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Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010
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Partnerships_UN_CSD_2010

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CPWF Director, Alain Vidal, says here that research for development efforts should ideally have partners “from plot to policy making”. …

CPWF Director, Alain Vidal, says here that research for development efforts should ideally have partners “from plot to policy making”.

And that:

1. Three or more institutional scales needed, good for novelty and diversity of outputs, “scaling-up” and “scaling-out”

2. Changes at one system level are the key that unlocks the other levels

3. Linking of three or more system levels is important for success

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Transcript

  • 1. Partnerships change the wayscience impacts on developmentThe CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and FoodAlain VIDAL, CPWF Director
  • 2. The Water Crisis in context
    2-5LDaily
    20-500LDaily
    500-3000L
    Per Kg
    Vegetarian diet uses 2000 L/day - OR - Grain-fed meat diet 5000 L/day
  • 3. The water productivity challenge
    Do we have enough water resources to grow enough food and meet future demand for biofuels?
    No… with today’s practices, doubling food production in 2050 would require to almost double agricultural water use
    …Unless we change the way we think and act on water issues
    A simple and ideal scenario: if we would double the amount of food produced per m3 of water, we would be safe
  • 4. The resilience challenge
    Not only should water productivity be increased…
    …but communities and ecosystems producing food should be able to cope with global changes (climate, economy, demography, migrations…), ie becomemore resilient (persistent, adaptable, transformable)
    MUS
    MUS resilience zone
    Productivity
    Single uses
    unstable zone
    Green water
    Blue water
  • 5. CPWF aims to increase water productivity and resilience of social and ecological systems
    Through its broad partnerships, it conducts research that leads to local impact and political change
  • 6. CPWF contributes to…
    Food securityat household level
    Livelihoods of the poor
    Health: nutrition, reduced pollution, reduced disease
    Environment:water quality, sustainability of wetlands
  • 7. CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF)
    A reform program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
    Joint venture among 18 partners
    70 research and capacity building projects, as a means to induce integration and broader partnership
    Over 200 partners, with research in 30 developing countries of 10 river basins
    Around USD 65 million of investment from 12 donors in 2004-08
    Second phase 2009-2013; program due to finish 2018
  • 8. CPWF Consortium Members
    AREO
  • 9. How do partnerships change the wayscience impacts on developmentReview from 3 R for D projects
  • 10. Coastal resource management (Mekong Delta, Vietnam)
    Zonal sluice gate management allows brackish or fresh water at different times of year
    Farmer adoption of diverse rice-shrimp-fish production systems
    Provincial government recognized brackish water as a resource; promoted new systems
  • 11. Coastal resource management (Mekong Delta, Vietnam)
    Change from business as usual: Plant science, hydrology and development working together; ideas move to other river basins
    Social resilience: Several diverse livelihood options adapted to each zone and time of year
    Ecological resilience: Halt conversion of mangroves to shrimp farms; diverse aquatic organisms in rice fields
    Biophysical resilience: Rice double cropping buffers climate variation; rotation reduces shrimp disease
  • 12. Livestock water productivity (Uganda “Cattle Corridor”)
    Community corralling of cattle for 2 weeks permits pasture establishment
    Local organizations invest in up-scaling of pasture regeneration
    Termites destroy any attempt to reseed degraded pasture
  • 13. Livestock water productivity (Uganda “Cattle Corridor”)
    Change from business as usual: National and international researchers had equal status; Highly motivated University animal science department took broad systems view
    Social resilience: Livelihoods stabilized through pasture regeneration and addition of cropping opportunities
    Ecological resilience: Reclaimed pastures improve water infiltration and storage, decrease erosion
    Biophysical resilience: Improved land and water management buffers against future shocks
  • 14. Multiple use water systems (8 countries, 5 river basins)
    Local government, NGO, CBO and private support to innovation
    Individual multiple water-use decisions
    Support of national water policies and laws (eg India)
  • 15. Multiple use water systems (8 countries, 5 river basins)
    Change from business as usual: Wide range of experiences gave global legitimacy to the multiple water-use approach
    Social resilience: Even with a single water source, households and communities can achieve more through multiple-use
    Ecological resilience: Multiple use often include wetlands, water re-use, and increase biodiversity
    Biophysical resilience: Backyard and drip-irrigated crops can be produced where there was no previous opportunity
    MUS
    MUS resilience zone
    Productivity
    Single uses
    unstable zone
    Green water
    Blue water
  • 16. How are CSD-17 messages addressed?
  • 17. Conclusions: Broad partnerships needed in R for D
    Research for development efforts should ideally have partners “from plot to policy making”
    Three or more institutional scales needed, good for novelty and diversity of outputs, “scaling-up” and “scaling-out”
    Changes at one system level are the key that unlocks the other levels
    Echoes the resilience literature: linking of three or more system levels is important for success
  • 18. Partnership recommendations for CSD-17
    Include at least three institutional levels in any R for D effort to get an effective response to the ten CSD-17 criteria
    The radar diagrams evaluation would be an effective visual evaluation of the 10 criteria for any effort
  • 19. Thank you
    Alain Vidal, CPWF Directora.vidal@cgiar.org
    www.waterandfood.org

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