Simple Cuboidal Epithelium <ul><li>Single layers that are wide </li></ul><ul><li>Spherical nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Secret...
Simple Columnar Epithelium <ul><li>Single layer of closely packed cells. Lines digestive tract and rectum.  </li></ul><ul>...
Pseudostratified Epithelium <ul><li>Vary in height. </li></ul><ul><li>Only the tallest reach the free surface of the epith...
Stratified Epithelia <ul><li>Contains two or more cell layers </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerate from below </li></ul><ul><li>Mo...
Stratified Squamous Epithelium <ul><li>Most widespread </li></ul><ul><li>Found in areas subjected to wear and tear </li></...
Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium <ul><li>Quite rare in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Found in larger glands like sweat glands <...
Stratified Columnar Epithelium <ul><li>Limited in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Some found in pharynx </li></ul><ul><li>Occur...
Transitional Epithelium <ul><li>Lines urinary organs </li></ul><ul><li>Basal layer: Cuboidal or columnar </li></ul><ul><li...
Glandular Epithelia <ul><li>Consists of one or more cells that make and secrete a product called secretion (aqueous fluid ...
Endocrine Glands <ul><li>Ductless glands </li></ul><ul><li>Produce a hormone, which is secreted by exocytosis </li></ul><u...
Exocrine Glands <ul><li>Numerous, many of their products are familiar </li></ul><ul><li>Secrete products onto body surface...
Unicellular Exocrine Glands <ul><li>Goblet cells are unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Produce mucin, which dissolves in water...
Multicellular Exocrine Glands <ul><li>More complex than unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>2 basic parts: duct and secretory un...
Nervous Tissue <ul><li>Main component in the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Contains neurons: highly specialized nerve c...
Muscle Tissue <ul><li>Highly cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Well vascularized </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most types of ...
Skeletal Muscle <ul><li>Voluntary muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Connective tissue sheets that attach to the bones of the skelet...
Cardiac Muscle <ul><li>Found only in the wall of the heart </li></ul><ul><li>To help propel blood through the blood vessel...
Smooth Muscle <ul><li>No visible striations </li></ul><ul><li>Spindle shaped with centrally located nucleus </li></ul><ul>...
Credits <ul><li>ALL TEXT COURTESY OF: </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>7 TH  EDITION </li>...
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Anatomy Slideshow Part 2

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  • Anatomy Slideshow Part 2

    1. 1. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium <ul><li>Single layers that are wide </li></ul><ul><li>Spherical nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Secretes and absorbs </li></ul><ul><li>Forms walls of smallest ducts of glands and kidney tubules </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Pseudostratified </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul>
    2. 2. Simple Columnar Epithelium <ul><li>Single layer of closely packed cells. Lines digestive tract and rectum. </li></ul><ul><li>Absorption and secretion </li></ul><ul><li>Digestive tract lining has two distinct modifications: 10dense microvilli on the apical surface of absorptive cells 2) Goblet cells that secrete a lubricating mucus (unicellular exocrine glands) </li></ul><ul><li>Some have cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Pseudostratified </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul>
    3. 3. Pseudostratified Epithelium <ul><li>Vary in height. </li></ul><ul><li>Only the tallest reach the free surface of the epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>Gives false impression that it has several layers </li></ul><ul><li>Secretes and absorbs </li></ul><ul><li>Ciliated version containing goblet cells line the respiratory tract </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul>
    4. 4. Stratified Epithelia <ul><li>Contains two or more cell layers </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerate from below </li></ul><ul><li>More durable than simple epithelia </li></ul><ul><li>Role is protection </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul>
    5. 5. Stratified Squamous Epithelium <ul><li>Most widespread </li></ul><ul><li>Found in areas subjected to wear and tear </li></ul><ul><li>Outer layer of the body is called epidermis which is keratinized and the other type is nonkeratinized in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul>
    6. 6. Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium <ul><li>Quite rare in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Found in larger glands like sweat glands </li></ul><ul><li>Typically two layers of cuboidal cells </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul>
    7. 7. Stratified Columnar Epithelium <ul><li>Limited in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Some found in pharynx </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in transitional areas and junctions </li></ul><ul><li>Only apical layer is columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul>
    8. 8. Transitional Epithelium <ul><li>Lines urinary organs </li></ul><ul><li>Basal layer: Cuboidal or columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Apical layer: varies </li></ul><ul><li>Has great elasticity </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul>
    9. 9. Glandular Epithelia <ul><li>Consists of one or more cells that make and secrete a product called secretion (aqueous fluid that contains proteins, some release lipid.) </li></ul><ul><li>Classified as endocrine (internally secreting) and exocrine (externally secreting) </li></ul><ul><li>2 types of Exocrine: multicellular and unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Most have ducts </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Exocrine </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine </li></ul>
