Egyptian Agriculture
Irrigation <ul><li>Inundation (flood) run-off  </li></ul><ul><li>provided most water </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of land drained...
Harvest <ul><li>20 000 – 34 000 acres of cultivated land </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest usually before inundation (May-June) </...
Crops <ul><li>Emmer, wheat, barley (for bread & beer), ‘pekha’ (unknown grain), flax (rope and cloth) </li></ul><ul><li>Pa...
Seasonal Crops <ul><li>Garlic,  </li></ul><ul><li>celery,  </li></ul><ul><li>radishes,  </li></ul><ul><li>lentils,  </li><...
Animal Husbandry <ul><li>Cattle  – well suited to Khmet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horned oxen, hornless oxen, long horned oxen...
<ul><li>Horses  – for the rich only – and never used for carrying goods or ploughing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially used ...
<ul><li>Other: </li></ul><ul><li>Ferrets  – (anti-rodent) </li></ul><ul><li>Cats  – pets (as well as doves, falcons, monke...
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Egyptian Agriculture

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Egyptian Agriculture

  1. 1. Egyptian Agriculture
  2. 2. Irrigation <ul><li>Inundation (flood) run-off </li></ul><ul><li>provided most water </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of land drained naturally by inundation </li></ul><ul><li>Other channels used Shaduf </li></ul>
  3. 3. Harvest <ul><li>20 000 – 34 000 acres of cultivated land </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest usually before inundation (May-June) </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone (except rich/servants) harvested – havesting ‘teams’ travelled between rich estates </li></ul><ul><li>1.5-2.5 million tons of wheat each harvest </li></ul>
  4. 4. Crops <ul><li>Emmer, wheat, barley (for bread & beer), ‘pekha’ (unknown grain), flax (rope and cloth) </li></ul><ul><li>Papyrus (paper, boats, ropes, mats) </li></ul><ul><li>Kiki/castor oil </li></ul>
  5. 5. Seasonal Crops <ul><li>Garlic, </li></ul><ul><li>celery, </li></ul><ul><li>radishes, </li></ul><ul><li>lentils, </li></ul><ul><li>cumin, </li></ul><ul><li>peas, </li></ul><ul><li>fava beans, </li></ul><ul><li>onions, </li></ul><ul><li>chick peas </li></ul><ul><li>Carob, </li></ul><ul><li>lettuce, </li></ul><ul><li>garlic, </li></ul><ul><li>celery, </li></ul><ul><li>radishes, </li></ul><ul><li>lentils, </li></ul><ul><li>cumin, </li></ul><ul><li>coriander, </li></ul><ul><li>peas </li></ul><ul><li>Melons, </li></ul><ul><li>tiger nuts, </li></ul><ul><li>fenugreek, </li></ul><ul><li>dates, </li></ul><ul><li>pomegranates, </li></ul><ul><li>grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>cumin, </li></ul><ul><li>ziziphus, </li></ul><ul><li>carob </li></ul><ul><li>Figs, </li></ul><ul><li>plums, </li></ul><ul><li>watermelon, </li></ul><ul><li>lettuce, </li></ul><ul><li>Colocynth (apple/cucumber), </li></ul><ul><li>leeks, </li></ul><ul><li>melons, </li></ul><ul><li>tiger nuts, </li></ul><ul><li>cucumber, </li></ul><ul><li>fenugreek </li></ul>Spring Winter Autumn Summer
  6. 6. Animal Husbandry <ul><li>Cattle – well suited to Khmet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horned oxen, hornless oxen, long horned oxen (wild) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sheep – black and ‘light’ </li></ul><ul><li>Goats – eaten widely by all classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin used as water containers and floats </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Horses – for the rich only – and never used for carrying goods or ploughing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially used for chariots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War chariot and hunting steed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beasts of Burden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Donkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxen for ploughing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fish – from rivers, ponds and water features </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Other: </li></ul><ul><li>Ferrets – (anti-rodent) </li></ul><ul><li>Cats – pets (as well as doves, falcons, monkeys, ducks, geese) </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs – used for hunting or guarding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not used as pets </li></ul></ul>
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