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Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
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Appendicular Skeleton

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  • 1. The Appendicular Skeleton
  • 2. Overview
    Clavicle
    Clavicle
    Pectoral
    girdle
    Scapula
    Scapula
    Humerus
    Hip bone
    Pelvis
    Sacrum
    Ulna
    Radius
    Carpus
    Metacarpal
    bones
    Phalanges
    Femur
    Patella
    Fibula
    Tibia
    Metatarsal bones
    Tarsus
    Phalanges
    (a) Anterior view
    (b) Posterior view
  • 3. Clavicle
    Sternal
    end
    Acromial
    end
    Conoid tubercle
    (a) Superior view
    Conoid tubercle
    Sternal
    end
    Acromial
    end
    (b) Inferior view
  • 4. Scapula
    Superior
    border
    Superior angle
    Suprascapular
    notch
    Acromion
    Acromion
    Supraspinous
    fossa
    Coracoid
    process
    Lateral
    angle
    Glenoid
    cavity
    Spine
    Subscapular
    fossa
    Infraspinous
    fossa
    Lateral
    border
    Medial
    border
    Inferior angle
    (a) Anterior view
    (b) Posterior view
  • 5. Humerus
    Greater
    tubercle
    Greater
    tubercle
    Head
    Lesser
    tubercle
    Anatomical
    neck
    Surgical
    neck
    Intertubercular
    sulcus
    Nutrient
    foramen
    Deltoid
    tuberosity
    Deltoid
    tuberosity
    Coronoid
    fossa
    Radial
    fossa
    Medial
    supracondylar
    ridge
    Lateral
    supracondylar
    ridge
    Lateral
    epicondyle
    Medial
    epicondyle
    Lateral
    epicondyle
    Capitulum
    Olecranon
    fossa
    Trochlea
    (a) Anterior view
    (b) Posterior view
  • 6. Shoulder Joint
    Acromioclavicular
    joint
    Acromion of scapula
    Clavicle
    Head of humerus
    Coracobrachialis
    muscle
    Deltoid muscle
    (cut and folded back)
    Pectoralis major
    muscle
    Biceps brachii muscle:
    Short head
    Long head
    (a) Anterior dissection
    © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Timothy L. Vacula, photographer
  • 7. Radius and Ulna
    Olecranon
    Olecranon
    Trochlear notch
    Radial notch
    of ulna
    Head of
    radius
    Head of
    radius
    Coronoid process
    Neck of
    radius
    Neck of
    radius
    Ulnar tuberosity
    Radial
    tuberosity
    Ulna
    Radius
    Interosseous
    borders
    Interosseous
    membrane
    Ulnar notch
    of radius
    Head of ulna
    Styloid process
    Styloid
    process
    Styloid
    process
    Articular facets
    (a) Anterior view
    (b) Posterior view
  • 8. Bones of the Hand
    Distal phalanx II
    Key to carpal bones
    Distal row
    Middle phalanx II
    Proximal row
    Proximal phalanx II
    Distal
    phalanx I
    II
    III
    IV
    Head
    V
    Phalanges
    Body
    Proximal
    phalanx I
    Base
    I
    Head
    Body
    First
    metacarpal
    Metacarpal
    bones
    Base
    Hamulus of hamate
    Trapezoid
    Hamate
    Trapezium
    Carpal
    bones
    Pisiform
    Carpal
    bones
    Capitate
    Triquetrum
    Scaphoid
    Lunate
    (a) Anterior view
  • 9. Coxal Bones
    Iliac
    crest
    Iliac
    fossa
    Base of
    sacrum
    Ilium
    Sacroiliac joint
    Anterior
    superior
    iliac spine
    Pelvic surface
    of sacrum
    Anterior inferior
    iliac spine
    Pelvic inlet
    Spine
    Coccyx
    Acetabulum
    Ischium
    Body
    Interpubic
    disc
    Ramus
    Obturator
    foramen
    Superior ramus
    Pubis
    Inferior ramus
    Body
    Pubic symphysis
    (a) Anterosuperior view
  • 10. Lateral View
    Ilium
    Ischium
    Pubis
    Iliac crest
    Anterior gluteal
    line
    Inferior gluteal
    line
    Anterior superior
    iliac spine
    Posterior gluteal
    line
    Posterior superior
    iliac spine
    Posterior inferior
    iliac spine
    Anterior inferior
    iliac spine
    Greater sciatic notch
    Body of ilium
    Acetabulum
    Superior ramus
    of pubis
    Ischial spine
    Body of pubis
    Lesser sciatic notch
    Inferior ramus
    of pubis
    Body of ischium
    Obturator foramen
    Ischial tuberosity
    Ramus of ischium
    (a) Lateral view
  • 11. Medial View
    Iliac crest
    Iliac fossa
    Anterior superior
    iliac spine
    Posterior superior
    iliac spine
