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  • 1. FORMER STUDIES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS ON THE HISTORIC CENTRE OF BUCHAREST which may be related to the “HERA” project Maria BOSTENARU DAN „ Ion Mincu“ University of Architecture and Urbanism
  • 2. Usability of models
  • 3. Previous studies
    • GIS data
    • Restoration project
    • Study of a street
    • Urbanism plans for the historic centre of „Ion Mincu“ University (without participation of the presenter)
    • Application of the study of a street for emergency planning and of the „safety structure“ for urban analysis
    • Proposals for disaster management provisions in urbanism plans
  • 4. Previous studies
    • Karlsruhe, Germany (cooperation with Romania)
    • Bucharest, Romania
    • Known studies of urban planning applications for disaster management in
      • Istanbul, Turkey
      • Crotone, Italy
      • Nice, France (RISK-UE, also involving Romania)
  • 5.
    • GIS data gathered in april 2000 within the SFB 461 (German Research Foundation) project „Strong earthquakes“
      • Maria Bostenaru Dan – research assistant
        • Compilation of the form
        • Leading student team
      • Includes part of the historic centre from the HERA project
      • Largest part: the N-S boulevard with Modernist buildings
      • Data available for the doctorate of Maria Bostenaru
  • 6.
    • Restoration project done as a student at then „Ion Mincu“ Architecture Institute for the historic area of Lipscani street
      • Highlights need of 3D information
      • Restoration can be extended to integrated conservation regarding the interdisciplinarity of architecture and urbanism
  • 7.
    • Study of Col ţ ea street, on the other side of the boulevard as the historic centre, done as a student at then „Ion Mincu“ Architecture Institute
      • Integrated in the doctorate research at Universität Karlsruhe
      • Paper for Natural Hazards‘ and Earth System Sciences about the importance of zoning for risk management
  • 8. Study in course
    • HERA project „Multihazard and vulnerability in the seismic context of the city of Bucharest“
    • Part of the University of Bucharest team
    • Architectural vulnerability
      • Typological view instead of sub-zone view (for building types in Bucharest see )
      • Vulnerability as a result of urban planning decisions (type of parcels, disposition of high buildings in the centre with site effects etc)
  • 9.
    • SFB 461 project
    • Karlsruhe, Germany
    • on Vrancea earthquakes and Bucharest
    GIS and disaster management study of a central zone in Bucharest
  • 10. Whole site studied in SFB 461 - Germany
  • 11. GIS database
    • MS Access database
    • GIS vectorial shapes
    • Photographs
    • Data from field study and maps
      • structure
      • building age
      • height
      • function etc
  • 12.
    • Right: Coltea street
    • Left: northern part of Lipscani street with the site for the restoration project in the following slides
    • The part not included here is more relevant for architectural vulnerability
    Overlaping of the SFB 461 study zone with the one in the HERA project
  • 13.
    • 3D data
      • Height
      • Roof shape
      • Retiring levels
      • (soft storey)
      • Photography for facades or even 3D reconstruction with PhotoModeller or similar software (not yet available from the German part)
  • 14. Roof shape
  • 15. Restoration project in Lipscani street
  • 16.
    • Student restoration project
      • Inclusion of students in larger research of the department (the current department where employed) on the historic centre
    • 3D in a restoration project because
      • Integrated development of more parcels can be choosen
      • The proposed development can have different height
      • The harmony with the height and facades of neighbouring buildings must be thought for
  • 17. Site on Lipscani street
  • 18. Neighbouring building
  • 19. Aerial view of the historic centre
  • 20. Building site on Lipscani street and legend for evaluation of buildings
  • 21. Evaluation of building
  • 22. Evaluation of building
  • 23. Evaluation of building
  • 24. Ground floor of the integrated development
  • 25. First floor of the integrated development
  • 26.
    • Extension over the building with vaults
    Second floor of the integrated development
  • 27. Basement of the integrated development
  • 28.
    • Note the upper extension
  • 29.
    • Note the changes and the relationshiop with the neighbouring building
  • 30. Study of a street
  • 31.
    • The importance of the street as urban element
    • Is representative for a detail urbanism plan
    • More recently during the doctoral study the analysis of the street photography (paper to be written)
    • The image of the street is altered by replacement of buildings after an earthquake strikes or changes in the look after retrofit
      • The problem of memory
  • 32. Study presented in the paper
  • 33.
    • Information on height different of information on number of storeys
    Street profiles
  • 34. Parcours of the street
  • 35.
    • Affected by changes in reconstruction/retrofit of buildings
    Street image analysis
  • 36. Street image analysis
  • 37.
    • Useful also for disaster studies, the mentioned evacuation waysş to be combined with GIS
    Street profile analysis
  • 38.
    • Coltea street
    Example of 3D analysis in urban planning
  • 39. Urbanism plan
  • 40.
    • performed at the university/department of the presenter before her employment and after finishing studies
    • To check permits of including in the study
    Urbanism plans for the historic centre
  • 41.
    • Historic centre
    • Study by Nicolae Lascu and team „Ion Mincu“ University of Architecture and Urbanism Department of History & Theory of Architecture and Heritage Conservation in 2002 -2003
      • not partner in the project
      • maybe for future projects
    • See at:
    • (including documents)
    • (urbanism plan of allowed interventions for the historic centre, including Lipscani and Col ţ ea streets)
  • 42. Future plans
  • 43. Use of 3D for the study of a street, as being representative for an area
      • Present and future: Changes induces by earthquakes
        • Comparison to photography (rendering?)
      • Study of evacuation ways – the area occupied by a building after collapse
        • Also the SFB study contained data on streets for evacuation (emergency planning)
      • Proposal for inclusion in the urban plan regulation of provisions for disasters (Cristina Gociman)
        • Struttura urbana minima, struttura urbana strategica (Crotone project, Italy, Agostino Goretti)
        • Zoning (see also the cited NHESS article)
        • Inclusion of disaster issues in the urban regeneration, restructuring of historic centres (incl. integrated conservation)
  • 44. THANK YOU!