The American Digital Divide
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The American Digital Divide

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The American Digital Divide The American Digital Divide Presentation Transcript

  • The American Digital Divide
      • refers to the “gap between those people with effective access to digital and information technology and those without access to it.”
      • More is discussed with bridging the digital divide in developing countries
      • More companies and programs available to help developing countries obtain access as well as equipment
    Digital Divide Defined
      • For example: One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) program which aims to help provide portable computers for children in developing countries.
      • Number of computers sold in 2007: 270,000- Peru 100,000- Uruguay 50,000- Mexico 15,000- USA (City of Birmingham)
      • Is this program more beneficial for developing countries or can it be adopted here as well?
  • Broadband Penetration
    • “ The measure of access to digital services”
    • In 2001, US ranked 4th.
    • As of Feb. 2008, US ranked 15th.
    • Reasons?
    • Americans pay far more for much slower Internet connections
    • Too many people still live in areas that cable and telecom companies refuse to serve
  • Digital Divide
    • America is the leader in Internet technology yet “America lags so far behind the rest of the industrialized world in broadband access to the Internet.” Ex: Only 11.4% of the U.S. population had broadband in 2005, compared with more than double that amount in the Republic of Korea.
    • America falling behind in the every measure of broadband-subscribership, price, speed, and investment.
    • Compared to South Korea, Hong Kong, the Netherlands, Denmark, Canada, Switzerland, Taiwan, Belgium, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Israel, Japan, Finland, and Singapore
  • Promoting Computer Literacy
    • Wal-Mart's $199 computer (does not include a monitor)
    • Aimed for as a family computer
    • Cheap because computer loaded with Open Source software, which is developed using code that is available to anyone
    • Wal-Mart did not want to use Microsoft software
    • Offered online at Walmart.com and in about 600 Wal-Mart stores nationwide
    • Microsoft and West Virginia Create First State Technology Training Initiative for Older Adults called Seniors Technology Training Program
    • Aimed to bridge WV's rural areas as well as to help bridge the generational divide
    • Goal is to empower the elderly, to enhance their lives and the lives of others by learning, applying and teaching technology.
    • Microsoft provided the grant
    • All software being taught is from Microsoft
  • Questions & Discussions
      • Why is bridging the divide so important?
      • Should our government focus more on accessibility measures or providing equipment?
      • Should there be more or equal of a concern for the digital divide in America?
  • Works Cited
      • Eric Benderoff (1 November). $199 computer could crack 'digital divide': Price reflects Wal-Mart's purchasing power and manufacturer's use of open-source software. McClatchy - Tribune Business News. Retrieved March 1, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Dateline database. (Document ID: 1376174101).
      • Jeremy Wagstaff (2004, June). WI-FI IS AIMING FOR THE MASSES. Far Eastern Economic Review, 167(24), 38-42. Retrieved March 1, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 651773841).
      • BUSH'S DIGITAL DYSFUNCTION. (2008, February 2). Madison Capital Times,A.6. Retrieved March 1, 2008, from ProQuest Newsstand database. (Document ID: 1422854891).
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_divide
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_Laptop_per_Child
      • http://www.pbs.org/moyers/citizensclass/the_net_risk/the_new_digital_divide/
      • http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/1999/jul99/wvpr.mspx