Rebel's Handbook EJM
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Rebel's Handbook EJM

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The Rebel's handbook project by Eugene, Jay, and Matthew

The Rebel's handbook project by Eugene, Jay, and Matthew

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Rebel's Handbook EJM Rebel's Handbook EJM Presentation Transcript

  • The Rebel's Handbook
    Simple instructions to start your own rebellion!
  • Step #1 - Justification/Ideology
    • Have a reasonable, sympethetic and strong reason for creating an organization/movement.
    • Under the sympethetic justification many people will feel and understand the same need for the revolution and change. Therefore, lots of people will be informed and pursuaded to join, unite and to work hard to succeed the revolution.
    • By having a reasonable and strong justification, you can create/have the right to change and rebelize the country. Therefore, when other organizations, governments and countries tries to stop you and your organization, you can use the justification for the right of rebellizing the country.
    • Justification can also bring support and allies. Some countries might agree with your reason of revolution and support you.
  • Step #1 - Justification/Ideology
    • ANC had a justification that the apartheid and the government of South Africa was unfair for dividing the blacks and whites. Therefore, ANC tried to liberate the blacks anc create a united South Africa where whites and blacks both work together.
  • Step #2 - Creating an Organization
    • By creating an organization you can organize the movements you will have more efficiently and powerfully.
    • By creating an organization your
    • An organization should have allies who have the power to help you.
  • Step #2 - Creating an Organization
    • De Klerk had a large amount of power in the South African government as being the president. Because De Klerk supported the ANC he helped the apartheid to end by releasing Nelson Mandela from prison, reforming the government and changing the constitutions so that everyone had the right to vote, and also removing the banning of the ANC.
    • The PAC contributed to end of apartheid by supporting and voting for the ANC. Therefore, in the elections ANC was able to win and be successful.
  • Step #3 - Movements for change, revolution and reform.
    • To start off, you must use peaceful approach such as organize protests, marches, boycotts, etc, to inform the goverenment.
    • After peaceful protests fail, it is sometimes necessary to resort to violence. (You must try every possible ways to succeed the apartheid) It is better to create an army under one commander so that the inevitable violence is controlled.
    • You must be prepared for the sacrifice the movements will bring.
  • Step #3 - Movements for change, revolution and reform.
    • The ANC had done attacks of sabotage, enough to keep the South African government to be alarmed, but not enough to give a military threat. They controlled their attacks through the MK.
    •  ANC's role in ending apartheid was significant. ANC held protests, boycotts, strikes (people not going to work), violent resistences (sabotages, guerrilla wars, etc), negotiations, etc. ANC tried and organized almost every possible ways to end apartheid.
    •  At first ANC tried to resist apartheid in peaceful ways such as boycotts, protests, strikes, etc, but the government didn't reform; therefore ANC moved onto using violent methods. However, ANC was banned for their violent movements.
    • Bishop Tutu helped bring apartheid to end by peaceful demonstrations, marches, writings, getting all the churches agree to help and disinvestments.
    • - Steve Biko organized protests, boycotts and died trying to resist apartheid.
  • Step #4 - Encouragement
    • You need to encourage the people in your organization to be willing to fight for the organization's cause. You can encourage them by showing how other organizations have overthrown the government. 
  • Step #4 - Encouragement
    • The ANC members were encouraged from Namibia, in which there was a successful rebellion.
    • Nelson Mandela being a model, fighting and resisting agaisnst apartheid even in prison and refusing to be let out of prison for ANC's surrender helped encourage rebels and the ANC.
    • Steve Biko encouraged the rebels by being brave, and dying while fighting for liberation, and resisting apartheid.
  • Step #5 - Choosing a Leader
    •  It is important to choose your leader wisely.  The leader must have a lot of charisma so that he can be noticed by people. Also, he must not be afraid of death and show his followers courage until the end.
    • The members should be able to protect their leader.  Without the leader, the organization will be unable to make any movements and lose their motivation and courage.
  • Step #5 - Choosing a Leader
    • Nelson Mandela is a great example of a leader.  He was not afraid of death for what he had fought for.
    • Botha is an example of a poor leader.  For the rebels, he did not change much of South Africa.
  • Step#6 - Receiving International Attention
    • Having influential countries to support your movement will give the current government a great amount of pressure.  Economic pressures and sanctions against your country will make it very hard to communicate with the international society.  Giving the current government a huge impact.
    • Your rebels need to make a big event that is big enough to catch the attention of the international society.
    • Make sure that you choose your event wisely, a one that involves violence will get more attention, but your members will be hurt and you might lose support of other countries if you use too much v
    • iolence.  A non-violent protest will be good for your reputation and your members won't be hurt, but it will get less attention from others.
    • Nelson Mandela informing the world about struggles in Africa by being famous and getting different countries around the world to pressure South Africa's government to release Nelson Mandela and reform.
  • Step#6 - Receiving International Attention
    • The South African government had been under economic pressures and had sanctions put against when the members of the U.N. had  found out of the shootings in Sharpeville.
    • The economic pressures and sanctions were successful, South Africa was not a member of the Commonwealth of Nations a year after the shootings. 
    • More sanctions were placed after the violence upon the native South African students in Soweto.
    • When Nelson Mandela was put in priosn Mandela became famous, informing the world about struggles in Africa. He got other countries around the world to pressure South Africa's government to release Nelson Mandela and to reform.
    •  Steve Biko became famous and were used in many art pieces, therefore he informed the world about the struggles in South Africa.
  • Step #7 - Supports from other organizations
    • One organization cannot succeed a revolution. More than one organization is needed to create change.
  • Step #7 - Supports from other organizations
    • The PAC helped apartheid to end by supporting and voting for the ANC. Therefore, in the elections ANC was able to win and be successful.
    • Steve Biko helped apartheid to end by finding the the Black Consciousness Movement to empower and develop the urban black population.
    • Bishop Tutu also used his power and agreements from nearly all churches to help organize peacful movements to end apartheid.
  • Warning: Losing Allies
    • It is easy for a group to have conflicting ideas inside of the group.  Make sure that these conflicts get settled before it gets too big.  Your organization might end up losing allies and gaining enemies.
  • Warning: Losing Allies
    • For the ANC, members who had conflicting ideas with them broke away and set the PAC.  Also, the members of Inkatha, who were working with the ANC had the same problem and caused many cases of violence against the ANC members. 
    • The ANC had also failed their negotiations with a group called CODESA.
  • THE END
    Good luck on your rebellion!