Memory Strategies[2]


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Memory Strategies[2]

  1. 1. Memory Strategies How to Learn Spanish
  2. 2. Intend to Remember <ul><li>Attitude has much to do with whether you remember something or not </li></ul><ul><li>Say to yourself, “I am going to remember everything I hear in class today.” </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved, participate, engage </li></ul>
  3. 3. Selectivity <ul><li>Determine the most important and select those parts to study </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes from the text book </li></ul><ul><li>Writing things down condenses the amount of material you have to study </li></ul><ul><li>Writing things down often helps you recall the things that you want to remember </li></ul>
  4. 4. Recitation <ul><li>Saying ideas aloud is probably the most powerful tool you have to transfer knowledge from short-term to long-term memory </li></ul><ul><li>This is why working in a study group is extremely helpful </li></ul>
  5. 5. Recitation Ideas <ul><li>Read your notes aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase as you read </li></ul><ul><li>Teach each other </li></ul><ul><li>Record your voice </li></ul><ul><li>Call a friend </li></ul><ul><li>Get into a study group </li></ul>
  6. 6. Basic Background <ul><li>Your understanding of new material depends a great deal on how much you already know </li></ul><ul><li>The more you increase basic knowledge, the easier it is to build new knowledge on this background </li></ul><ul><li>Learning today, makes it easier to learn a lot tomorrow </li></ul>
  7. 7. Repetition <ul><li>For Spanish, repetition and drill is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>If you are going to be able to speak Spanish, you need to practice doing it </li></ul><ul><li>Memorization is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Flashcards </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary notes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Application <ul><li>Apply what you learn to your own life </li></ul><ul><li>Make it real by using Spanish with family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Go to a Mexican restaurant and try to speak Spanish with the server </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Spanish-speaking neighbor, friend, parent of a friend and try to speak Spanish with them </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mnemonic Devices <ul><li>Mnemonic devices are used for remembering information that is to be memorized </li></ul><ul><li>As a general rule any type of mnemonic device must be simple, clear and vivid. </li></ul><ul><li>We tend to remember the unusual, the funny or the personal </li></ul>
  10. 10. Five Mnenomic Devices <ul><li>Grouping </li></ul><ul><li>Rhymes / Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Acronyms </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Association </li></ul><ul><li>Loci </li></ul>
  11. 11. Grouping <ul><li>Classify lists on the basis of some common characteristic. Remember the key element of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Some verbs in Spanish are I GO VERBS. In the I form of the verb, the Spanish verb ends in –go. </li></ul><ul><li>tengo – I have salgo – I go out </li></ul><ul><li>hago – I do or make traigo – I bring </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rhymes and Songs <ul><li>Set what you need to remember to a common rhyme or song </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The vowel song and the army drill / march chant </li></ul>
  13. 13. Acronyms <ul><li>Use acronyms to help you remember lists. The first letter from each word in a list forms a key word, name or sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Gender – masculine/feminine </li></ul><ul><li>masculine = ma n r o l n o r ma l feminine = d umbre cion a </li></ul>
  14. 14. Visual Association <ul><li>Association involves linking two ideas. When you are memorizing lists of words you can link words by using images. </li></ul><ul><li>The PEG system allows you to remember sequences of ten unrelated items in the appropriate order. It requires you to remember 10 “peg words” </li></ul>
  15. 15. PEG System <ul><li>If you have ten word that you need to remember, you visualize each word interacting with the “peg word” that you already know. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of 10 “peg words” </li></ul><ul><li>Memorize the 10 “peg words” </li></ul><ul><li>Now visualize the Spanish word/object interacting with your “peg word.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. The PEG System 10 = hen papel 5 = hive libro 9 = vine uvas 4 = door feo 8 = gate libro 3 = tree boligrafo 7 = lake cuaderno 2 = shoe calle 6 = sticks lapiz 1 = bun perro
  17. 17. Loci <ul><li>Greek and Roman orators who had to remember long speeches used the method of “loci” to trigger their memories </li></ul><ul><li>Visualize a room or route that is familiar to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Place each item that you wish to remember in a location in the room or along the route </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pick it up” as you take a mental walk </li></ul>
  18. 18. Mnemonic devices increase your ability to recall information. They should be abandoned as soon as you know the material so well that you do not need them.
  19. 19. Notetaking <ul><li>Preview </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>The 5 R’s </li></ul>
  20. 20. Preview <ul><li>Good note taking begins BEFORE you ever go to class </li></ul><ul><li>Before coming to class you need to preview the material that will be covered </li></ul><ul><li>This includes previewing the chapter in the book that we are studying and reading over previous class notes </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate questions about the new material before you come to class </li></ul>
  21. 21. Writing <ul><li>Copy down everything on the board </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard “scribble” may be a clue to an exam item </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Cornel method for taking notes (two columns) </li></ul><ul><li>Number and title all of your notes, include the date </li></ul><ul><li>Write only on one side of the paper </li></ul>
  22. 22. Record, Reduce, Recite, (w)Rite, Review <ul><li>Record main points </li></ul><ul><li>Label notes in the left-hand margin to help organize your notes </li></ul><ul><li>Using only labels attempt to recite information from notes </li></ul><ul><li>Write new vocabulary many times until you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Review the recite step every few weeks </li></ul>
  23. 23. Test Taking <ul><li>Find out what will be covered </li></ul><ul><li>Review before the test: daily reviews, weekly reviews and major reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Predict test questions </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a study plan </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid procrastination </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce anxiety by being prepared </li></ul>
  24. 24. Test-taking strategies <ul><li>Arrive early </li></ul><ul><li>Listen carefully to all instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid friends and panic-stricken people </li></ul><ul><li>Look over the entire exam, paying particular attention to point values </li></ul><ul><li>Read all directions </li></ul><ul><li>Do the easy questions first (this builds confidence) </li></ul><ul><li>Use the entire time, look over your answers before handing in the exam </li></ul>