Music Piracy


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Music Piracy

  1. 1. Piracy On the Internet Group 4 Alex, Diamond, Rhoda, Rajiv, Richard
  2. 2. Topic Outline <ul><li>Piracy on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Piracy, Defined </li></ul><ul><li>Music Piracy </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and Intellectual Property Laws </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is (electronic) Piracy?
  4. 4. What is (electronic) Piracy? <ul><li>PIRACY is the unauthorized reproduction and distribution of electronic audio and media devices. This include the copying of: </li></ul><ul><li>movies </li></ul><ul><li>songs </li></ul><ul><li>e-books </li></ul><ul><li>and other materials in electronic form </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In 2005, eBay, the on-line auction host, received 1.2 billion hits per month. It had 10 million registered users and more than 400,000 items added daily. </li></ul><ul><li>The proliferation of auction sites has increased ten fold. There are now hundreds of major auction sites online. </li></ul><ul><li>The proliferation of such sites have encouraged the growth of piracy in the Internet. </li></ul>Hard Goods Piracy – Auction Sites
  6. 6. Music piracy
  7. 7. What is Music Piracy? <ul><li>The dictionary states that music piracy is; the general term referring to the illegal duplication and distribution of sound recordings, comprised of four specific forms: bootleg recordings, counterfeit recordings, pirate recordings and online piracy. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Consequences <ul><li>The consequence of this is that music companies are losing millions of dollars. they don’t just lose the occasional single or album they lose there selling details and even in some cases they don’t get a gold or platinum credit for the song because people don’t buy it, they simply download it. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Punishment <ul><li>In the US, if caught with illegal music that costs the record company a total of more than $350 the person is legally viable to be sued or arrested and detained </li></ul><ul><li>A maximum fine of $5000 and imprisonment of up to 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>However, penalties and punishments depend on the existing laws of a country or territory </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Does it Happen? <ul><li>Music piracy can occur in many ways </li></ul><ul><li>Internet (downloading) </li></ul><ul><li>Passing of legal/illegal copies from one hand to another </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal analogue or digital recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Peer to peer link programs </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is a Peer to Peer Link? <ul><li>Peer to peer links are a internet link from one persons computer to a hosts computer. The people involved have equal rights and you can only access someone's computer if they decide to setup a shared folder to link them to the network. The network has many faults including that you can download a file from someone's computer and it may contain a virus there are no ways of checking a file until you download it. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why Does it Happen? <ul><li>Music piracy is being committed because people don’t want to pay for a legal copy when they can just download it from websites and peer to peer connections. </li></ul>OR DOES IT???
  13. 13. Common Downloadable Media Websites <ul><li>Napster </li></ul><ul><li>Rhapsody </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo Music Unlimited </li></ul><ul><li>iTunes </li></ul><ul><li>eMusic </li></ul><ul><li>Limewire </li></ul>
  14. 14. Protecting Copyrights
  15. 15. What is an Intellectual Property? <ul><li>Intellectual property (IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights. Under intellectual property law, the holder of one of these abstract properties has certain exclusive rights to the creative work, commercial symbol, or invention by which it is covered. </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is a Copyright? <ul><li>Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship exclusive rights to control its distribution, usually for a limited time, after which the work enters the public domain. Generally, it is &quot;the right to copy&quot;, but usually provides the author with other rights as well, such as the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and other, related rights. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Protecting Copyrights <ul><li>Digital Rights Management (DRM) </li></ul><ul><li>An invisible layer of software that bodyguards a computer file and limits what you can and can't do with it. Buy a song from Apple's iTunes Media Store, for example, and you can copy the file to five computers but no more. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Intellectual Property Rights in the Philippines <ul><li>Republic Act No. 8293, otherwise known as the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines, is an act prescribing the intellectual property code and establishing the intellectual property office, providing for its powers and functions, and for other purposes. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Internet Piracy a Complicated Crime to Control <ul><li>Behavior in an electronic environment requires particular expertise, procedures and powers </li></ul><ul><li>Users can act beyond their own borders – requires international cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Users can choose their legal environment – to avoid prosecution </li></ul>
  20. 20. Stopping Internet Piracy <ul><li>Locating pirates </li></ul><ul><li>Cease & desist letters </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal and Civil </li></ul><ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Severe penalties </li></ul>
  21. 21. What Needs to Be Done? <ul><li>Enactment of sufficient laws to criminalize internet and telecommunications abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment of personnel and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Well trained and dedicated prosecutors, judges, police officers & experts with up-to-date equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunication carriers and ISPs should be required to retain traffic data for a minimum period to fight internet piracy and other high-tech crime </li></ul>
  22. 22. Questions??? <ul><li>Electronic materials borrowed from or lend by a friend, is it considered as piracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Music Piracy, is it really killing the music industry? </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul>