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Law &   Order
Nine Steps to Success in the Free Response Section of the A.P. Examination
The  Crime  Scene
1. Take Inventory
1. Take Inventory <ul><li>Assess the crime scene and inventory all of the evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>List all relevant in...
2. The Prompt
2. The Prompt <ul><li>Develop a preliminary hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the question carefully and determine exactl...
3. Brief Outline
3. Brief Outline <ul><li>Interview any witnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down as much basic information as you can for fu...
Opening Arguments
4. Thesis
4. Thesis Statement “ Tell them what you are going to say, …”  Make it arguable and be sure it can stand alone.
Question: <ul><li>Should my students  </li></ul><ul><li>high-light   </li></ul><ul><li>their thesis statements? </li></ul>...
5. Set Scene
Presenting Your Case Your middle paragraphs
6. The Evidence
6. The Evidence <ul><li>Three or more facts per argument </li></ul><ul><li>Develop logically & chronologically </li></ul><...
Question: <ul><li>Is it wise to take a  controversial position  on a question? </li></ul><ul><li>Probably not . The reader...
7. Idiot Paragraph
7. Concession Statement Explain the fundamental argument of the defense attorney. Then refute it.
Editorial Comment <ul><li>This is the second critical paragraph. A good concession statement demonstrates a command of an ...
8. Closing Arguments
8. Closing Arguments Build on you concession statement and reiterate the strengths of your position.
The Intangibles
Burnish or … <ul><li>“ You never get a second chance to make a first impression.” </li></ul>
Common Errors <ul><li>Spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>Arrows / lines </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Color ...
Common Errors <ul><li>Arrogant  or immature commentary   </li></ul><ul><li>There is a time and a place for this. The A.P. ...
Fatigue Factor <ul><li>It is hard to describe how tired you get while reading these essays. Anything which acts as an irri...
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Lawandorder

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Transcript of "Lawandorder"

  1. 1. Law & Order
  2. 2. Nine Steps to Success in the Free Response Section of the A.P. Examination
  3. 3. The Crime Scene
  4. 4. 1. Take Inventory
  5. 5. 1. Take Inventory <ul><li>Assess the crime scene and inventory all of the evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>List all relevant information that comes to mind about the topic at hand. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. The Prompt
  7. 7. 2. The Prompt <ul><li>Develop a preliminary hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the question carefully and determine exactly what the author is asking for. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3. Brief Outline
  9. 9. 3. Brief Outline <ul><li>Interview any witnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down as much basic information as you can for further investigation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Opening Arguments
  11. 11. 4. Thesis
  12. 12. 4. Thesis Statement “ Tell them what you are going to say, …” Make it arguable and be sure it can stand alone.
  13. 13. Question: <ul><li>Should my students </li></ul><ul><li>high-light </li></ul><ul><li>their thesis statements? </li></ul><ul><li>No. It is a distraction and some readers find it patronizing. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 5. Set Scene
  15. 15. Presenting Your Case Your middle paragraphs
  16. 16. 6. The Evidence
  17. 17. 6. The Evidence <ul><li>Three or more facts per argument </li></ul><ul><li>Develop logically & chronologically </li></ul><ul><li>Cite your sources </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question: <ul><li>Is it wise to take a controversial position on a question? </li></ul><ul><li>Probably not . The readers do not know the student and such essays often read poorly. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 7. Idiot Paragraph
  20. 20. 7. Concession Statement Explain the fundamental argument of the defense attorney. Then refute it.
  21. 21. Editorial Comment <ul><li>This is the second critical paragraph. A good concession statement demonstrates a command of an alternative view on the issue and allows for a smooth transition into the conclusion. </li></ul>
  22. 22. 8. Closing Arguments
  23. 23. 8. Closing Arguments Build on you concession statement and reiterate the strengths of your position.
  24. 24. The Intangibles
  25. 25. Burnish or … <ul><li>“ You never get a second chance to make a first impression.” </li></ul>
  26. 26. Common Errors <ul><li>Spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>Arrows / lines </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Color </li></ul><ul><li>Readers will expect your students to write properly and punish those who don’t </li></ul>
  27. 27. Common Errors <ul><li>Arrogant or immature commentary </li></ul><ul><li>There is a time and a place for this. The A.P. Test is not one of these. Use good judgment. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Fatigue Factor <ul><li>It is hard to describe how tired you get while reading these essays. Anything which acts as an irritant can adversely impact the score. </li></ul>
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