Alaskan Pacific Halibut Fishing By: Maxwell Scroggins Anica Miller
Overview <ul><li>How is this fish collected? </li></ul><ul><li>Halibut information </li></ul><ul><li>What is the market fo...
Fishing Method <ul><li>Halibut is fished from the ocean with the long line method. </li></ul><ul><li>In the long line meth...
Fishing Location <ul><li>Halibut is located up the west coast from Northern California up to the Gulf of Alaska and Bering...
The Pacific Halibut <ul><li>Life Span: Males and Females can live to be quite old, the oldest halibut recorded was 55 year...
Market <ul><li>Both Pacific and Atlantic halibut are marketed as “Halibut” </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most valuable fish...
Impact on Marine Ecosystem <ul><li>Longline fishing, while less destructive than other methods of fishing, still has a byc...
Restrictions and Regulations by NMFS <ul><li>In 1995 the NPFMC (North Pacific Fishery Management Council) and NOAA (Nation...
Sources <ul><li>http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pacific_halibut.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.duke.edu/web/n...
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Max anicabioproject2

  1. 1. Alaskan Pacific Halibut Fishing By: Maxwell Scroggins Anica Miller
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>How is this fish collected? </li></ul><ul><li>Halibut information </li></ul><ul><li>What is the market for this fish like? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the impact of this fishing on the ecosystem? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fishing Method <ul><li>Halibut is fished from the ocean with the long line method. </li></ul><ul><li>In the long line method of fishing a line with thousands of baited hooks is lowered into the water and pulled up later with fish attached. </li></ul><ul><li>The fishery is managed by the International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fishing Location <ul><li>Halibut is located up the west coast from Northern California up to the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Near 100% of all halibut caught in the U.S. Is Pacific Halibut from the Gulf of Alaska </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Pacific Halibut <ul><li>Life Span: Males and Females can live to be quite old, the oldest halibut recorded was 55 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Size: Halibut can grow up to 500 lbs. and up to 9 ft. in length. </li></ul><ul><li>Diet: Adult halibut eat other fish such as: sablefish, cod, sculpins, and occasionally smaller halibut </li></ul><ul><li>Halibut are a flatfish with both eyes on the dorsal side of the body </li></ul>
  6. 6. Market <ul><li>Both Pacific and Atlantic halibut are marketed as “Halibut” </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most valuable fish due to large size and high price. </li></ul><ul><li>The halibut is exported as well as sold to fish markets and other distributers for use in restaurants and home cooking. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. and Canada are the leading suppliers in the halibut market. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Impact on Marine Ecosystem <ul><li>Longline fishing, while less destructive than other methods of fishing, still has a bycatch. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea birds are the most vulnerable, eating bait off of hooks when lines are being set then being dragged under water and drowned. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea turtles and sharks also bite hooks and get trapped. </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Halibut is not being overfished and populations are strong. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Restrictions and Regulations by NMFS <ul><li>In 1995 the NPFMC (North Pacific Fishery Management Council) and NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) implemented a quota system for Alaska, causing the fishing season to be extended from what was only a few days to 8 months or more. This resulted in lower bycatch and less fisherman deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>For recreational fishermen there is a total allowable catch limit daily and closed seasons. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sources <ul><li>http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pacific_halibut.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.duke.edu/web/nicholas/bio217/durkee-eyler-franken/bycatch.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.oceansatlas.org/world_fisheries_and_aquaculture/html/issues/ecosys/selectgear/incidental_catch.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.iphc.washington.edu/halcom/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.adfg.state.ak.us/pubs/notebook/fish/halibut.php </li></ul>
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