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Gaza Strip presentation
 

Gaza Strip presentation

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Presentation from Israel Breakfast meeting at SDRS 1 March 2009

Presentation from Israel Breakfast meeting at SDRS 1 March 2009

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    Gaza Strip presentation Gaza Strip presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Total area: 360 sq km Border countries: Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km Coastline: 40 km
    • Early History
      • 15th century BC. First mention of the city of Gaza .
      • Samson was delivered into bondage by Delilah.
      13th century BC the area was taken over by the Philistines.
    • Recent History
      • 1517 Gaza fell to the Ottoman empire who ruled it from 1517-1799.
      • 1799 Napoleon captured Gaza City in.
      • 1832 Muhammad Ali made Gaza a part of Egypt in
      • 1919 Gaza became part of the British Mandate of Palestine
    • 1947-1949
      • 1947 Partition plan, the Gaza area was to become part of a new Arab state.
      24 February 1949 the Israel–Egypt Armistice Agreement Egypt remained in control of a strip of land along the coast, which became known as the Gaza Strip. 22 September, 1948 All-Palestine Government was proclaimed in Gaza City by the Arab League. Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip or Egypt were issued All-Palestine passports
    • 1949 - 1979
      • 1956, the Suez affair Gaza Strip occupied by Israel. Israel withdraw.
      • 1959, Gamal Abdul Nasser annul the All-Palestine government
      • June 1967 The Six-Day War.
      • Gaza is controlled by Israel military administration.
      • Gush Katif, 21 settlements comprising 20% of the total territory.
      • March 1979 Israel and Egypt signed the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty.
      • Settle the international border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt.
      • Egypt renounced all territorial claims to the region beyond the
      • international border.
    • Intifada & Palestinian Government
      • 1988 First Intifada
      • May 1994, Palestinian-Israeli agreements, a phased transfer of governmental authority to the Palestinians.
      • March 1996 inaugural of the Palestinian National Council
      • September 2000 The Second Intifada
    • 15 August 2005 Israel starts the unilateral disengagement plan. Israel Pull out the settlements
    • Civil war
      • January 2006, Hamas win the election
      • January –May 2007, Civil war in Gaza Strip
      • June 2007, the Gaza Strip was completely overrun by Hamas
    • Current Status
      • Gaza does not belong to any sovereign state.
      • Israel and Egypt closed its border crossings with Gaza.
      • Israel forigen Minister, Zipi Livne– “ Gaza is no longer occupied , Israel does not exercise effective control or authority over any land or institutions in the Gaza Strip”
      • Palestine Authority Chairman, Mahmoud Abbas stated, "the legal status of the areas slated for evacuation has not changed.“
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    • Gaza Strip vital statistics
      • Per capita income of $625 a year.
      • Economic output in the Gaza Strip declined by 1/3 between 1992 and 1996.
      • 60% of the population below the poverty line.
      • 17.5% of children aged 6–59 months suffer from chronic malnutrition.
      • 53% of women of reproductive age and 44% of children are anaemic .
    • Gaza Population: 1.4 Million 99.3% Sunni Muslims West Bank Population: 2.3 Million Arab 83% Jewish 17% Israel Population: 7.3 Million Jewish 76.0% Arab 19.4% Other 4.6% Demographic Data Gaza West Bank Israel Egypt UK 0-14 years 48.5% 38% 26.1% 31.8% 18% 15-64 years 48.8% 58.3% 64.2% 63.5% 66.3% 65 years and over 2.6% 3.7% 9.7% 4.7% 15.7% Birth rate: 40.03 25.95 20.8 22.94 10.65 Death rate: 3.87 3.85 6.18 5.23 10.05 Infant mortality rate: 22.93 16.64 6.89 31.33 4.93
    • Per Capita Income $US Rank UK 45,681 20 Israel 26,536 30 Egypt 2,109 116 India 1,043 136 Gaza 625 ? Rwanda 420 168