Turkish Education System

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Turkish Education System

  1. 1. TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
  2. 2. THE GENERAL BASIS OF TURKISH EDUCATION <ul><li>Constitution of Turkish Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Laws Regulating Education </li></ul><ul><li>Government Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Development Plans </li></ul><ul><li>National Education Councils </li></ul>
  3. 3. EDUCATION PRINCIPLES <ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>Republican </li></ul><ul><li>Secular </li></ul><ul><li>Have a scientific foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate generality and equality </li></ul><ul><li>Functional and modern </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE PURPOSE OF TURKISH EDUCATOIN SYSTEM <ul><li>to increase the welfare and happiness of the Turkish citizens and Turkish society. </li></ul><ul><li>to support and facilitate economic, social and cultural development in national unity and integration </li></ul><ul><li>to make the Turkish nation a constructive, creative and distinguished partner in modern civilization. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM <ul><li>FORMAL EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>NON-FORMAL EDUCATION </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is “Formal Education”? <ul><li>Formal education is the regular education of individuals in a certain age group and given in schools at the same level with programs prepared for definite purposes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>FORMAL EDUCATION INCLUDES : </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Primary education </li></ul><ul><li>primary education </li></ul><ul><li>secondary education </li></ul><ul><li>higher education institutions . </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION 36-72 Months
  9. 9. The purpose of Pre-Primary education <ul><li>to ensure physical, mental and sensory development of children </li></ul><ul><li>to prepare children for primary education </li></ul><ul><li>to create a common atmosphere of growth for those living in inconvenient circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>to ensure that Turkish is spoken correct and well. </li></ul>
  10. 14. PRIMARY EDUCATION <ul><li>Primary education is given to the children between the ages of 6-14. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary education institutions provide eight years of uninterrupted education </li></ul>
  11. 15. The purose of the primary education <ul><li>to ensure that every Turkish child acquires the basic knowledge, skills, behaviors, and habits . </li></ul><ul><li>to become a good citizen, is raised in line with the national moral concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>to prepare for life and next education level. </li></ul>
  12. 22. SECONDARY EDUCATION
  13. 23. The purpose of secondary education <ul><li>to give students a minimum common culture </li></ul><ul><li>to identify individual and social problems </li></ul><ul><li>to raise awareness in order to contribute to the socio-economic and cultural development of the country </li></ul><ul><li>to prepare the students for higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills. </li></ul>
  14. 28. HIGHER EDUCATION <ul><li>universities </li></ul><ul><li>Faculties </li></ul><ul><li>institutes </li></ul><ul><li>higher education schools </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatories </li></ul><ul><li>vocational higher education schools and application-research centers </li></ul>
  15. 29. The purpose of higher education <ul><li>to raise the students in line with their interests and skills, in conformance to the science policy of the country and in consideration of qualified manpower needs of society at several levels </li></ul>
  16. 30. <ul><li>to do researches in scientific areas, </li></ul><ul><li>to arrange for all kinds of publications that show the research and examination results </li></ul>
  17. 31. <ul><li>SOME UNIVERSITIES TAKING PART AMONG THE LEADING UNIVERSITIES IN THE WORLD!!!!!! </li></ul>
  18. 32. Boğaziçi University
  19. 33. Istanbul Technical University
  20. 34. Middle East Technical University(MTU)
  21. 35. Bilkent University
  22. 36. Hacettepe University
  23. 37. Ankara University
  24. 38. Istanbul University
  25. 39. Ege University
  26. 40. What is “Non-Formal Education?” <ul><li>Nonformal education is instruction that is not obligatory and structured and is learned outside the context of a formal school </li></ul>
  27. 41. The purpose of Nonformal Education <ul><li>to provide continuing education opportunities for students to finish their incomplete education </li></ul><ul><li>to teach people from various professions the knowledge and skills they need to improve themselves </li></ul><ul><li>to provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful way. </li></ul>
  28. 42. <ul><li>to give education that protects, improves, introduces and comprises our national cultural values </li></ul><ul><li>to teach balanced nutrition and a healthy life style </li></ul>
  29. 43. Non-formal education institutions include <ul><li>Public training centers </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticeship training centers </li></ul><ul><li>Applied schools of art for girls </li></ul><ul><li>Maturation institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational education centers </li></ul><ul><li>Technical training centers for adults </li></ul><ul><li>Education and application schools </li></ul><ul><li>Private classes </li></ul><ul><li>Private courses </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial applied schools of art </li></ul><ul><li>Science and art centers </li></ul><ul><li>Open primary education </li></ul><ul><li>  Open high schools </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational and technical open school s </li></ul>

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