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Vasco da Gama By: Rick Martell and Rebecca Randle
Background Information -Born in about 1460 in Sines, Portugal -Died in 1524 -His nationality was Portuguese -He probably attended school in the town of Évora -he became a naval officer in 1492
Purpose of Expedition -to find a sea route to Asia -the land routes were blocked by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 -the land routes were also blocked by wars along the way
Route of Expedition -Crew size was 150 men -At the end of the voyage only 70 men were left -In 1498 sailed down south around South Africa and up north-east to Asia -Landed in Calicut and Goa, India in May, 1498 -He returned to Portugal in August 1498
Hardships Faced Scurvy broke out 2 times on his voyage once on the way there and once on the way back because of lack of fruit and vegetables The ships were separated off West Africa in a storm and reached Portugal at different times. Da Gama stopped in the Azores and finaly reached Libson on Sept 9, 1499
When the ruler in Mozambique came aboard he was expected to be honoured with valuable gifts, but all they could offer him was trinkets and clothing, so they will not let da Gama and his men come ashore to get water. Then da Gama lost his temper and fired at the Arabs
Other Notable Occurrences Vasco da Gama became a captain himself at the age of 20 He got the chance to go to sea at the age of 15 He killed many innocent Indians His flag was the Sao Gabriel The two other ships in the fleet were the Sao Rafael and the Berrio The forth larger vessel, the Sao Maria, was the store ship The Sao Maria was destroyed The Sao Rafael was beached on the coast of Africa, the the ship was set afire Only the Barrio and the Sao Gabriel made it home to Portugal
Historical Contributions Found the first all water sea route Asia (India) Second person to round the Cape of Good Hope He was the first person to trade with Africa.