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Charlemagne Ppt Charlemagne Ppt Presentation Transcript

  • Charelmagne Main Achievements
  • Who was Charlemagne?
      • Pepin III's son and the inheritor of the Carolingian throne
      • Born in: c. 742
      • Died in: c. 814
      • Crowned king of the Franks in 768
      • Declared Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III in 800 AD
  • Political Achievements
    • United Christian Lands of Western Europe
    • Expanded his empire by defeating the Lombards in Italy, the Avars in central Europe, and the Saxons in Germany.
    • Brought order to the chaotic situation in Europe that lasted for about 400 years.
    • He established a strong system of government by appointing counts, and the Missi Dominici .
    • Drove back the Moors across the Pyrenees and added the "Spanish March" (a buffer zone between Muslim and Christian Europe)
  •  
  • Cultural Achievements
    • 1.  Started a cultural rebirth (renaissance) in Western Europe by :
      • Building libraries.
      • Sponsoring the collection and copying of old Roman manuscripts.
      • Supporting education by appointing scholars such as Alcuin to create a curriculum based on the Roman model.
    • 2.  Helped spread the beliefs and values of the church.
      • He produced a readable Bible and sometimes even forced people in his Empire to convert.
  • Effects of his Achievements
      • Charlemagne was crowned and declared Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III. This shows the close relationship that developed between the Church and the Carolingian rulers.
      • 2. He became a role model for many kings in medieval Europe and his name became associated with the cultural rebirth of Europe.