Writing Terminology

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  • 1. Writing Terminology
  • 2. ESSAY
    • A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject.
  • 3.
    • An essay consists of 4 parts:
    • Introduction
    • Two body paragraphs
    • Concluding paragraph
  • 4. INTRODUCTION (INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH)
    • The first paragraph in an essay
    • Includes the thesis
    • Thesis is most often at the end.
  • 5. BODY PARAGRAPH
    • A middle paragraph in an essay
    • Develops a point that supports thesis
  • 6. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH
      • Last paragraph in essay
      • Sums up, reflects on previous comments, gives more commentary or personal statement regarding subject
  • 7. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH DOES NOT:
      • Include concrete detail
      • Repeat key words from paper (especially from thesis or introduction)
      • However…
      • It provides a finished feeling to essay
  • 8. THESIS
    • Sentence with subject & opinion (commentary)
    • Located at the end of introductory paragraph
  • 9. PRE-WRITING
    • The process of getting your concrete details on paper before you organize the essay into paragraphs
  • 10. PRE-WRITING INCLUDES:
    • Bubble Clusters
    • Spider Diagrams
    • Outlines
    • Line Clustering
    • Columns
  • 11. CONCRETE DETAILS (CD)
    • Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs
  • 12. SYNONYMS FOR CONCRETE DETAILS (CD)
    • Facts
    • Specifics
    • Examples
    • Ilustrations
    • Support
    • Evidence
  • 13.
    • Quotations
    • Paraphrasing
  • 14. COMMENTARY (CM)
    • Your opinion or comment about something: not concrete detail.
  • 15. SYNONYMS FOR COMMENTARY (CM)
    • Opinion
    • Insight
    • Analysis
    • Interpretation
    • Personal Response
    • Feelings
  • 16.
    • Evaluation
    • Explication
    • Reflection
  • 17. TOPIC SENTENCE
    • First sentence in a body paragraph
    • Must have a subject & opinion (cm) for the paragraph
    • It does the same thing for a body paragraph that the thesis does for the whole essay
  • 18. CONCLUDING SENTENCE
    • Last sentence in a body paragraph
    • It is all commentary (cm)
    • Does not repeat key words
    • Gives finished feeling to paragraph
  • 19. SHAPING THE ESSAY
    • Step completed after pre-writing & before the first draft
    • Functions as an outline for thesis,
    • topic sentences, concrete details, & commentary
  • 20. FIRST DRAFT
    • The first version of your essay
    • (rough draft)
  • 21. FINAL DRAFT
    • The final version of your essay
  • 22. PEER RESPONSE
    • Written responses & reactions to a partner’s paper
  • 23. CHUNK
    • The smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write & contains:
    • One sentence of CD
    • Two sentences of CM
  • 24. WEAVING
    • Blending concrete details & commentary in a body paragraph
    • (comes after format mastery)
  • 25. RATIO
    • The ratio of 1 part concrete detail (CD) to 2+ parts commentary (CM)
    • 1 CD : 2+ CM
  • 26. WORD COUNTS
    • The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C.”
  • 27. CONFUSED?
    • Never fear
    • Mrs. Laurence is here!
    • (rhyming couplet)