Skin Cancer


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Skin Cancer

  1. 1. <ul><li>SKIN CANCER </li></ul><ul><li>CHAPTER 3 PRESENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>SAMSON VAS </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands and arms. </li></ul><ul><li>Another type of skin cancer, melanoma, is more dangerous but less common. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Risk factors for skin cancer <ul><li>Fair skin </li></ul><ul><li>Age 50 or older, although the damage from excess sun exposure starts in childhood and accumulates through out life </li></ul><ul><li>Living in the South where the sun is more intense </li></ul><ul><li>Regularly outside during the midday sun (10 am to 4 pm) when the sun exposure is most intense </li></ul><ul><li>Skin is usually unprotected when exposed to the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Family history of melanoma </li></ul><ul><li>History of severe sunburn in childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Have many moles and freckles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Skin Phototype <ul><li>The risk of developing skin cancer among other factors highly depends on your skin type. In 1975, Fitzpatrick, a respected dermatologist created a standard for classifying individuals according to their skin color and burning and tanning responses to sun light exposure. Basically a low number means a higher risk. </li></ul><ul><li>However, there are people with skin type 3 who develop skin cancer and even people with naturally dark skin can also develop skin cancer. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Skin Phototype
  6. 7. ABCDEs of melanoma skin cancer
  7. 8. Examples of skin cancer
  8. 9. Types of skin cancer
  9. 11. Strategies for preventing skin cancer <ul><li>Limit exposure of the skin to intense, midday sun (10 am to 4 pm) </li></ul><ul><li>When in bright sun wear protective clothing (hat, long sleeves) and wear sun block (SPF 15-30). Pay special attention to your head, a bald spot, top of your ears, nose, hands, and arms. You may need to reapply sunscreen occasionally if it washes off or wears off with activity or swimming. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the signs of skin cancer so if it develops you can spot it early and get it treated. </li></ul><ul><li>If high risk, check your skin surfaces monthly and ask your doctor to look over your skin for possible development of skin cancers or suspicious lesions yearly. </li></ul><ul><li>There is some preliminary evidence that avoiding a high fat diet may be beneficial in reducing the risk for skin cancer. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Detecting skin cancer <ul><li>Skin cancer warning signs: </li></ul><ul><li>A new growth or a sore that doesn't heal in two weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>A smooth shiny, pale, or waxy lump. </li></ul><ul><li>A firm red lump, sometimes with bleeding or a crusty surface. </li></ul><ul><li>A flat, red spot that is rough, dry, or scaly. </li></ul><ul><li>A mole that has one half shaped differently from the other half. </li></ul><ul><li>A growth with an irregular border and/or containing colors that can include black, tan, blue, white, or red. </li></ul><ul><li>A growth that is larger than six millimeters (the size of a pencil eraser). </li></ul>