Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010

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CPWF Director, Alain Vidal, says here that research for development efforts should ideally have partners “from plot to policy making”.

And that:

1. Three or more institutional scales needed, good for novelty and diversity of outputs, “scaling-up” and “scaling-out”

2. Changes at one system level are the key that unlocks the other levels

3. Linking of three or more system levels is important for success

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Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010

  1. 1. Partnerships change the wayscience impacts on developmentThe CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and FoodAlain VIDAL, CPWF Director<br />
  2. 2. The Water Crisis in context<br />2-5LDaily<br />20-500LDaily<br />500-3000L<br />Per Kg<br />Vegetarian diet uses 2000 L/day - OR - Grain-fed meat diet 5000 L/day <br />
  3. 3. The water productivity challenge <br /> Do we have enough water resources to grow enough food and meet future demand for biofuels?<br />No… with today’s practices, doubling food production in 2050 would require to almost double agricultural water use<br /> …Unless we change the way we think and act on water issues<br /> A simple and ideal scenario: if we would double the amount of food produced per m3 of water, we would be safe<br />
  4. 4. The resilience challenge<br /> Not only should water productivity be increased…<br /> …but communities and ecosystems producing food should be able to cope with global changes (climate, economy, demography, migrations…), ie becomemore resilient (persistent, adaptable, transformable) <br /> MUS<br />MUS resilience zone<br />Productivity<br />Single uses<br />unstable zone<br />Green water<br />Blue water<br />
  5. 5. CPWF aims to increase water productivity and resilience of social and ecological systems<br />Through its broad partnerships, it conducts research that leads to local impact and political change <br />
  6. 6. CPWF contributes to…<br />Food securityat household level<br />Livelihoods of the poor<br />Health: nutrition, reduced pollution, reduced disease<br />Environment:water quality, sustainability of wetlands<br />
  7. 7. CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF)<br />A reform program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)<br />Joint venture among 18 partners<br />70 research and capacity building projects, as a means to induce integration and broader partnership<br />Over 200 partners, with research in 30 developing countries of 10 river basins<br />Around USD 65 million of investment from 12 donors in 2004-08<br />Second phase 2009-2013; program due to finish 2018<br />
  8. 8. CPWF Consortium Members<br />AREO<br />
  9. 9. How do partnerships change the wayscience impacts on developmentReview from 3 R for D projects<br />
  10. 10. Coastal resource management (Mekong Delta, Vietnam)<br />Zonal sluice gate management allows brackish or fresh water at different times of year<br />Farmer adoption of diverse rice-shrimp-fish production systems<br />Provincial government recognized brackish water as a resource; promoted new systems <br />
  11. 11. Coastal resource management (Mekong Delta, Vietnam)<br />Change from business as usual: Plant science, hydrology and development working together; ideas move to other river basins<br />Social resilience: Several diverse livelihood options adapted to each zone and time of year<br />Ecological resilience: Halt conversion of mangroves to shrimp farms; diverse aquatic organisms in rice fields<br />Biophysical resilience: Rice double cropping buffers climate variation; rotation reduces shrimp disease<br />
  12. 12. Livestock water productivity (Uganda “Cattle Corridor”)<br />Community corralling of cattle for 2 weeks permits pasture establishment<br />Local organizations invest in up-scaling of pasture regeneration <br />Termites destroy any attempt to reseed degraded pasture <br />
  13. 13. Livestock water productivity (Uganda “Cattle Corridor”)<br />Change from business as usual: National and international researchers had equal status; Highly motivated University animal science department took broad systems view<br />Social resilience: Livelihoods stabilized through pasture regeneration and addition of cropping opportunities<br />Ecological resilience: Reclaimed pastures improve water infiltration and storage, decrease erosion<br />Biophysical resilience: Improved land and water management buffers against future shocks<br />
  14. 14. Multiple use water systems (8 countries, 5 river basins)<br />Local government, NGO, CBO and private support to innovation<br />Individual multiple water-use decisions<br />Support of national water policies and laws (eg India)<br />
  15. 15. Multiple use water systems (8 countries, 5 river basins)<br />Change from business as usual: Wide range of experiences gave global legitimacy to the multiple water-use approach<br />Social resilience: Even with a single water source, households and communities can achieve more through multiple-use<br />Ecological resilience: Multiple use often include wetlands, water re-use, and increase biodiversity<br />Biophysical resilience: Backyard and drip-irrigated crops can be produced where there was no previous opportunity<br /> MUS<br />MUS resilience zone<br />Productivity<br />Single uses<br />unstable zone<br />Green water<br />Blue water<br />
  16. 16. How are CSD-17 messages addressed?<br />
  17. 17. Conclusions: Broad partnerships needed in R for D<br />Research for development efforts should ideally have partners “from plot to policy making”<br />Three or more institutional scales needed, good for novelty and diversity of outputs, “scaling-up” and “scaling-out”<br />Changes at one system level are the key that unlocks the other levels<br />Echoes the resilience literature: linking of three or more system levels is important for success<br />
  18. 18. Partnership recommendations for CSD-17<br />Include at least three institutional levels in any R for D effort to get an effective response to the ten CSD-17 criteria<br />The radar diagrams evaluation would be an effective visual evaluation of the 10 criteria for any effort <br />
  19. 19. Thank you<br />Alain Vidal, CPWF Directora.vidal@cgiar.org<br />www.waterandfood.org<br />
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