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Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
Writing Terminology
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Writing Terminology

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  1. Writing Terminology
  2. ESSAY <ul><li>A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. </li></ul>
  3. <ul><li>An essay consists of 4 parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Two body paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Concluding paragraph </li></ul>
  4. INTRODUCTION (INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH) <ul><li>The first paragraph in an essay </li></ul><ul><li>Includes the thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis is most often at the end. </li></ul>
  5. BODY PARAGRAPH <ul><li>A middle paragraph in an essay </li></ul><ul><li>Develops a point that supports thesis </li></ul>
  6. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH <ul><ul><li>Last paragraph in essay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sums up, reflects on previous comments, gives more commentary or personal statement regarding subject </li></ul></ul>
  7. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH DOES NOT: <ul><ul><li>Include concrete detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat key words from paper (especially from thesis or introduction) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It provides a finished feeling to essay </li></ul></ul>
  8. THESIS <ul><li>Sentence with subject & opinion (commentary) </li></ul><ul><li>Located at the end of introductory paragraph </li></ul>
  9. PRE-WRITING <ul><li>The process of getting your concrete details on paper before you organize the essay into paragraphs </li></ul>
  10. PRE-WRITING INCLUDES: <ul><li>Bubble Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Spider Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines </li></ul><ul><li>Line Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul>
  11. CONCRETE DETAILS (CD) <ul><li>Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs </li></ul>
  12. SYNONYMS FOR CONCRETE DETAILS (CD) <ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Specifics </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Ilustrations </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul>
  13. <ul><li>Quotations </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul>
  14. COMMENTARY (CM) <ul><li>Your opinion or comment about something: not concrete detail. </li></ul>
  15. SYNONYMS FOR COMMENTARY (CM) <ul><li>Opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Insight </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Response </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings </li></ul>
  16. <ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Explication </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul>
  17. TOPIC SENTENCE <ul><li>First sentence in a body paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a subject & opinion (cm) for the paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>It does the same thing for a body paragraph that the thesis does for the whole essay </li></ul>
  18. CONCLUDING SENTENCE <ul><li>Last sentence in a body paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>It is all commentary (cm) </li></ul><ul><li>Does not repeat key words </li></ul><ul><li>Gives finished feeling to paragraph </li></ul>
  19. SHAPING THE ESSAY <ul><li>Step completed after pre-writing & before the first draft </li></ul><ul><li>Functions as an outline for thesis, </li></ul><ul><li>topic sentences, concrete details, & commentary </li></ul>
  20. FIRST DRAFT <ul><li>The first version of your essay </li></ul><ul><li>(rough draft) </li></ul>
  21. FINAL DRAFT <ul><li>The final version of your essay </li></ul>
  22. PEER RESPONSE <ul><li>Written responses & reactions to a partner’s paper </li></ul>
  23. CHUNK <ul><li>The smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write & contains: </li></ul><ul><li>One sentence of CD </li></ul><ul><li>Two sentences of CM </li></ul>
  24. WEAVING <ul><li>Blending concrete details & commentary in a body paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>(comes after format mastery) </li></ul>
  25. RATIO <ul><li>The ratio of 1 part concrete detail (CD) to 2+ parts commentary (CM) </li></ul><ul><li>1 CD : 2+ CM </li></ul>
  26. WORD COUNTS <ul><li>The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C.” </li></ul>
  27. CONFUSED? <ul><li>Never fear </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Laurence is here! </li></ul><ul><li>(rhyming couplet) </li></ul>

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