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The lost generation finished The lost generation finished Presentation Transcript

  • The Lost Generation By Brigid Clark
  • What it Means: Used to characterize the feeling of disillusionment of American Writers in Europe (especially Paris) during WWI to WWII Refers to the generation of young people who came of age during and shortly after World War I, alos known as the World War I Generation. Lost Generation writers considered America not as great as the world believed because the country was devoid of a multinational society
  • “You are all a lost generation.” — Ernest Hemingway From The Sun also Rises
  • Writers of the Lost Generation Ernest Hemingway F. Scott Fitzgerald John Dos Passos Archibald MacLeish E.E. Cummings Ezra Pound Sherwood Anderson John Steinback
  • Ernest Hemingway Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Illinois. He was an American writer and journalist. During his lifetime he had 7 novels, 6 collections of short stories, and 2 works of non-fiction published, with a further 3 novels and 4 collections of short stories published posthumously. Hemingway's distinctive writing style had an enormous influence on 20th-century fiction. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and his career peaked in 1954 when he won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature. He died on July 2, 1961. Works Impact
  • Works Novels (1926) The Torrents of Spring (1926) The Sun Also Rises (1929) A Farewell to Arms (1937) To Have and Have Not (1940) For Whom the Bell Tolls (1950) Across the River and Into the Trees (1952) The Old Man and the Sea (1970) Islands in the Stream (1986) The Garden of Eden (1999) True at First Light Collections (1923) Three Stories and Ten Poems (1925) In Our Time (1927) Men Without Women (1933) Winner Take Nothing (1936) The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1938) The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1969) The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War (1972) The Nick Adams Stories (1987) The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway (1995) Everyman's Library: The Collected Stories Stage Plays (1961) A Short Happy Life (1967) The Hemingway Hero (working title was: Of Love and Death)
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald Francis Scott Fitzgerald was born on September 24, 1896 in St. Paul, Minnesota. He was an American author of novels and short stories, whose works are representative of the Jazz Age, a term he actually created. Fitzgerald's work has inspired writers since its publication. J.D. Salinger even saw himself as “Fitzgerald’s successor”. Fitzgerald died on December 21, 1940. Works Impact
  • Works Novels This Side of Paradise (New York: Charles Short Stories Scribner's Sons, 1920) Bernice Bobs Her Hair (Short Story, 1920) The Beautiful and Damned (New York: Head and Shoulders (Short Story, 1920) Scribner, 1922) The Ice Palace (Short Story, 1920) The Great Gatsby (New York: Scribner, 1925) May Day (Novelette, 1920) Tender Is the Night (New York: Scribner, 1934) The Offshore Pirate (Short Story, 1920) The Last Tycoon (New York: Scribners, published The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (Short posthumously, 1941) Story, 1921) Short Story Collections The Diamond as Big as the Ritz (Novella, 1922) Flappers and Philosophers (Short Story Winter Dreams (Short Story, 1922) Collection, 1920) Dice, Brassknuckles & Guitar (Short Story, 1923) Tales of the Jazz Age (Short Story The Rich Boy (Short Story, 1926) Collection, 1922) The Freshest Boy (Short Story, 1928) All the Sad Young Men (Short Story Magnetism (Short Story 1928) Collection, 1926) A New Leaf (Short Story, 1931) Taps at Reveille (Short Story Collection, 1935) Babylon Revisited (Short story, 1931) Other Crazy Sunday (Short Story, 1932) The Vegetable, or From President to The Fiend (Short Story, 1935) Postman (play, 1923) The Bridal Party (Short Story) The Crack-Up (essays, 1945) The Baby Party (Short Story) The Lost Decade (Short Story, 1938)
  • John Dos Passos John Dos Passos, born on January 14, 1869, in Chicago, Illinois, was an American novelist and artist. Passos wrote forty-two novels, as well as poems, essays, and plays, and created more than 400 pieces of art. Passos' revolutionary works of fiction were major influence in American literture. In an 1936 essay, Joe Sartre referred to Dos Passos as "the greatest writer of our time". Passos died on September 28, 1970. Works Impact
