Battle Of The Bulge


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Battle Of The Bulge

  1. 1. Battle of the Bulge by   Tyler Gibboney  & Marcin Rybarski 
  2. 2. <ul><li> called also Ardennes Offensive, from Ardennes Mountains in Belgium, northern France and Luxembourg.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  ...was the largest land battle of World War II in which the United States participated. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>...was the last major battle for Nazi Germany on the west front. </li></ul><ul><li> was also &quot;Beginning of the End of the War&quot;. </li></ul>Battle of the Bulge
  3. 3. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Began on December 16th, 1944 and last until January 25th, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>During those 40 days German army fought against allied armies of United States of America and Great Britain... </li></ul>Battle of the Bulge
  4. 4. Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>       In December '44 Adolph Hitler come up with the plan of counteroffensive in the west.  </li></ul><ul><li>     Despite fact that nazi generals this idea, Germany attacked Allied on December 16th </li></ul><ul><li>German attack strength is approximate to 200 thousand men, 5 divisions of tanks (approximately 1800) and about 1900 artillery units U.S. Forces got about 80 000 men, about 300 tanks and 350 artillery units. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Battle of the Bulged During whole time of this battle, more than a MILLION men fought in this battle including some 600,000 Germans, 500,000 Americans, and 55,000 British.   American forces were leaded by General Dwight D. Eisenhower Courtney Hodges (1st U.S. Army) George S. Patton (3rd U.S Army)   Germans were leaded by Walther Model Gerd von Rundstedt with major control of Adolph Hittler
  6. 6. Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>Began with a German attack on the morning of December 16, 1944. Under cover of fog the German army managed to push American forces back nearly to the River and surround the town of Bastogne in Belgium. When germans surrounded allied troops, British general McAuliff sent one word reply &quot;Nuts.&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>Battle was very often affected by the weather. Snow and freeze caused that trucks had to be run every half hour to keep the oil in them from freezing. Weapons froze and became impossible to shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>The temperature during January 1945 was the coldest on record, and casualties from exposure to the cold grew as large as the losses from fighting. But on the other hand snow also helped Germans, who attacked in white uniforms, so they blended in with the snow. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Battle of the Bulge - the Malmedy Massacre <ul><li>On December 17 in 1944 SS force captured an American battalion  About 150 Prisoners of war were disarmed and sent to stand in a field. About 80 men were killed by gunfire, and their bodies were left where they fell. Some prisoners escaped into nearby woods. News spread quickly among Allied soldiers, and an order went out that all SS officers and paratroopers should be shot on sight. The Malmedy Massacre is regarded as the worst atrocity committed against American troops during the course of the war in Europe. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>                                         On December 23, American forces                               began  counterattack on the                                                southern flank of the Bulge. On the                                         beginning of 1945 Germans                                                    launched two new operations to                                            keep the offensive going and                                                create second fronts in Holland                                            and northern France. German air force started campaign against Allied airfields. They succeeded more than 460 aircraft got damaged or destroyed. The Luftwaffe- German Air force sustained though big number of losses about 280 planes.  </li></ul><ul><li>Allied recovered fast from German offensive. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>In second week of January of 1945 Hitler agreed to pull back most of his forces from the Ardennes. On January 8, German troops withdrew from the tip of the Bulge. Their losses were critical. The last of the German reserves were gone, big part of air forces had been broken, and the German army in the west was being pushed back. Also on east front Nazi Germany lost their positions and Soviet Union took the initiative.   Germany's final defeat was only few months ahead. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>In this battle about 19 000 U.S., 200 British and 15 000 German soldiers died. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  The Americans suffered some 75,000 casualties in the Battle of the Bulge, but the Germans lost 80,000 to 100,000. (died, wounded, missing, captured) </li></ul><ul><li>German strength had been irredeemably impaired. </li></ul><ul><li>                                     Also about 3000 civil people died                              during offensive in Ardennes </li></ul>
  12. 12. Citations &quot;Battle of the Bulge.&quot; World War II History Info . Web. 25 Mar. 2010.                 <>.     &quot;Overview - Battle of the Bulge - The United States Army.&quot; The United             States Army Homepage . Web. 25 Mar. 2010. <                /botb/overview.html>.   World War II Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge Association The Ardennes       Offensive . Web. 25 Mar. 2010. <>.     Boyer, Paul S., and Sterling Stuckey. American Nation. Austin, Tex.: Holt,          Rinehart, and Winston, 2005. Print.