is now called modernism , or the International Style . He was a pioneer in theoretical studies of modern design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. His career spanned five decades, with iconic buildings constructed across central Europe, India, Russia, and one structure each in North and South America. He was also an urban planner, painter, sculptor, writer and modern furniture designer .
  7. 7. Modernism Five points of architecture Le Corbusier <ul><li>The pilotis , or ground-level supporting columns , elevate the building from the damp earth and allow the garden to flow beneath. </li></ul><ul><li>A flat roof terrace reclaims the area of the building site for domestic purposes, including a garden area. </li></ul><ul><li>The free plan , made possible by the elimination of load-bearing walls , consists of partitions placed where they are needed without regard for those on adjoining levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal windows provide even illumination and ventilation. </li></ul><ul><li>The freely-designed facade , unconstrained by load-bearing considerations, consists of a thin skin of wall and windows. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Modernism Villa Savoye Le Corbusier An early and classic exemplar of the &quot;International Style&quot;, which hovers above a grass plane on thin concrete pilotti, with strip windows, and a flat roof with a deck area, ramp, and a few contained touches of curvaceous walls. Notes Modern Style rural or suburban Context temperate Climate concrete and plastered unit masonry   Construction System house Building Type 1928 to 1929   timeline Date Poissy, France Location    Le Corbusier Architect
  9. 9. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye G.F.PLAN
  10. 10. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye FIRST FLOOR PLAN
  11. 11. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye SECOND FLOOR PLAN
  12. 12. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye VIEW
  13. 13. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye VIEW
  14. 14. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye The Villa Savoye is a wonderful demonstration of Le Corbusier's 'five points of a new architecture', which he developed in 1927, exploiting the new opportunities of reinforced concrete
  15. 15. Modernism Villa Savoye Le Corbusier The pilotis (supporting columns): 'The house on pilotis ! The house is firmly driven into the ground - a dark and often damp site. The reinforced concrete gives us the pilotis . The house is up in the air, far from the ground: the garden runs under the house...'
  16. 16. Modernism Villa Savoye Le Corbusier The roof gardens: '...the garden is also over the house, on the roof... Reinforced concrete is the new way to create a unified roof structure. Reinforced concrete expands considerably. The expansion makes the work crack at times of sudden shrinkage. Instead of trying to evacuate the rainwater quickly, endeavor on the contrary to maintain a constant humidity on the concrete of the terrace and hence an even temperature on the reinforced concrete. One particular protective measure: sand covered with thick concrete slabs, with widely spaced joints; these joints are sown with grass.'
  17. 17. Modernism Villa Savoye Le Corbusier Free plan: 'Until now: load-bearing walls; from the ground they are superimposed, forming the ground floor and the upper stories, up to the eaves. The layout is a slave to the supporting walls. Reinforced concrete in the house provides a free plan! The floors are no longer superimposed by partition walls. They are free.'
  18. 18. Modernism Villa Savoye Le Corbusier The horizontal window: 'The window is one of the essential features of the house. Progress brings liberation. Reinforced concrete provides a revolution in the history of the window. Windows can run from one end of the facade to the other.'
  19. 19. Modernism   The free facade: 'The columns set back from the facades, inside the house. The floor continues cantilevered. The facades are no longer anything but light skins of insulating walls or windows. The facade is free.' Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  20. 20. Modernism Villa Savoye Le Corbusier
  21. 21. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  22. 22. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  23. 23. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  24. 24. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  25. 25. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  26. 26. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  27. 27. Modernism Le Corbusier Villa Savoye
  28. 28. Le Corbusier Modernism Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp FACT FILE Soft-form composition, deep windows with colored glass (wall thickness 4' to 12') Notes Expressionist Modern Style rural, mountains Context temperate Climate reinforced concrete   Construction System church Building Type 1955   timeline Date Ronchamp, France Location Le Corbusier Architect
  29. 29. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  30. 30. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  31. 31. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  32. 32. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  33. 33. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  34. 34. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  35. 35. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  36. 36. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  37. 37. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  38. 38. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  39. 39. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  40. 40. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  41. 41. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  42. 42. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  43. 43. Modernism Le Corbusier Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp
  44. 44. Modernism Le Corbusier Furniture Design
  45. 45. Modernism Le Corbusier
  46. 46. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe <ul><li>Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe was born in Aachen, Germany in 1886. He worked in the family stone-carving business before he joined the office of Bruno Paul in Berlin. He entered the studio of Peter Behrens in 1908 and remained until 1912. </li></ul><ul><li>Mies Famous for his dictum 'Less is More', Mies attempted to create contemplative, neutral spaces through an architecture based on material honesty and structural integrity. Over the last twenty years of his life, Mies achieved his vision of a monumental 'skin and bone' architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Mies died in Chicago, Illinois in 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>Works </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona Pavilion , at Barcelona, Spain, built 1928-1929, demolished 1930. </li></ul><ul><li>Crown Hall , at Chicago, Illinois, 1950 to 1956.   </li></ul><ul><li>Farnsworth House , at Plano, Illinois, 1946 to 1950.   </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Shore Drive Apts , at Chicago, Illinois, 1948 to 1951. New National Gallery , at Berlin, Germany, 1962 to 1968.   </li></ul>Biography
  47. 47. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Pavilion Modernism An Icon of the Modern movement. free plan exemplar. Rebuilt in 1959 to the original design. Notes Modern Style urban exposition site Context mediterranea Climate steel frame with glass and polished stone   Construction System exhibition building Building Type built 1928-1929, demolished 1930   Date Barcelona, Spain Location Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Architect
  48. 48. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Pavilion
  49. 49. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Pavilion Modernism
  50. 50. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Pavilion German pavilion, Barcelona, 1929 Mies van der rohe B arcelona chairs
  51. 51. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Pavilion
  52. 52. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Modernism Barcelona Pavilion
  53. 53. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Modernism Farnsworth House Fact file International Style exemplar; glass and steel Notes Modern Style rural Context temperate Climate steel frame with glass   Construction System house Building Type 1946 to 1950   Date Plano, Illinois Location Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Architect
  54. 54. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Farnsworth House
  55. 55. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Farnsworth House
  56. 56. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Farnsworth House
  57. 57. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Farnsworth House Model
  58. 58. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Farnsworth House
  59. 59. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Farnsworth House
  60. 60. Modernism Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Thank you
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