  • Works The Grand Design (1949) One Man's Initiation: 1917 (1920) Chosen Country (1951) Three Soldiers (1921) Most Likely to Succeed (1954) A Pushcart at the Curb (1922) The Head and Heart of Thomas Jefferson (1954) Rosinante to the Road Again (1922) The Men Who Made the Nation (1957) Streets of Night (1923) The Great Days (1958) Manhattan Transfer (1925) Prospects of a Golden Age (1959) Facing the Chair (1927) Midcentury (1961) Orient Express (1927) Mr. Wilson's War (1962) U.S.A. (1938). Three-volume set includes Brazil on the Move (1963) The 42nd Parallel (1930) The Best Times: An Informal Memoir (1966) Nineteen Nineteen (1932) The Shackles of Power (1966) The Big Money (1936) World in a Glass - A View of Our Century From the The Ground we Stand On (1949) Novels of John Dos Passos (1966) District of Columbia (1952). Three-volume set The Portugal Story (1969) includes Century's Ebb: The Thirteenth Chronicle (1970) Adventures of a Young Man (1939) Easter Island: Island of Enigmas (1970) Number One (1943) Lettres à Germaine Lucas Championnière (2007) - only in French
  • E.E.Cummings Edward Estlin Cummings was born on October 14, 1894 in Cambridge, Massachusettes. He was an American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright. His work consists of 3,000 poems, 2 autobiographical novels, 4 plays and several essays. Despite Cummings' use of avant-garde style, his work is usually conventional. Cummings' poetry often deals with themes of love and nature, as well as the relationship of the individual to the masses and to the world. Cummings died on September 3 1962. Works Impact
  • Works The Enormous Room (1922), a novel Tulips and Chimneys (1923) & (1925) (self-published) XLI Poems (1925) is 5 (1926) HIM (1927) (a play) ViVa (1931) Eimi (1933) No Thanks (1935) Collected Poems (1960) 50 Poems (1940) 1 × 1 (1944) XAIPE: Seventy-One Poems (1950) i—six nonlectures (1953) Harvard University Press Poems, 1923-1954 (1954) 95 Poems (1958) 73 Poems (1963) (posthumous) Fairy Tales (1965) (posthumous)
  • Archibald MacLeish Archibald MacLeish, born on May 7, 1892, in Glencoe, Illinois, was an American poet, writer and the Librarian of Congress. He is associated with the Modernist school of poetry. He received three Pulitzer Prizes for his work. MacLeish worked to promote the arts, culture, and libraries. In 1923 MacLeish moved to Paris where they joined a group of literary refugees including Ernest Hemingway, Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Dos Passos Fernand Léger, Pablo Picasso, Dorothy Parker and Robert Benchley. MacLeish died on April 20, 1982. Works Impact
  • Works Tower of Ivory. (1917) Happy Marriage and Other Poems (1924). The Pot of Earth. (1925) Streets of the Earth. (1926) The Hamlet of A. MacLeish. (1928) Conquistador. (1932) Frescoes for Mr. Rockefeller's City. (1933) Panic. (1935) Public Speech. (1936) The Fall of the City.(1937) Air Raid. (1938) America Was Promises. (1939) The Irresponsibles. (1940) The American Cause and A Time to Speak. (1941) Active and Other Poems. (1948) Poetry and Opinions. (1950) Collected Poems, 1917-1952. (1952) J.B. (1958)
  • Ezra Pound Ezra Loomis Pound was born on October 30, 1885, and was a well known American poet, critic and intellectual, and was a major figure of the Modernist movement in the first half of the 20th century. He is considered by many to be the poet responsible for defining a modernist visual in poetry. In the 1920s, Pound began exchanging ideas between popular ?British and American writers, and became well-known for his advancement of writers such as Robert Frost, William Carlos Williams, Ernest Hemingway and James Joyce. Pound contributed Imagism to his poetry, which emphasized precision and exactness in his work. Pound’s goal was to give his poetry a musical tone, rather than the typical metronome. Pound died on November 1, in the year 1972. Works Impact
  • Works 1930 Imaginary Letters, essays 1908 A Lume Spento, poems (Venice) 1931 How to Read, essays 1908 A Quinzaine for This Yule, poems (London). 1937 The Fifth Decade of Cantos, poems (London) 1909 Personae, poems (London) 1937 Polite Essays, essays 1909 Exultations, poems (London) 1937 Digest of the Analects, by Confucius, translation 1910 Provenca, poems (Boston) 1938 Culture, essays 1910 The Spirit of Romance, essays (London) 1939 What Is Money For?, essays 1911 Canzoni, poems (London) 1940 Cantos LII-LXXI, poems 1912 Ripostes, poems (London) 1944 Introduzione alla Natura Economica degli 1916 "The Lake Isle", poem S.U.A., prose 1916 Lustra, poems. 1947 Confucius: the Unwobbling pivot & the Great 1917 Twelve Dialogues of Fontenelle, translations digest, translation 1928 A Draft of the Cantos 17–27, poems 1949 Elektra (started in 1949, first performed 1987), a 1928 Selected Poems, edited by T. S. play by Ezra Pound and Rudd Fleming Eliot (London) 1956 Sophocles: The Women of Trachis. A Version by 1928 Ta hio, the great learning, newly rendered Ezra Pound, translation (London) into the American language, translation 1959 Thrones: 96–109 de los Cantares, poems 1930 A Draft of XXX Cantos, poems (New York) (Milan) 1968 Drafts and Fragments: Cantos CX- CXVII, poems
