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Ch09 Ch09 Document Transcript

  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 117 Test Form A Name __________________________________________ Date ____________________________ Chapter 9 Class __________________________________________ Section _______________________ 1. Find a unit vector in the direction of v if v is the vector from P 1, 2, 3 to Q 4, 1, 0 . 1 1 1 (a) 3i 3j 3k (b) i j k (c) i j k 3 3 3 1 1 1 (d) i j k (e) None of these 3 3 3 2. Calculate j i. (a) j (b) k (c) k (d) i (e) None of these In problems 3 through 8, let u 3i j 2k, v 2i 3j 2k and w i 2k. 3. Calculate u v. (a) 7 (b) 13 (c) 8, 2, 11 (d) 1 (e) None of these 4. Calculate u v. (a) 4, 10, 11 (b) 8, 2, 11 (c) 7 (d) 4, 10, 11 (e) None of these 5. Calculate u v w. (a) 30 (b) 18i 6j 6k (c) 16 (d) 24 (e) None of these © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 6. Calculate projvu. 7 14 21 14 (a) 17 (b) 17 , 17 , 17 (c) 17 (d) 14, 21, 14 (e) None of these 7. Calculate cos where is the angle between u and v. 7 7 13 13 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) None of these 2 17 238 238 2 17 8. Which of the following vectors is orthogonal to both u and v? (a) k (b) 8i 2j 11k (c) v u (d) w (e) None of these
  • 118 Chapter 9 Vectors and the Geometry of Space 9. Which of the following is an orthogonal pair of vectors? (a) 2i j, i k (b) i j 2k, i j k (c) 3i 2k, 2j k (d) 5i j k, i 2j 3k (e) None of these 10. Which of the following is a set of parametric equations for the line through the points 2, 0, 3 and 4, 3, 3 ? (a) x 2 2t (b) x 2 2t (c) x 2 2t y t y 3t y t z 3 t z 3 z 3 (d) x 2 4t (e) None of these y 3t z 3 3t x y 1 z 1 11. Write an equation of the plane that contains the line given by and is 1 3 2 x 1 y 5 z 3 perpendicular to the line given by . 17 1 7 (a) 17x y 7z 6 0 (b) x 3y 2z 8 0 (c) x 3y 2z 1 0 (d) 17x y 7z 1 0 (e) None of these 12. Which of the following is a sketch of the plane given by 2x y 3z 6? (a) z (b) z 6 3 4 1 1 2 1 4 2 3 2 6 x 3 y x 6 y (c) z (d) z 6 6 4 4 © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 2 4 2 4 6 4 6 x y x 6 y (e) None of these 13. Calculate the distance from the point 1, 2, 3 to the line given by x 2 t, y 1, and z 1 t. 5 3 5 (a) (b) (c) 2 14 14 3 (d) (e) None of these 2
  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 119 14. Find the center and the radius of the sphere given by x2 y2 z2 2x 2y 6z 7 0. (a) Center: 1, 1, 3 (b) Center: 1, 1, 3 (c) Center: 1, 1, 3 Radius: 2 Radius: 37 Radius: 2 (d) Center: 1, 1, 3 (e) None of these Radius: 37 x2 y2 15. Identify the quadric surface given by z . 4 16 (a) Elliptic cone (b) Elliptic paraboloid (c) Hyperbolic paraboloid (d) Hyperboloid of one sheet (e) Hyperboloid of two sheets 16. Identify the quadric surface sketched at the right. z (a) Hyperboloid of two sheets (b) Elliptic paraboloid 2 −4 (c) Hyperboloid of one sheet (d) Elliptic cone 4 2 4 y x (e) None of these 17. Find the equation of the surface of revolution if the generating curve, y 2x 1, is revolved about the y-axis. (a) 4x2 y2 4z2 2y 1 0 (b) 3x2 z2 4x 1 0 (c) 4x2 y2 z2 4x 1 0 (d) 3x2 y2 z2 4x 1 0 (e) None of these 18. Express the cylindrical point 4, , 3 in spherical coordinates. 2 3 (a) 5, , 60 (b) 5, , (c) 5, , 53 2 2 5 2 (d) 5, , 0.93 (e) None of these 2 © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 19. Find an equation in spherical coordinates for the surface given by the rectangular equation x2 y2 z. (a) cot csc (b) r 2 z sec 2 (c) cot csc sec 2 (d) tan csc sec 2 (e) None of these 20. Find the work done in moving a particle from P 3, 1, 0 to Q 2, 3, 1 if the magnitude and direction of the force are given by v 5, 6, 2 . (a) 5 (b) 35 (c) 17 (d) 13 (e) None of these
