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    Great Decisions Teacher Presentatin Great Decisions Teacher Presentatin Presentation Transcript

    • The US and Rising Powers
      Chapter 1
    • History
      Treaty of Westphalia
      This is the settlement that ended the "Thirty Years War“
      The Thirty Years War : War between Holy Roman Empire over religion ( Catholics vs Orthodox)
      resulted in the emergence of the European states system.
      state sovereignty.
      1st attempt to structure how nations dealt with each other
    • History
      Congress of Vienna (1814 )
      Again trying to constitue peace and draw borders
      World War I
      the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey), and the allied powers (Britain, France, Belgium, Russia, Italy, USA)
      The Treaty of Versailles ( 1919)
      The League of Nations
      World War II
      The Allies ( France, Britian, US, USSR, China )Vs. The Axis ( Germany, Japan, Italy )
      Allies created the UN
      US vs Soviet Union
    • Bipolar World
      CAPITALISM - Containment Of Communism
      Eastern Bloc COMMUNISM
    • WHAT MAKES A MAJOR POWER?
      Political Scientist – Kenneth Waltz
      Population and Territory
      Natural Resources
      Economy
      Stability of Political System
      Military Strength
    • Asia Pacific – “Asian Triumphalism”
      China
      Economy growing at a 10% clip
      Trading partners – US is largest, however EU if combined is larger
      Military – extemely strong- budget doubled – very strong navy
      Part of the Nuclear Non-Profileration Treaty
      India
      Economy growing at an 8 % clip
      Nuclear Power – signed a treaty with the US
    • NPT
      US, Russia, China, France, and Britain
      Limit the spread of Nuclear Power
      1970
      189 members
      5 of them are recognized as Nuclear Power states
      Four non-parties to the treaty are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons. India, Pakistan, and North Korea
    • Petro Power Demographics
      Russia - Resources of oil and natural Gas
      Brazil – Biodiesel
      Japan – development of new technologies for energy efficiency , alternate and renewable fuels
      China and India - very populated – LABOR
      Russia- declining demographic trends
    • Legitimacy of Power
      Being acknowledged by others to have this power
      THE UN
      Acknowledges only – China, France, Russia Britain and the US
      This no longer reflects the truth of the world’s global Powers
      Now there is Brazil, India, Japan, Germany, and others
    • Soft Power
      Concept introduced by Joseph S. nye Jr. Dean of Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government
      ABILITY TO SHAPE THE PREFERENCES OF OTHERS
      Brazil
      China
    • GLOBAL CHALLENGES
      Energy and Natural Resources
      Climate Change
      Means cutting down production
      Nuclear Weapons
      Some of the NPT signatories like N.Korea and Iran – have started producing Nuclear weapons
      Non-signatories like Israel, India, Pakistan
      Terrorism
      Benefit from IT, globalization
      Conflict of Ideologies
      Democracy vs. Authoritarianism
    • Global Order
      Need to find a new way to govern the world
      After WWII – the winners made the UN security Council but Now there must be a change
      Who plays the role of enforcer if different powers have different views concerning the challenges?
    • Need new financial institutions
      The G-8 can no longer solve financial world problems alone
      Robert Zoellick, president of the World Bank suggested the G-14
      Whether it’s 14 or something else – need the right set of players to fix things up
    • Role of the US in a Multipolar System
      Primacy in military power
      No clash between major powers
      Post American Era
      Embrace the multipolar world
      Return to an isolationist view
    • Collaboration and Recognition
      Use other major powers to collaborate and find solutions to global challenges