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The National Hero
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The National Hero

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  • 1. THE NATIONAL HERO MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
  • 2. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic and its first President, stands as a towering figure of the 20th Century. Among the great leadersof history, few have achieved so much in so short period, transformed the life of a nation decisively, and given such profound inspiration to the world at large.
  • 3. Atatürk’s Life
    • He was born in 1881 (probably in the spring) in Salonica, then an Ottoman city, now in Greece .
    In 1905, Mustafa Kemal graduated from the War Academy in Istanbul with the rank of Staff Captain .
  • 4. In 1915, when Dardanelles campaign was launched, Colonel Mustafa Kemal became a national hero by winning successive victories and finally repelling the invaders
  • 5. On May 19, 1919 Mustafa Kemal Pasha landed in Samsun to start the War of Independence. İt was basis for the new national effort for independence !!
  • 6. The Turkish Grand National Assembly
    • On April 23, 1920, the Grand National Assembly was inaugurated. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was elected to its Presidency .
  • 7. It was given as a holiday to Turkish children by Mustafa Kemal.
  • 8. In 1979, this holiday became International Children’s Day.
  • 9. Turkish Republic
    • On October 29, the Republic was proclaimed and Mustafa Kemal Pasha was unanimously elected President of the Republic.
  • 10.
    • The account of Atatürk's fifteen year Presidency is a saga of dramatic modernization..
  • 11. With indefatigable determination, he
    • Created a new political and legal system,
    • abolished the Caliphate and made both government and education secular,
    • gave equal rights to women, changed the alphabet and the attire,
    • advanced the arts and the sciences, agriculture and industry
  • 12. On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his legacy to his people and to the world endures.

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