  • Sherwood Anderson Sherwood Anderson was an American novelist and short story writer born in September 13, 1876. He has influenced a variety of artists, including Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, and John Steinbeck. He is most famous for his collection of short stories known as Winesburg, Ohio (1919). His themes are comparable to those many modernist writers, and include Anderson did on March 8, 1941 in South America. His epitaph reads, "Life, Not Death, is the Great Adventure." Works Impact
  • Windy McPherson's Son, (1916, novel) Works Marching Men, (1917, novel) Dreiser: A Biography, (1936, non-fiction) Winesburg, Ohio, (1919, novel) Winesburg and Others, (1937, play) Poor White, (1920, novel) Home Town, (1940, novel) Triumph of the Egg, (1921, short stories) San Francisco at Christmas, (1940, memoirs) Many Marriages, (1923, novel) Lives of Animals, (1966, novel) Horses and Men, (1923, short stories) Return to Winesburg, Ohio, (1967, essays) A Story-Teller's Story, (1924, semi- The Memoirs of Sherwood Anderson, (1968, memoirs) autobiographical novel) No Swank, (1970, novel) Sherwood Anderson's Memoirs, (1924, memoirs) Perhaps Women, (1970, novel) An Exhibition of Paintings By Alfred H. The Buck Fever Papers, (1971, essays) Maurer, (1924, non-fiction) Ten Short Plays, (1972, plays) Dark Laughter, (1925, novel) Sherwood Anderson and Gertrude Stein: Correspondence and A Meeting South, (1925, novel) Personal Essays, (1972, essays) Modern Writer, (1925, non-fiction) Nearer the Grass Roots, (1976, novel) Tar: A Midwest Childhood, (1926, semi- The Writer at His Craft, (1978, non-fiction) autobiographical novel) Paul Rosenfeld: Voyager in the Arts, (1978, nonfiction) Sherwood Anderson's Notebook, (1926, memoirs)The Teller's Tale, (1982, novel) Hello Towns, (1929, non-fiction) Selected Letters: 1916 – 1933, (1984, letters) Alice: The Lost Novel, (1929, novel) Writer's Diary: 1936–1941, (1987, memoir) Onto Being Published, (1930, non-fiction) Early Writings of Sherwood Anderson, (1989, short stories) Beyond Desire, (1932, novel) Love Letters to Eleanor Copenhaver Anderson, (1990, letters) Death in the Woods, (1933, short stories) The Selected Short Stories of Sherwood Anderson, (1995, short Puzzled America, (1935, essays) stories) Kit Brandon, (1936, novel) Southern Odyssey: Selected Writings By Sherwood Anderson, (1998, short stories)
  • John Steinback John Steinbeck was an American writer. He wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Grapes of Wrath (1939) and the novel Of Mice and Men (1937). He wrote sixteen novels and five collections of short stories. In 1962, Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Many of Steinbeck's works are on required reading lists in American high schools. Yet, coincidentally, The Grapes of Wrath has been censored out of many high school reading lists. In his novels, Steinbeck uses gorgeous imagery to convey real characters that possess traits that represent society at large. Steinbeck died on December 20, 1968. Works Impact
  • Works Cup of Gold (1927) The Wayward Bus (1947) The Pastures of Heaven (1932) The Pearl (1947) The Red Pony (1933) A Russian Journal (1948) To a God Unknown (1933) Burning Bright (1950) Tortilla Flat (1935) The Log from the Sea of Cortez (1951) In Dubious Battle (1936) East of Eden (1952) The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Sweet Thursday (1954) Grapes of Wrath (1936) The Short Reign of Pippin IV: A Of Mice and Men (1937) Fabrication (1957) The Long Valley (1938) Once There Was A War (1958) The Grapes of Wrath (1939) The Winter of Our Discontent (1961) The Forgotten Village (1941) Travels with Charley: In Search of Sea of Cortez: A Leisurely Journal of America (1962) Travel and Research (1941) America and Americans (1966) The Moon Is Down (1942) Journal of a Novel: The East of Eden Bombs Away: The Story of a Bomber Letters (1969) Team (1942) Viva Zapata! (1975) Cannery Row (1945) The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights (1976)
  • IMPACT America's awareness of its lack of cosmopolitanism helped establish America’s culture as it is today. As American customs became more defined, European and other countries recognized America as a distinctive culture and nation. Beyond this, the novels of the Lost Generation give insight into the American life during the 1920s