Chapter 7 Notes
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Chapter 7 Notes Chapter 7 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 7 The Transformation of American Society
  • Section One: The New Immigrants
    • Old immigrants were mostly protestant and from North-West Europe
    • Most new immigrants were from Southern or Eastern Europe
    • Traveled in poor conditions ( steerage )
    • They arrived at either Ellis Island (East Coast) or Angel Island (West Coast)
    • They were inspected by officials and then given a physical exam
    • Benevolent Societies- aid organizations that helped immigrants in cases of sickness, unemployment, or death
  • Section One Continued
    • Nativists- Many native born Americans saw immigrants as the source of problems
    • Denis Kearny- Irish immigrant, leader of workingman’s party who incited people to be violent towards the Chinese
    • Chinese Exclusion Act- passed by congress in 1882, denied citizenship and prohibited immigration of Chinese laborers.
    • Immigration Restriction League- tried to impose literacy tests on immigrants
  • Section 2: The Urban World
    • Skyscrapers- large, multistory building, steel frames made them possible.
    • Elisha Otis- Developed mechanized elevator.
    • Mass tranist- forms of public transport such as electric trains, subways, etc.
    • Suburbs- residential neighborhoods on edges of city
  • Section 2 continued
    • Upper Class Life
    • Nouveau Riche- a new class of wealthy people like Carnagie and Rockefeller
    • Conspicuous Consumption- spending wealth freely to show it off
  • Section 2 continued
    • How the poor lived
    • Tenements- poorly built apartments. Sickness and death were common.
  •  
    • Settlement Houses- community service centers in poor neighborhoods, like Jane Adams Hull House in Chicago.
    • Social Gospel- applying Christian principles to address social problems.
    • The end :]