“ Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing on those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal system” (United Nations, 2004).
Traditional ceramic production techniques are being positively encouraged by tourism in the region
Tour operator involves the local indigenous community in the development of tourism, which benefits the community financially
But…the increased economic power brought by tourism, caused inter-tribal jealousies and rivalries between the indigenous communities involved (Sionas and Secoyas). The Sionas are trying to monopolize access to tourism benefits and exclude the Secoyas.
Tourism is encouraging young men to abandon their plots of land to work as guides and porters. As a result, food production in the abandoned community suffers and contributions to communal work are lost (Drumm, 1991).
Tourism is seen by indigenous leaders as a disruptive force in their communities, especially children who are becoming attracted to the foreign style of life
Lack of understanding of values and customs by tourists can lead to aggressive behaviour of local people.
Foreign customs displayed by the tourists are also stressful to local communities. For example, nude bathing in lakes and rivers and smoking marijuana are frequently cited as offensive tourist behaviour.
Romantic involvement between tourists and natives is increasingly cause for community concern. Traditional culture is broken down by a foreigner residing in the village (Drumm, 1991).
The community does not operate as an equal participant in the Park and therefore does not control or benefit fully from the presentation of its culture for tourist consumption.
Levels of attainment in the tourism industry are limited for Aboriginal people because their skills and circumstances are different from those required. Thus local people overall are usually employed in menial, low-paid positions in tourist enterprises.
The Djabugay people lack power and influence in the Park because of their minority shareholding, minimal voting powers, and lack of employee and managerial representation ( Dyer et al ., 2002).
Tourism cannot develop in a sustainable fashion without greater involvement of, and consultation with, local indigenous communities and their representative organizations.
The communities themselves see very little benefit from tourism
Local people are totally unprepared for dealing with tourism and so risk exploitation and objectification by the industry
An attitude of antagonism to tourism is beginning to establish itself in several communities.
Closer collaboration between indigenous organisations and the tourism industry is necessary and would be beneficial for both.
Antagonism towards the tourism industry is due in part to a lack of appreciation and understanding of indigenous culture by guides. Solution: attempt to correct these failings by giving greater emphasis to multicultural awareness in its guide certification courses.
To prevent revenge!! Question Time ? How do you feel about indigenous communities being exploited by the tourism industry?