  • 120 Chapter 9 Vectors and the Geometry of Space Test Form B Name __________________________________________ Date ____________________________ Chapter 9 Class __________________________________________ Section _______________________ 1. Find a unit vector in the direction of v if v is the vector from P 2, 1, 3 to Q 1, 0, 4. (a) i j 7k (b) i j k 1 1 7 1 1 1 (c) i j k (d) i j k 51 51 51 51 51 51 (e) None of these 2. Calculate j k. (a) i (b) k (c) j (d) i (e) None of these In problems 3 through 8, let u i 2j k, v 3i j 4k and w 2j k. 3. Calculate u v. (a) 7, 7, 7 (b) 3 (c) 1, 1, 1 (d) 24 (e) None of these 4. Calculate u v. (a) 7, 7, 7 (b) 3 (c) 1, 1, 1 (d) 24 (e) None of these 5. Calculate u v w. (a) 4 (b) 0 (c) 7 © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. (d) i 8j (e) None of these 6. Calculate the component of u in the direction of v. 24 3 9 (a) (b) (c) 26 26 26 9 3 6 (d) i j k (e) None of these 26 26 13 7. Calculate cos where is the angle between u and v. 9 9 3 (a) (b) (c) 2 26 2 39 2 26 3 (d) (e) None of these 2 39
  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 121 8. Which of the following vectors is orthogonal to both u and w? (a) j (b) w u (c) v (d) 4j k (e) None of these 1 1 1 9. Which of the following statements is true about the vectors u 2i 3j 4k and v 2i 4 j k? 3 (a) u and v are orthogonal. (b) u and v are parallel. (c) u is a unit vector of v. (d) The angle between u and v is . 4 (e) None of these 10. Which of the following is a set of parametric equations for the line through the points 3, 2, 0 and 4, 3, 3 ? (a) x 4 7t (b) x 4 3t (c) x 3 t y 3 t y 3 2t y 2 5t z 3 3t z 3 z 3t (d) x 3 4t (e) None of these y 2 3t z 3t 11. Find an equation of the plane that passes through the points 2, 1, 4, 3, 1, 3 and 2, 1, 0 . (a) 2x 4y 5z 10 0 (b) 7x 6y 5z 20 0 (c) 7x 4y 5z 10 0 (d) 7x 4y 5z 2 0 (e) None of these 12. If the equation of a cylinder is given by x2 z 0, then (a) The rulings are parallel to the x-axis. (b) The graph is a parabola. (c) The rulings are parallel to the z-axis. (d) The generating curve is a parabola. (e) None of these © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 13. Calculate the distance from the point 1, 2, 3 to the plane given by x 3 2y 1 4z 0. 14 16 (a) 14 (b) (c) 21 21 (d) 65 (e) None of these 14. Find the center and radius of the sphere given by the equation x2 y2 z2 4x 2y 2z 10. (a) Center: 2, 1, 1 (b) Center: 2, 1, 1 (c) Center: 2, 1, 1 Radius: 4 Radius: 4 Radius: 10 (d) Center: 2, 1, 1 (e) None of these Radius: 10
  • 122 Chapter 9 Vectors and the Geometry of Space x2 y2 15. Identify the quadric surface given by z 2 . 4 16 (a) Elliptic cone (b) Elliptic paraboloid (c) Hyperbolic paraboloid (d) Hyperboloid of one sheet (e) Hyperboloid of two sheets 16. Identify the quadric surface sketched at the right. z 2 (a) Hyperboloid of two sheets (b) Elliptic paraboloid −4 2 4 2 4 y (c) Hyperboloid of one sheet (d) Elliptic cone x (e) None of these 17. Find the equation of revolution if the generating curve, y 2x 1, is revolved about the x-axis. (a) 4x2 y2 4z2 2y 1 0 (b) 3x 2 z2 4x 1 0 (c) 4x2 y2 z2 4x 1 0 (d) 3x2 y2 z2 4x 1 0 (e) None of these 3 18. Express the spherical point 3, , in rectangular coordinates. 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 (a) , , (b) , , (c) , , 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 (d) , , (e) None of these 2 2 2 19. Find an equation in cylindrical coordinates for the surface given by the rectangular equation x2 y 2 z. (a) r 2 z (b) r 2 z sec 2 (c) cot csc sec 2 (d) cot csc (e) None of these © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 20. Find the work done in moving a particle from P 0, 2, 1 to Q 3, 2, 2 if the magnitude and direction of the force are given by v 4, 2, 3 . (a) 15 (b) 21 (c) 168 (d) 23 (e) None of these
