+
Bridging the gap between policy &
practice: a reflective review & looking
forward to the future
Gráinne Conole, Open Uni...
+ Outline
 Scrutinising the e-learning history line
 lessons from the past
 a glimpse into the future
 Emergent themes...
+Key focus
 Is there a gap between e-learning policy and
actual practice?
 How can we bridge the gap?
 Does e-learning ...
+Scrutinising the e-learning timeline
Context
Globalisation, networked society, changing societal norms, ICT advances
UK: ...
+ A glimpse into the future
1
2 3
b
a
c+
Inspire by Pea &Wallis, 2008
We can
now interact
at a distance,
accessing complex
& useful resources
in ways ...
+ Converging practices
Modern technologies Modern pedagogy
 Web 2.0 practices
 Location aware technologies
 Adaptation ...
+ Loosely coupled tools
Integrated IT systems
Personalised
tools
Institutional
tools
Student
controlled
Institutional
cont...
+
Policy
Teacher
practice
Research &
development
The learner’s
experience
A framework for making policy work
+Avoiding failures of the past
 Common reactions:
 “I haven’t got time”
 “My research is more important”
 “What’s in i...
+Cloudworks: Harnessing web 2.0
+
Clouds:
Learning & teaching ideas
Design or case studies
Tools or resources
Questions or problems
Cloudscapes:
Conferenc...
+User profile
+Activity stream
+
Features
 Dynamic list of clouds + new comments
 Comments on clouds + cloudscapes
 Can “follow” people + cloudscapes
...
+Emergent patterns of use
 Events: conferences and workshops
 ALT-C conference, 8-11th
September 2009
 http://cloudwork...
Olnet: redefining openness
+
A definition
The open provision of educational
resources, enabled by information and
communication technologies, for
con...
+
A broader definition of OER
Learning resources
Courseware, content modules, learning objects, learner support
& assessme...
+
“Open Design”
Characteristics of
good pedagogy
Affordances of new
technologies
Bridging the gap
Personalised
Situative
S...
+ A mediating layer
Designer DesignHas an
inherent
OER
Creates
Mediating
artifacts
Mediating artifacts
1.Design visualisat...
+
Policy
Research &
development
Teacher
practice
The learner’s
experience
Mapping the case studies
Institutional & nationa...
+Questions and reflections
 What is the relationship between Government rhetoric and
actual practice?
 How can technolog...
+
Bridging the gap between policy &
practice: a reflective review & looking
forward to the future
Gráinne Conole, Open Uni...
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Conole Salerno

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Conole Salerno

  1. 1. + Bridging the gap between policy & practice: a reflective review & looking forward to the future Gráinne Conole, Open University, UK VI Congresso Nazionale della SIe-L: E-learning,creatività ed innovazione Salerno University, 17/09/09 More info, slides and references: http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloud/view/2295
  2. 2. + Outline  Scrutinising the e-learning history line  lessons from the past  a glimpse into the future  Emergent themes and challenges  A framework for making policy work  Illustrative case studies  Reflections and questions for the future
  3. 3. +Key focus  Is there a gap between e-learning policy and actual practice?  How can we bridge the gap?  Does e-learning policy adequate reflect current technological advances  If not how can we ensure it does?
  4. 4. +Scrutinising the e-learning timeline Context Globalisation, networked society, changing societal norms, ICT advances UK: Dearing review of ICT TLTP projects, CTI, HE Academy, JISC US: Fragmented policy, driven by individuals and commercial imperative Education/Industry partnerships, spin offs, Open Educational Movement Impact Local culture vs global hegemony, changing roles & structures, commercial vs. government supported, dissemination and impact evaluation Policy Practice Drivers Widening participation, personalization, lifelong learning, quality assurance, developing the work force, commercial imperative Conole, (2007) in Andrews & Haythornwaite
  5. 5. + A glimpse into the future
  6. 6. 1 2 3 b a c+ Inspire by Pea &Wallis, 2008 We can now interact at a distance, accessing complex & useful resources in ways unimaginable in early eras What’s the next stage of the co- evolution? Phases of development Tool-user co-evolution Internet Mobile devices T V Radio Smart tools Phone
  7. 7. + Converging practices Modern technologies Modern pedagogy  Web 2.0 practices  Location aware technologies  Adaptation & customisation  Second life/immersive worlds  Google it!  “Expert badges”,World of warcraft  User-generated content  Blogging, peer critiquing  Cloud computing  From individual to social  Contextualised and situated learning  Personalised learning  Experiential learning  Inquiry learning  Peer learning  Open Educational Resources  Reflection  Distributed cognition
  8. 8. + Loosely coupled tools Integrated IT systems Personalised tools Institutional tools Student controlled Institutional controlled Tensions & implications The VLE/LMS is dead debate http://cloudworks.ac.uk/index.php/cloud/view/2162
  9. 9. + Policy Teacher practice Research & development The learner’s experience A framework for making policy work
  10. 10. +Avoiding failures of the past  Common reactions:  “I haven’t got time”  “My research is more important”  “What’s in it for me?”  “Where is my reward?”  “I don’t have the skills to do this”  “I don’t believe in this, it won’t work”  Common resistance strategies:  I’ll say yes (and do nothing)  Undermine the initiative  Undermine the person involved  Classic mistake:  Emphasis on the technologies, not the people and processes  Funding for technology developments but not use and support Great policy initiatives often fail – why?
  11. 11. +Cloudworks: Harnessing web 2.0
  12. 12. + Clouds: Learning & teaching ideas Design or case studies Tools or resources Questions or problems Cloudscapes: Conferences Workshops Course team Student cohort Research theme Key concepts
  13. 13. +User profile
  14. 14. +Activity stream
  15. 15. + Features  Dynamic list of clouds + new comments  Comments on clouds + cloudscapes  Can “follow” people + cloudscapes  RSS feeds of cloudscapes + people  Embedding: pictures, video, presentations  Twitter feeds for people +cloudscapes  Email alerts  Activity streams
  16. 16. +Emergent patterns of use  Events: conferences and workshops  ALT-C conference, 8-11th September 2009  http://cloudworks.ac.uk/index.php/cloudscape/view/1870  Discussions: Flash debates  Is Twitter killing blogging?  http://cloudworks.ac.uk/index.php/cloud/view/2266  Eliciting expertise  Literature review of educational technologist  http://cloudworks.ac.uk/index.php/cloudscape/view/1872  Aggregating resources  En Rumbo Spanish course  http://cloudworks.ac.uk/index.php/cloudscape/view/776
  17. 17. Olnet: redefining openness
  18. 18. + A definition The open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes (UNESCO 2002)
  19. 19. + A broader definition of OER Learning resources Courseware, content modules, learning objects, learner support & assessment tools, online learning communities Resources to support teachers Tools for teachers and support materials to enable them to create, adapt and use OER; training materials for teachers Resources to assure the quality of education and educational practices (UNESCO 2004)
  20. 20. + “Open Design” Characteristics of good pedagogy Affordances of new technologies Bridging the gap Personalised Situative Social Experiential Reflective Adaptive Contextual Networked Immersive Collective
  21. 21. + A mediating layer Designer DesignHas an inherent OER Creates Mediating artifacts Mediating artifacts 1.Design visualisation tools - CompendiumLD 2.Design methods 3.Pedagogical patterns 4.Cloudworks Can we develop new innovative mediating artifacts? How can we make the design more explicit and sharable? User – can now repurpose
  22. 22. + Policy Research & development Teacher practice The learner’s experience Mapping the case studies Institutional & national funding Embedding in strategy Aligning to technology trends Changing user behaviour Drivers and challenges Actual use in practice What’s in it for me? Evidence of impact
  23. 23. +Questions and reflections  What is the relationship between Government rhetoric and actual practice?  How can technologies support new forms of pedagogy?  What is the relationship between technologies, physical and virtual spaces and pedagogy?  How do we take account of a digital divide that is ever narrower but deeper?  What new digital literacy skills will learners and teachers need ?  E-learning innovation will require a radical rethinking of the curriculum,  E-learning challenges existing norms about assessment
  24. 24. + Bridging the gap between policy & practice: a reflective review & looking forward to the future Gráinne Conole, Open University, UK VI Congresso Nazionale della SIe-L: E-learning,creatività ed innovazione Salerno University, 17/09/09 More info, slides and references: http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloud/view/2295
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