Greek and Roman Gods

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Twelve Gods that were part of the Greek and then the Roman Pantheons.

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Greek and Roman Gods

  1. 1. Zeus King of the Gods Defeated Titans Held power over the weather, and holds power over both the sky and the land of the earth. Depicted as a mature bearded man, but also appeared in other forms when visiting the mortal realm. The lightening bolt was his symbol.
  2. 2. Hera Queen of the Gods Wife & Sister to Zeus Goddess of women, marriage, nurses, the sky and the heavens. Depicted as a beautiful woman holding a lotus-tipped staff She was called upon by women on their wedding nights, during childbirth, and to gain revenge on their erring husbands.
  3. 3. Hades <ul><li>Lord of the underworld and the dead, presiding over funerals and defending the right to proper burial </li></ul><ul><li>He is also the god of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>He is brother to Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>He helped Zeus defeat </li></ul><ul><li>the Titans </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted as a regal man </li></ul><ul><li>with a dark beard </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aphrodite Goddess of beauty, love, pleasure, procreation. Depicted as a beautiful young woman, usually with the winged Eros. Her symbols were apples, scalloped shells, doves, and mirrors. Her birth.
  5. 5. Artemis <ul><li>Goddess of hunting, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, and girl-children until they marry. </li></ul><ul><li>She is often depicted as a young girl in a knee length chiton, with a bow and arrow. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ares <ul><li>Lord of war, battle lust, civil order, and manly courage. </li></ul><ul><li>He is depicted either as a bearded man in battle or a young beardless man carrying a spear wearing a helm. </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols are the spear and helm, shields. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Apollo Lord of the prophecy and oracles, plagues and disease, healing, music, songs, poetry, archery, protector of the young. He is always depicted as a young beardless man. He was thought to carry the sun across the sky with his golden chariot. Symbols include laurel leaves, ravens, bows and arrows, lyres.
  8. 8. Hermes God of animal husbandry, roads, travel, hospitality, heralds, diplomacy, trade, thievery, language, writing, persuasion, cunning wiles, athletic contests, gymnasiums, astronomy, and astrology. Depicted as a handsome and athletic, beardless youth, or as an older bearded man. His attributes included the herald's wand, winged boots, and sometimes a traveling cloak.
  9. 9. Athena Goddess of wise council, war, defender of cities, heroic endeavors, pottery, weaving Her birth She is depicted as a young woman, armed, and wearing a cloak adorned with snakes and the head of the gorgon. City of Athens is named for her.
  10. 10. Poseidon God of the sea, rivers, flood and drought, earthquakes, and horses. He is brother to Zeus He helped Zeus defeat the Titans Depicted as a mature man with a dark beard. Symbol was a trident.
  11. 11. Hestia <ul><li>Goddess of the hearth and the home. </li></ul><ul><li>She watched over the cooking of bread and the preparation of the family meal. </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted as a modestly veiled woman sometimes holding a flowered branch. </li></ul><ul><li>Her symbol was the flower branch, which symbolized her everlasting virginity. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Hephaestus <ul><li>God of fire, metalworking, stonemasonry and the art of sculpture. </li></ul><ul><li>He was called the lame god. </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted as a bearded man holding hammer and tongs and usually riding a donkey. </li></ul><ul><li>His symol was the hammer of the forge. </li></ul>

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