  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 123 Test Form C Name __________________________________________ Date ____________________________ Chapter 9 Class __________________________________________ Section _______________________ 1. A vector v has initial point 1, 3 and terminal point 2, 1 . Find the unit vector in the direction of v. 1 2 3 4 4 3 (a) i j (b) i j (c) i j 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 (d) i 2j (e) None of these 5 2. Find a vector with magnitude 10 in the direction of v 1, 1 . 1 1 (a) , (b) 10, 10 (c) 5, 5 2 2 (d) 2, 2 (e) None of these 3. Forces with magnitudes of 200 and 300 pounds act on a machine part at angles of 60 and 45 , respectively, with the positive x-axis. Find the direction of the resultant forces. (a) 7.1 (b) 7.1 (c) 82.8 (d) 7.5 (e) None of these 4. Find the standard equation for the sphere that has points 4, 3, 5 and 6, 1, 1 as endpoints of a diameter. 2 2 2 2 2 2 (a) x 1 y 1 z 2 38 (b) x 1 y 1 z 2 36 2 2 2 2 2 2 (c) x 1 y 1 z 2 36 (d) x 5 y 2 z 3 6 (e) None of these © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 5. Determine which vector is parallel to the vector v 2, 3, 1. 2 1 3 1 (a) 4, 6, 2 (b) 3, 1, 3 (c) 1, 2, 2 (d) 6, 9, 3 (e) None of these 6. Find the unit vector in the direction of the vector v 2i j 2k. 2 1 3 2 1 2 (a) i j k (b) i j k (c) i j k 5 5 5 9 9 9 2 1 2 (d) i j k (e) None of these 3 3 3
  • 124 Chapter 9 Vectors and the Geometry of Space 2 7. Find u v if u 40, v 15, and the angle between vectors u and v is . 3 900 (a) 300 3 (b) (c) 300 (d) 300 (e) None of these 8. Find the vector component of u orthogonal to v for u i 2j and v 4i 4j. 1 1 3 3 1 1 (a) i j (b) i j (c) i j 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 5 (d) i j (e) None of these 2 2 9. Calculate the angle that vector v 3i 5j k makes with the positive y-axis. (a) 59.5 (b) 32.3 (c) 147.7 (d) 80.3 (e) None of these 10. v v ______________ v 2 (a) v (b) (c) v v (d) projuv (e) None of these 11. Calculate u v for u 3i 4j k and v 2i j 3k. (a) 11i 11j 11k (b) 13i 7j 5k (c) 11i 11j 11k (d) 11i 11j 11k (e) None of these 12. Find the area of the parallelogram having vectors v1 i 2j 2k and v2 3i 2j k as adjacent sides. (a) 3 (b) 10 (c) 101 © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. (d) 69 (e) None of these 13. Find an equation of the plane determined by the points 1, 2, 3 , 2, 3, 1 , and 0, 2, 1. (a) 18i 6j 3k 0 (b) 6x 2y z 0 (c) 6x 2y z 5 (d) 14x 6y 3z 17 (e) None of these 14. Find the point of intersection of the line given by the parametric equations x 3 2t, y 7 8t, and z 2 t with the yz-plane. 7 (a) 0, 5, 2 (b) 0, 37, 3 4 3 (c) 3, 7, 2 (d) 7, 33, 7 (e) None of these
  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 125 15. Find a generating curve for the surface of revolution given by 2x2 y2 z2 3x. (a) y 3x 2x2 (b) z 3x 2x2 (c) x y2 z2 (d) Both (a) and (b) (e) None of these 16. Write the equation in standard form and identify the quadric surface given by 4x2 9y 2 36z 0. (a) 36z 4x2 9y 2, Cone x2 y2 (b) z , Hyperbolic paraboloid 9 4 x2 y2 (c) z , Hyperboloid of one sheet 9 4 9 2 (d) x2 y 9z, Hyperbolic paraboloid 4 (e) None of these 17. Express the spherical coordinate point 6, , in cylindrical coordinates. 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 (a) , ,3 (b) , ,3 (c) 3 3, 3, 2 2 2 2 3 (d) 3 3, ,3 (e) None of these 6 18. Find a rectangular equation for the graph represented by the spherical equation 2 cos . 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 (a) x y z 2x (b) x y z 2z (c) y z2 x2 0 (d) z 2x2 (e) None of these © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
