S O O Week 2 Presentation


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S O O Week 2 Presentation

  1. 1. Frankincense and Myrrh<br />Week 2 The Sultanate of Oman <br />Malak Saleh<br />
  2. 2. Introduction to Frankincense and Myrrh?<br />They date back to 500 BCE<br />They were originally just sap inside specific trees in the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula <br /> once the sap has dried out after escaping the tree it is ready to be used<br /> they have many more uses than just being incense and a fragrant.<br />
  3. 3. What is frankincense and Myrrh<br />Frankincense is an aromatic, congealed, resinous sap from a specific variety of trees in the Genus Boswelia.<br /> Most of the trees there are produce a scented resinous sap, but ONLY one tree BOSWELIA SACRA produces the highest grade of frankincense also known as “true” or “commercial” incense.<br />
  4. 4. Uses of Frankincense <br />It was used in burial rituals as a mummifying material, and a mean to cover the body’s odor <br /> The roman emperor Nero once burned an entire year’s harvest of frankincense at the funeral of his favorite mistress <br /> The smoke from burning frankincense is effective for driving away mosquitoes and other pests, thereby reducing incidences of malaria.<br />Egyptians took the frankincense further than that they used it in the mummification process. Part of the process included the removal of the viscera, they were then placed into containers<br />Large quantities of frankincense were placed into the body cavities to prevent decomposition and to mask the odor. <br />
  5. 5. Medicinal Uses of Frankincense <br /> The Frankincense smoke or frankincense dissolved in water are all used in various forms to treat a variety of sicknesses including nausea, indigestion, chest coughs, hypertension, and post-child birth recovery.<br />
  6. 6. The overland Routes<br />From Moscha, frankincense was transported along the coast and up river to Shabwash by boats and barges. Once there it was sorted, graded, taxed and sent north by a camel.<br />The careful controls of frankincense allowed taxation to the tune of 25%<br />The continual stream of caravans made medina one of the most important global trade centers of its time. <br />
  7. 7. Ocean Trade Routes<br /> Qana was the center of the Oceanic frankincense trade and the home port for ships heading in all four cardinal directions<br /> At Marabat the frankincense was loaded on boats or rafts and sailed or floated along the coast of Qana.<br />
  8. 8. The Camel Pack Animal<br />One of the first uses of camels took place in Oman as part of an effort to streamline the frankincense trade while lowering overhead.<br /> Although no conclusive evidence has been found yet, the development of the camel as a pack animal (which was tricky, due to the camel’s physiology) was a breakthrough. <br />