CostofWarinIraq

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CostofWarinIraq

  1. 1. The Human Cost of War in Iraq A Mortality Study, 2002-2006
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>600,000 people have been killed in the violence of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Survey conducted by an American & Iraqi team of public health researchers </li></ul><ul><li>This survey is the only population-based assessment of fatalities in Iraq during the war </li></ul><ul><li>Method: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveyed more than 1800 households randomly selected in clusters that represent Iraq’s population </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Summary <ul><li>Survey done in Iraq by Iraqi people </li></ul><ul><li>All were doctors </li></ul><ul><li>These doctors spoke both English and Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>+/- 5% chance of error in the survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which is a common finding in large surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why?? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Summary <ul><li>Survey also reflects growing sectarian violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is sectarian violence? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>53,000 deaths due to non-violent causes (most in recent months) </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests a worsening of health status & access to health care </li></ul>
  5. 5. Methods <ul><li>Between May-July 2006, a national cluster survey was conducted in Iraq to assess deaths occurring during the period from Jan. 1, 2002 through the time of the survey </li></ul><ul><li>Households: 1,849 </li></ul><ul><li>Persons: 12,801 </li></ul><ul><li>This survey mirrored a similar survey from 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Both surveys used standard methods for estimating deaths in conflict situations, using population-based methods </li></ul>
  6. 6. Key Findings <ul><li>Death Rates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.5/1000 pre-invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13.2/1000 post-invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Through July 2006: 654,965 “excess deaths” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatalities above the pre-invasion death rate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Of post invasion deaths, 601, 027 were due to violent causes </li></ul><ul><li>Since March 2003, an additional 2.5% of Iraq’s population have died above what would have occurred without conflict/invasion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Questions <ul><li>What was the most common reason for death? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Gunfire 2. Car Bombings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What sex has suffered the most losses? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What age group of men have most of these losses been in? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15-44 years </li></ul></ul>

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