  • 126 Chapter 9 Vectors and the Geometry of Space Test Form D Name __________________________________________ Date ____________________________ Chapter 9 Class __________________________________________ Section _______________________ 1. Find a unit vector in the direction of v if v is the vector from P 2, 1, 3 to Q 1, 0, 4 . 2. Calculate i k. In problems 3 through 8, let u i 2j k, v 2i j k and w 3i k. 3. Calculate u v. 4. Calculate u v. 5. Calculate u v w. 6. Calculate projvu. 7. Calculate where is the angle between u and v. 8. Calculate a vector perpendicular to both u and w. 9. Let L1 : x 2 4t, y 1 5t, z 7t and L2 : x 2 t, y 5 2t, z 1 2t. Show that the vectors v1 and v2 parallel to lines L1 and L2 , respectively, are orthogonal. 10. Find parametric equations for the line through the point 4, 1, 3 and parallel to the line given by x y 2 z 1 . 1 2 5 © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. x 6 y 1 z 11. Write an equation of the plane that is determined by the lines given by 6 2 3 x 4 y 3 z 1 and . 2 1 1 12. Sketch the plane given by 3x 4y 2z 12. 13. Find the numbers x and y such that the point x, y, 1 lies on the line passing through the points 2, 5, 7 and 0, 3, 2 . 14. Write the equation of the sphere, 4x2 4y 2 4z2 4x 16y 8z 9 0, in standard form and find the center and radius. x2 y2 15. Identify and sketch the quadric surface given by z 0. 1 4
  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 127 16. Sketch the surface represented by the equation y x2. 17. Find the equation of the surface of revolution if the generating curve, 2x 3z 1, is revolved about the x-axis. 18. Convert the point 3, 3, 7 from rectangular to cylindrical coordinates. 19. Find an equation in rectangular coordinates for the spherical coordinate equation 9 csc csc and identify the surface. 20. Find the area of the parallelogram having vectors u i 2j 6k and v 5i 2k as adjacent sides. © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
  • 128 Chapter 9 Vectors and the Geometry of Space Test Form E Name __________________________________________ Date ____________________________ Chapter 9 Class __________________________________________ Section _______________________ 1. A vector v has initial point 2, 1 and terminal point 2, 3 . Find the unit vector in the direction of v. 2. Find a vector with magnitude 3 in the direction of the vector v 1, 2 . 3. Three forces with magnitude of 50, 20, and 40 pounds act on an object at angles of 60 , 30 , and 90 , respectively, with the positive x-axis. Find the direction and magnitude of the resultant forces. 4. Find the standard equation for the sphere that has points 2, 5, 1 and 3, 7, 3 as endpoints of a diameter. 5. Determine whether each vector is parallel to the vector v 4i j 5k. If it is, find c such that v cu. a. u 8i 4j 10k b. u 8i 4j 10k 3 15 1 5 c. u 3i 4j 4k d. u 2i 2j 2k 6. A vector v has initial point 2, 1, 3 and terminal point 4, 2, 1. a. Write v in the component form. b. Write v as a linear combination of the standard unit vectors. c. Find the magnitude of v. d. Find the unit vector in the direction of v. e. Find the unit vector in the direction opposite that of v. © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 7. Find u v if u 7, v 12, and the angle between u and v is . 4 8. Let u i 2j 2k and v 3i 2j k. a. Find the projection of u onto v. b. Find the vector component of u orthogonal to v. 9. Find direction cosines for the vector with initial point 2, 1, 3 and terminal point 4, 3, 5. 10. Determine a scalar, k, so that the vectors u 3i 2j and v 2i kj are orthogonal.
  • Chapter 9 Test Bank 129 11. Let u i 2j 2k and v 3i 2j k. a. Find u v. b. Show that the vector u v is orthogonal to v. 12. Calculate the area of the triangle with vertices 3, 1, 2 , 2, 1, 5 , and 1, 2, 2. x 2 y 3 z 1 13. Find parametric equations for the line perpendicular to the lines given by 4 7 3 x 3 y 2 z 8 and passing through the point 2, 4, 1 . 7 2 3 x 2 y 3 z 1 14. Find the point of intersection of the line and the plane 2 3 1 2x 3y z 3 0. 15. Sketch the surface represented by y x2 z2. 16. Identify each of the quadric surfaces: a. 3x2 3y 2 3z2 2x 3y 11 0 b. 2x2 5z2 y2 c. 2x2 y2 z2 1 17. Consider the surface whose rectangular equation is x2 y2 z2 1. a. Find an equation for the surface in cylindrical coordinates. b. Find an equation for the surface in spherical coordinates. 18. Sketch the surface represented by the spherical equation 2 csc . © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.