Americas Civil War

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Americas Civil War

  1. 1. By John Holenda America's Civil War
  2. 2. Background Information <ul><li>Eleven Southern slave states seceded from the United States to form the Confederate States of America </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these states seceded due to Lincoln being elected president and the fact that he wanted to stop the spread of slavery to states that did not already use slavery </li></ul><ul><li>This secession led to the Civil War which was fought between the aforementioned Confederate States of America and the U.S. federal government (A.K.A. the “Union”) </li></ul><ul><li>The Union consisted of all the slavery-free states and five border slave states </li></ul>
  3. 3. Results of the War <ul><li>Deadliest war in American history accounting for over 620,000 soldier deaths and an undetermined amount of civilian deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Brought an end to slavery in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened the power of the federal government </li></ul><ul><li>The social, political, economic, and racial issues of the war continue to this day to shape the way Americans think </li></ul>
  4. 4. Race Relations Since the Civil War <ul><li>The North’s victory in the civil war did lead to the freeing of slaves, but it did not end the persecution of African Americans, especially in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of touchy race relations, again especially in the South deal with the Redeemers, Jim Crow laws, the Freedman’s Bureau, the Ku Klux Klan, Plessy v. Ferguson, and the American Civil Rights movement </li></ul>
  5. 5. Barn Burning <ul><li>Barn Burning talks about the racial and economic inequities in the 1930’s in the Southern agricultural society </li></ul><ul><li>Faulkner highlights how the end of the civil war, although freeing black from slavery, did not free blacks from immense racism and inequalities </li></ul><ul><li>Barn Burning also talks about how the post civil war South had to deal with huge economic disparities between rich white land owners and the lower class tenant and sharecroppers of the same race. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Redeemers
  7. 7. The Redeemers <ul><li>Southern political group that existed during the Reconstruction Era (years directly following the war) </li></ul><ul><li>This group conducted intimidation, terrorism and violence against black voters and their allies to reduce black voting </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to strip blacks of their ability to vote by implementing laws, such as the Jim Crow laws, that removed hundreds of thousand of voters (African Americans and poor whites) from registration </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Redeemers cont. <ul><li>Some examples of their “success” can be seen by looking at registered voters in Black Belt counties in Alabama in the early 1900’s </li></ul><ul><li>In 1900 79,311 voters were registered compared to the 1,081 registered voters in 1903 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1941 in Alabama it was estimated that about 600,000 whites and 500,000 African-Americans lost their voting power due to laws set up by the Redeemers </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jim Crow Laws
  10. 10. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>Local Laws enforced primarily in the South and in border states between 1876 and 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Created the phrase “separate but equal” which led to substandard treatment and accommodations for African-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Created poll taxes and literacy tests as an attempt to stop African-Americans from voting </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Freedman’s Bureau
  12. 12. The Freedman’s Bureau <ul><li>Just as Southern states attempted to make the ex-slaves transition into society as difficult as possible the Freedman’s Bureau, a federal government agency tried to help this process </li></ul><ul><li>Created to aid slaves with health care, education, and employment </li></ul><ul><li>Only lasted from June 1865 to December 1868 because newly elected president Andrew Jackson disbanded it </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Freedman’s Bureau cont. <ul><li>Spent $17,000 to help establish homes and distribute food, and was also involved in the establishment of 4,000 schools and 100 hospitals for former slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Helped reunite families </li></ul><ul><li>It focused its work on helping the freedmen adjust to their conditions of freedom </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Ku Klux Klan
  15. 15. The Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Secret organizations that advocate white supremecy </li></ul><ul><li>The first KKK arose in the turmoil after the Civil War. It utilized terrorism, violence, and lynching to intimidate and oppress African-Americans as well as Jews, Roman Catholics, and other racial and religious minorities </li></ul><ul><li>Its purpose was to restore white supremacy in the aftermath of the American Civil War </li></ul>
  16. 16. Plessy v. Ferguson
  17. 17. Plessy v. Ferguson <ul><li>Landmark Supreme Court decision in 1896 that upheld segregation in the United States under the doctrine of “separate but equal” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Separate but equal” would be upheld until 1954 and the Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Homer Plessy, the man from the case, was actually only one-eighth black and seven-eighths white and was not allowed to sit on a railroad car designated “whites only” </li></ul>
  18. 18. The American Civil Rights Movement
  19. 19. The American Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>Lasted from 1955-1968 and focused on ending racial discrimination against African-Americans in the United States and regaining suffrage in the South </li></ul><ul><li>This group used many tactics at an attempt to gain respect and equality with whites including sit-ins, bus boycotts, and marches </li></ul><ul><li>Arguably the most famous member of this movement was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize before he was assassinated </li></ul>
  20. 20. The American Civil Rights Movement cont. <ul><li>This movement has done so much for the advancement of African-Americans and for our country as a whole </li></ul><ul><li>It is because of this movement that many of the problems mentioned in the previous slides, such as Jim Crow laws, the Redeemers, and “separate but equal” no longer exist </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to this movement race relations have improved drastically in our country and mostly through non-violent methods </li></ul>
  21. 21. Race Relations: Present Day <ul><li>The U.S. has always had race issues and probably always will, but this is a side-effect that one must expect when we can be referred to as a “melting-pot” and have also used slavery as a method of labor in our past </li></ul><ul><li>From a personal viewpoint I believe almost all of the problems dealing with racial relations since the Civil War have been solved or at least minimized through years of legislation and all races living amongst each other as equals. There still are and always will be groups such as the KKK that look to worsen race relations in our country, but for the most part I think our country is at a healthy stage in its history when considering the topic. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;American Civil War.&quot; Wikipedia . 1 Aug. 2008. 3 Aug. 2008 <http://www.wikipedia.org>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . 3 Aug. 2008 <http://www.images.google.com>. </li></ul>

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