Italian Language Lessons Grammar, spelling, and usage <br />Italian Alphabet (l’alfabeto italiano)  <br />The Italian alph...
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
Italian Language Lessons
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Italian Language Lessons

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Italian Language Lessons

  1. 1. Italian Language Lessons Grammar, spelling, and usage <br />Italian Alphabet (l’alfabeto italiano) <br />The Italian alphabet (l'alfabeto) contains twenty–one letters: <br />LettersNames of the Letters (Pronounciation) aahbbeeccheeddeeeehfEh-fehggeehAh-caieelEh-lehmEh-mehnEh-nehoohppeeqcurEh-rrehsEh-ssehtteeuoovVee or VoozZeh-tah<br />The following five letters are found in foreign words: <br />LettersNames of the Lettersji lungokkappawdoppia vuxicsyipsilon<br />Italian Vocabulary List<br />Italiano Inglese ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese onomasticoName DaynovembreNovemberRossoRedcompleannoBirthdaydicembreDecemberArancioneOrangePasquaEasterla primaveraSpringgialloYellowNataleChristmasl’estateSummerVerdeGreenlunedìMondayl’autugnoFallBluBluemartedìTuesdayl’invernoWinterAzzurroBluemercoledìWednesdayottobreOctoberViolaPurplegiovedìThursdayunoOneNeroBlackvenerdìFridaydueTwoMarroneBrownsabatoSaturdaytreThreeRosaPinkdomenicaSundayquattroFourGriggioGraygennaioJanuarycinqueFivecinqueFivefebbraioFebruaryseiSixseiSixmarzoMarchsetteSevensetteSevenaprileAprilottoEightottoEightmaggioMaynoveNinenoveNinegiugnoJunedieciTendieciTenluglioJulyundiciElevenL’UomoManagostoAugustdodiciTwelveLa DonnaWomansettembreSeptembertrediciThirteenC’èThere is/areItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese La chiesaChurchNotteNightPregoYou’re WelcomeIl ristoranteRestaurant GiornoDayItalianoItalianIl mercatoMarketSeraEveningItaliaItalyIl paeseCountryCosìSoSiciliaSicilyLa cittàCitySìYeslIngleseEnglishLa montagnaMountainSeIfGli Stati UnitiUSAMangiareTo EatDiOfSpagnoloSpanishAndareTo GoDaFromSpagnaSpainPeròButInInMessicoMexicoIl peroPear TreeSuOnFranceseFrenchPerché?Why?ConWithFranciaFrancePerchéBecauseAvereTo HaveIrlandeseIrishQuando?When?DireTo SayIrlandaIrelandChe?What?DovereTo Have ToTedescoGermanChi?Who?PotereTo Be Able ToGermaniaGermanyDove?Where?VenireTo ComeLa LinguaLanguageQuale?Which?VolereTo WantCineseChineseCome?How?VivereTo LiveCinaChinaQuanti?How many?Per FavorePleaseRussoRussianFareTo Do/MakeGrazieThank YouRussiaRussia<br />ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese OggiTodayStareTo beIl RinoceronteRhinoDomaniTomorrow SapereTo KnowLa GiraffaGiraffeIeriYesterdayConoscereTo KnowLa CosaThingBello/aBeautifulCercareTo Look ForIl LibroBookPiccolo/aLittlePensareTo ThinkLa ScuolaSchoolGrandeBigDormireTo SleepTagliareTo CutInteresanteInterestingParlareTo SpeakVolareTo FlyIntelligenteSmartCantareTo SingLeggereTo ReadAncheTooBallareTo DanceIl IpoppotamoHippoLo StivaleBootSentireTo FeelIl ÒspitaleHospitalLa CapitaleCapitalAscoltareTo ListenL’UniversitàUniversityLa MareSeaGiocareTo WorkLa MusicaMusicSignoreMisterImportanteImportantLa VeritàTruthSignoraMrs.StudiareTo StudyVero/aTrueSignorinaMissComprareTo BuyCertoTrueCiaoHello/Good-byeLa ScarpaShoeFalsoFalseSalveHello (Formal)La PallaBallLa FamigliaFamilyArrivederciGood-bye (Formal)La PennaPenIl PadreFatherChiamarsiTo call (be called)La CartaPaperIl MadreMotherEssereTo BeIl ElefanteElephantLa PersonaPerson<br />ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese Il cellulareCell phoneInviareTo SendAspettareTo WaitIl mondoWorld CorrereTo RunVendereTo SellLa