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Jean Piaget’s Theory
 

Jean Piaget’s Theory

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Teoría de Jean Piaget sobre el desarrollo cognitivo del ser humano.

Teoría de Jean Piaget sobre el desarrollo cognitivo del ser humano.

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    Jean Piaget’s Theory Jean Piaget’s Theory Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Jean Piaget’s Theory Jeanne Gerena-Cruz Comu 2019 Dr. Enoc Díaz Santana
    • Jean Piaget ( August 9 , 1896 – September 16 , 1980 )
      • Born in Neuch â tel in the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
      • Natural scientist and developmental psychologist well known for his work studying children and his theory of cognitive development.
    • Jean Piaget
      • His career of scientific research began when he was just eleven, with the 1907 publication of a short paper on the albino sparrow.
      • Wrote more than sixty books and several hundred articles.
    • Jean Piaget
      • In 1923, he married Valentine Châtenay, the couple had three children, whom Piaget studied from infancy.
      • Began to explore children in Alfred’s Binet Laboratory. This is where the Modern Test of Intelligence was created.
    •  
    • Theory
      • Piaget proposed the theory of childhood cognitive development in 1969.
      • Cognitive Development is the combine result between the maturity of the brain and nervous system with the environment adjustments.
    • Theory
      • Children’s logic and modes of thinking are initially entirely different from those of adults.
      • Piaget’s view is constructivist.
    • Theory
      • Terms that describe the dynamic of development:
          • Schemes
          • Adaptation
          • Assimilation
          • Accommodation
          • Equilibrium
    • Theoretical Implications
      • Piaget believed children’s schemes, or logical mental structures, change with age and are initially action-based (sensorimotor) and later move to a mental (operational) level.
      • Children’s cognitive performance is directly related to the stage they are in, he proposed four major stages of development.
    • Theoretical Implications Cognitive Development Stages
      • The Sensorimotor Period (birth to 2 years)
      • Preoperational Thought (2 to 6/7 years)
      • Concrete Operations (6/7 to 11/12 years)
      • Formal Operations Formal Operations (11/12 to adult)
    • Cognitive Development Stages The Sensorimotor Period (0-2 yrs.)
      • Infants and toddlers "think" with their eyes, ears, hands, and other sensorimotor equipment.
      • They learn to generalize their activities to a wider range of situations and coordinate them into increasingly lengthy chains of behavior.
    • Cognitive Development Stages Preoperational Thought (2-7 yrs.)
      • Children acquire representational skills in the area of mental imagery, and especially in language.
      • They are very self-oriented, and have an egocentric view; that is, preoperational children can use these representational skills only to view the world from their own perspective.
    • Cognitive Development Stages Concrete Operations (7-11 yrs.)
      • Children are able to take into account another person’s point of view.
      • They can represent transformations as well as static situations.
      • Children at this stage would have the ability to pass conservation (numerical), classification, serration, and spatial reasoning tasks.
    • Cognitive Development Stages Formal Operations (11- adult)
      • Capable of thinking logically and abstractly.
      • They can reason theoretically.
      • The ultimate stage of development, and stated that although the children would still have to revise their knowledge base, their way of thinking was as powerful as it would get .
    • Contributions:
      • Piaget made a revolution with the developmental psychology concentrating all his attention to the mental process and his roll with behavior.
      • He made us conscious with the way children and adults think.
    • Contributions:
      • Helped educators, parents, and investigators to comprehend the capacity of children in their different stages.
      • A lot of school programs have been redesigned taking as base Piaget’s discoveries.
    • Any Questions?
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    •