    Arcuate line
    Auricular surface
    Anterior inferior
    iliac spine
    Posterior inferior
    iliac spine
    Greater sciatic notch
    Ischial spine
    Pectineal line
    Location of
    pubic symphysis
    Obturator foramen
    Ramus of ischium
    (b) Medial view
  • 12. Femur
    Fovea capitis
    Greater trochanter
    Greater trochanter
    Head
    Neck
    Intertrochanteric crest
    Intertrochanteric line
    Lesser trochanter
    Longest, heaviest, and strongest bone
    Articulates proximally with acetabulum of hip
    Articulates distally with tibia and patella
    Spiral line
    Gluteal tuberosity
    Linea aspera
    Shaft
    Medial supracondylar line
    Lateral supracondylar
    line
    Popliteal surface
    Lateral epicondyle
    Lateral epicondyle
    Medial epicondyle
    Patellar surface
    Lateral condyle
    Intercondylar fossa
    Medial condyle
    Base of patella
    Articular facets
    Apex of patella
    (b) Posterior view
    (a) Anterior view
  • 13. Coxal Joint
    Acetabular labrum
    Acetabulum
    Head of femur
    Greater trochanter
    Round ligament
    Shaft of femur
    (a) Anterior dissection
    © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Timothy L. Vacula, photographer
  • 14. Coxal Joint
    Round
    ligament (cut)
    Fovea
    capitis
    Acetabulum
    Head of
    femur
    Labrum
    Greater
    trochanter
    Ischial
    tuberosity
    Femur
    Obturator
    membrane
    Transverse
    acetabular
    ligament
    (b) Lateral view, femur retracted
  • 15. Tibia and Fibula
    Intercondylar eminence
    Medial
    condyle
    Lateral condyle
    Apex
    Head of fibula
    Tibial
    tuberosity
    Proximal tibiofibular
    joint
    Interosseous
    membrane
    Lateral surface
    Anterior crest
    Tibia
    Fibula
    Distal tibiofibular joint
    Medial
    malleolus
    Lateral malleolus
    Lateral malleolus
    (b) Posterior view
    (a) Anterior view
  • 16. Medial
    Lateral
    Knee Joint
    Femur:
    Shaft
    Patellar surface
    Medial condyle
    Lateral condyle
    Joint capsule
    Joint cavity:
    Anterior cruciate
    ligament
    Medial meniscus
    Lateral meniscus
    Tibia:
    Lateral condyle
    Medial condyle
    Tuberosity
    Patellar ligament
    Patella
    (posterior surface)
    Articular facets
    Quadriceps
    tendon (reflected)
    © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Rebecca Gray, photographer/Don Kincaid, dissections
  • 17. Femur
    Femur
    Medial
    condyle
    Patellar surface
    Anterior cruciate
    ligament
    Medial condyle
    Lateral
    condyle
    Tibial
    collateral
    ligament
    Posterior cruciate
    ligament
    Fibular
    collateral
    ligament
    Fibular collateral
    ligament
    Anterior cruciate
    ligament
    Medial
    meniscus
    Lateral meniscus
    Lateral
    meniscus
    Medial meniscus
    Articular cartilage
    of tibia
    Posterior
    cruciate
    ligament
    Tibial collateral
    ligament
    Transverse
    ligament
    Patellar ligament
    (cut)
    Fibula
    Fibula
    Tibia
    Tibia
    (b) Posterior view
    (a) Anterior view
    Quadriceps
    femoris
    Quadriceps
    femoris tendon
    Lateral meniscus
    Posterior cruciate
    ligament
    Femur
    Suprapatellar
    bursa
    Bursa under lateral
    head of gastrocnemius
    Medial meniscus
    Prepatellar bursa
    Synovial
    membrane
    Joint capsule
    Patella
    Articular cartilage
    Medial condyle
    of tibia
    Synovial membrane
    Joint cavity
    Meniscus
    Infrapatellar fat pad
    Superficial
    infrapatellar bursa
    Anterior cruciate
    ligament
    Lateral condyle
    of tibia
    Patellar ligament
    Tibia
    Deep
    infrapatellar bursa
    (c) Sagittal section
    (d) Superior view of tibia and menisci
  • 18. Bones of the Foot
    Distal phalanx I
    Distal
    phalanx V
    Proximal phalanx I
    Middle
    phalanx V
    Proximal
    phalanx V
    Metatarsal
    II
    I
    III
    IV
    V
    Medial cuneiform
    Intermediate cuneiform
    Lateral cuneiform
    Navicular
    Cuboid
    Talus
    Calcaneus
    Trochlear surface
    of talus
    Key to tarsal bones
    Distal group
    Proximal group
    Tuberosity of calcaneus
    (a) Superior (dorsal) view

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