tecnologiaTechnologyTocareTo TouchIl CorpoBodyL’informazioneInformationIncontrareTo Find/MeetLa SaluteHealthIl computerComputerRicercareTo SearchL’occhioEyeIl fine di setimanaWeekendImparareTo LearnL’orecchioEarLa setimanaWeekEscereTo LeaveLa FacciaFaceLa vitaLifeScrivereTo WriteIl ColloNeckNienteNothingDareTo GiveIl CuoreHeartQualcunoSomeoneGuardareTo SeeIl NassoNoseQualcosaSomethingIl viaggioTripLa BoccaMouthTuttoEverythingMontareTo RideLa LinguaTongueSempreAlwaysCredereTo BelieveLa SpallaShoulderMaiNeveroOrLa SpinaSpine/BackPiùMoreeAndLo StomacoStomachPrestoSoonLa RagazzaYoung LadyLa DitaFingerPronto/aReadyIl RagazzoYoung ManIl piedeFootNuovo/aNewÙltimo/alastLa dita di piedeToeUsareTo UseAiudareTo HelpLa FrontaForeheadDomandareTo AskCommuneCommonLa LabbraLips<br />ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese ItalianoInglese DolorePainIl FormaggioCheeseIl AnanasPineapleDolceSweetIl LatteMilkLa PignaPineApprireTo OpenIl SoleSunIl MeloneMelonLa ManoHandLa LunaMoonGli ImpostazioniSettingsIl PesceFishL’arboleTreeL’aranciaOrangePescareTo FishIl PolipoOctupusLa CremaCreamLa ChitarraGuitarIl CornoHornIl PartePartIl PorcoPigL’uccelloBirdLa FragolaStrawberryIl AssinoDonkeyLa StellaStarL’aeroplanoAirplaneIl BurroButterIl RatoneRat/MouseL’aeroAirplaneLa MuccaCowSaltareTo JumpL’automobileCarIl PolloChickenLa PelleSkinLa MacchinaCarIl GalloRosterDuranteDuringL’aeroportoAirport L’uovaEggIl TèTeaSinistraLeftIl BraccioArmIl CaffèCoffeDestraRightLa GambaLegL’acquaWaterLàThereIl ToroBullPagareTo PayQuaHereL’agnelloLambLa PeraPearQuiHereIl GattoCatLa MelaAppleGiùDownIl CaneDogLa BananaBananaLà GiùOver There<br />Italian Language Lessons Grammar, spelling, and usage <br />Italian Double Consonants <br />In Italian, all consonants except h can be doubled. Double consonants (i consonanti doppie) are pronounced much more forcefully than single consonants. With double f, l, m, n, r, s, and v, the sound is prolonged; with double b, c, d, g, p, and t, the stop is stronger than for the single consonant. Double z is pronounced almost the same as single z. Double s is always unvoiced. <br />Double consonant examples: <br />ItalianEnglishbabbodadfettasliceevvivahurrahbisteccabeefsteakmammamamaalbicoccaapricotbellobeautifulfilettofiletannoyearassaia lotbassoshortragazzoboyferroironpennellopaint brushespressoespresso coffeetavolozzapalettespaghettispaghetticavallettoeasel<br />Most Italian words end in a vowel. <br />Diphthongs (i dittonghi) are two vowels fused to emit a single sound. A diphthong is formed when an unstressed i or u combines with another vowel (a, e, o) or when the two vowels combine with each other, in which case either the i or u may remain unstressed. In diphthongs, unstressed i and u become semivowels approximating in sound the English consonants y and w, respectively. <br />Diphthong examples: <br />ItalianEnglishieriyesterdaybuonogoodfioreflowerchiusoclosedinvidiaenvypiùmore<br />Tripthongs also exist. These are sequences of three vowels with a single sound, usually a diphthong followed by an unstressed i. <br />ItalianEnglishtuoiyoursmieiminebuoioxenpigliaiI took<br />Italian has numerous words that contain sequences of vowels. The following words are not triphthongs (which are infrequent), but sequences of a vowel and a diphthong. <br />ItalianEnglishnoiaboredomfebbraioFebruarybaiabayfioraioflorist<br />Each of the words below has a sequence of two diphthongs: <br />ItalianEnglishghiaiagravelmuoioI dieacquaiosinkgioiellojewel<br />

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