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Jean Piaget’s Theory


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Teoría de Jean Piaget sobre el desarrollo cognitivo del ser humano.

Teoría de Jean Piaget sobre el desarrollo cognitivo del ser humano.

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Jean Piaget’s Theory Jeanne Gerena-Cruz Comu 2019 Dr. Enoc Díaz Santana
  • 3. Jean Piaget ( August 9 , 1896 – September 16 , 1980 )
    • Born in Neuch â tel in the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
    • Natural scientist and developmental psychologist well known for his work studying children and his theory of cognitive development.
  • 4. Jean Piaget
    • His career of scientific research began when he was just eleven, with the 1907 publication of a short paper on the albino sparrow.
    • Wrote more than sixty books and several hundred articles.
  • 5. Jean Piaget
    • In 1923, he married Valentine Châtenay, the couple had three children, whom Piaget studied from infancy.
    • Began to explore children in Alfred’s Binet Laboratory. This is where the Modern Test of Intelligence was created.
  • 6.  
  • 7. Theory
    • Piaget proposed the theory of childhood cognitive development in 1969.
    • Cognitive Development is the combine result between the maturity of the brain and nervous system with the environment adjustments.
  • 8. Theory
    • Children’s logic and modes of thinking are initially entirely different from those of adults.
    • Piaget’s view is constructivist.
  • 9. Theory
    • Terms that describe the dynamic of development:
        • Schemes
        • Adaptation
        • Assimilation
        • Accommodation
        • Equilibrium
  • 10. Theoretical Implications
    • Piaget believed children’s schemes, or logical mental structures, change with age and are initially action-based (sensorimotor) and later move to a mental (operational) level.
    • Children’s cognitive performance is directly related to the stage they are in, he proposed four major stages of development.
  • 11. Theoretical Implications Cognitive Development Stages
    • The Sensorimotor Period (birth to 2 years)
    • Preoperational Thought (2 to 6/7 years)
    • Concrete Operations (6/7 to 11/12 years)
    • Formal Operations Formal Operations (11/12 to adult)
  • 12. Cognitive Development Stages The Sensorimotor Period (0-2 yrs.)
    • Infants and toddlers "think" with their eyes, ears, hands, and other sensorimotor equipment.
    • They learn to generalize their activities to a wider range of situations and coordinate them into increasingly lengthy chains of behavior.
  • 13. Cognitive Development Stages Preoperational Thought (2-7 yrs.)
    • Children acquire representational skills in the area of mental imagery, and especially in language.
    • They are very self-oriented, and have an egocentric view; that is, preoperational children can use these representational skills only to view the world from their own perspective.
  • 14. Cognitive Development Stages Concrete Operations (7-11 yrs.)
    • Children are able to take into account another person’s point of view.
    • They can represent transformations as well as static situations.
    • Children at this stage would have the ability to pass conservation (numerical), classification, serration, and spatial reasoning tasks.
  • 15. Cognitive Development Stages Formal Operations (11- adult)
    • Capable of thinking logically and abstractly.
    • They can reason theoretically.
    • The ultimate stage of development, and stated that although the children would still have to revise their knowledge base, their way of thinking was as powerful as it would get .
  • 16. Contributions:
    • Piaget made a revolution with the developmental psychology concentrating all his attention to the mental process and his roll with behavior.
    • He made us conscious with the way children and adults think.
  • 17. Contributions:
    • Helped educators, parents, and investigators to comprehend the capacity of children in their different stages.
    • A lot of school programs have been redesigned taking as base Piaget’s discoveries.
  • 18. Any Questions?
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  • 20.