Tutoring <ul><li>Who can be a tutor? </li></ul><ul><li>What does a human tutor do? </li></ul><ul><li>A tutoring situation ...
Who can be a Tutor? <ul><li>People, who aren’t professional teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Brothers ...
What does a human Tutor do? <ul><li>Introduces the student into a new situation </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a bridge betwee...
What does a human Tutor do? <ul><li>Gives more  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individualized h...
A Tutoring situation <ul><li>Real-life goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students’ real-...
A Tutoring situation <ul><li>Question and prompt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review </...
A Tutoring situation <ul><li>Check and correct errors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check for errors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pr...
Examples for Tutoring situation
What Tutors have, compared with professional teachers <ul><li>greater quantity  </li></ul><ul><li>poorer quality </li></ul...
A Computer Tutor needs to  <ul><li>Include an ideal student model </li></ul><ul><li>Include a model of where an individual...
Tasks of a Computer Tutor <ul><li>Presents examples or problems to solve </li></ul><ul><li>Compares the student’s performa...
Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) <ul><li>Develop teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Track student’s work </li></ul><ul...
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Tutoring

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What exactly is "Tutoring"?
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Tutoring

  1. 1. Tutoring <ul><li>Who can be a tutor? </li></ul><ul><li>What does a human tutor do? </li></ul><ul><li>A tutoring situation </li></ul><ul><li>What tutors have? </li></ul><ul><li>A Computer Tutor </li></ul><ul><li>Tasks of a Computer Tutor </li></ul><ul><li>ITS </li></ul>
  2. 2. Who can be a Tutor? <ul><li>People, who aren’t professional teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Brothers or sisters </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Peers </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone can be a Tutor! </li></ul>
  3. 3. What does a human Tutor do? <ul><li>Introduces the student into a new situation </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a bridge between a existing knowledge and a new task </li></ul><ul><li>Helps and supports the learning of others </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a structure to support the learner’s problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Motivates the students </li></ul>
  4. 4. What does a human Tutor do? <ul><li>Gives more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individualized help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>immediate feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self – correction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controls the learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Has the opportunity to give the student as much time as needed </li></ul>
  5. 5. A Tutoring situation <ul><li>Real-life goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students’ real-life goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance support and challenge </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A Tutoring situation <ul><li>Question and prompt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinking time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prompt </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. A Tutoring situation <ul><li>Check and correct errors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check for errors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote self – correction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure correct correction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discuss and Praise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Praise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize/Review </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Examples for Tutoring situation
  9. 9. What Tutors have, compared with professional teachers <ul><li>greater quantity </li></ul><ul><li>poorer quality </li></ul><ul><li>less reliable detection of errors </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Computer Tutor needs to <ul><li>Include an ideal student model </li></ul><ul><li>Include a model of where an individual learner is at </li></ul><ul><li>Include a strategy, adapted to needs of each learner </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tasks of a Computer Tutor <ul><li>Presents examples or problems to solve </li></ul><ul><li>Compares the student’s performance with that of the model </li></ul><ul><li>Provides goals for the learner to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Monitors the effect of practise </li></ul>
  12. 12. Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) <ul><li>Develop teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Track student’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Give feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Give hints along the way </li></ul><ul><li>Collect information about a student’s strength and weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest additional work </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust to current needs and abilities </li></ul>
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