    10. 10. Endocrine Glands <ul><li>Ductless glands </li></ul><ul><li>Produce a hormone, which is secreted by exocytosis </li></ul><ul><li>Structurally diverse </li></ul><ul><li>Secretions vary from peptides, glycoprotiens and steroids. </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Exocrine </li></ul>
    11. 11. Exocrine Glands <ul><li>Numerous, many of their products are familiar </li></ul><ul><li>Secrete products onto body surfaces or into body cavities (either the unicellular glands directly or multicellular glands via epithelium-walled duct that transports it.) These glands are diverse. </li></ul><ul><li>Secrete: Mucous, sweat, oil and salivary, liver (bile), pancreas (digestive enzymes) and many other secretions </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul>
    12. 12. Unicellular Exocrine Glands <ul><li>Goblet cells are unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Produce mucin, which dissolves in water when secreted. It then forms mucus, which protects and lubricates </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul>
    13. 13. Multicellular Exocrine Glands <ul><li>More complex than unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>2 basic parts: duct and secretory unit </li></ul><ul><li>Structural classifications: simple glands- unbranched duct. Compound glands- branched duct. And by secretory units: tubular, alvelor (flask like sacs), tubuloalveolar (both types) </li></ul><ul><li>Modes of secretion: merocrine-secreted by exocytosis. (examples-sweat and salvilary glands) Holocrine-secretes by rupturing the cell. (Example- oil glands.) </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Glandular </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul>
    14. 14. Nervous Tissue <ul><li>Main component in the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Contains neurons: highly specialized nerve cells that generate and conduct nerve impulses </li></ul><ul><li>Branches cells with cytoplasnic extensions, allowing them to respond to stimuli and transmit electrical impulses </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of various types of supporting cells. (Non conducting cells that support, insulate and protect the neurons.) </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul>
    15. 15. Muscle Tissue <ul><li>Highly cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Well vascularized </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most types of body movement </li></ul><ul><li>Possess myrofilaments, which are versions of actin and myosin filaments that bring movement or contraction in all cell types </li></ul><ul><li>Three types: skeletal, cardiac and smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul>
    16. 16. Skeletal Muscle <ul><li>Voluntary muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Connective tissue sheets that attach to the bones of the skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Form flesh of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Cells are also called muscle fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul>
    17. 17. Cardiac Muscle <ul><li>Found only in the wall of the heart </li></ul><ul><li>To help propel blood through the blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Striated </li></ul><ul><li>Uninucleate and cells branch together at junctions called intercalated discs </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul>
    18. 18. Smooth Muscle <ul><li>No visible striations </li></ul><ul><li>Spindle shaped with centrally located nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Found in walls of hollow organs to squeeze substances within or out of the organ </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul>
    19. 19. Credits <ul><li>ALL TEXT COURTESY OF: </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>7 TH EDITION </li></ul><ul><li>BY: ELAINE N. MARIEB, R.N.,PH.D. </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>KATJA HOEHN, M.D.,PH.D. </li></ul><ul><li>COPYRIGHT © 2007 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. </li></ul><ul><li>PHOTOS THAT APPEAR ON THE ELASTIC, FIBROCARTILAGE, BONE, BLOOD, AREOLAR, ADIPOSE, REGULAR, EPITHELIUM, PSEUDOSTRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM, STRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM, NERVOUS TISSUE, MUSCLE TISSUE, AND </li></ul><ul><li>SMOOTH MUSCLE SLIDES WERE ALL TAKEN BY : </li></ul><ul><li>ANGELINE PIERSON </li></ul><ul><li>IMAGES USED ROYALTY FREE OR UNDER CREATIVE COMMONS: </li></ul><ul><li>TISSUES: </li></ul><ul><li>ROYALTY-FREE GETTY IMAGE 7301634 </li></ul><ul><li>CONNECTIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/EECUE/92522517 </li></ul><ul><li>CARTILAGE: </li></ul><ul><li>ROYALTY-FREE GETTY IMAGE </li></ul><ul><li>56961312 </li></ul><ul><li>HYALINE: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244976013/ </li></ul><ul><li>CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/SAULIN/477230791 </li></ul><ul><li>LOOSE: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLCIKR..COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244985011 </li></ul><ul><li>RETICULAR: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLCIKR.COM/PHOTOS/8474332@N04/1377314862 </li></ul><ul><li>DENSE: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244964368 </li></ul><ul><li>IRREGULAR: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/PBCHUA/750577015 </li></ul><ul><li>EPITHELIAL: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICR.COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244960327 </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244967339 </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/13798178N08/1399343742 </li></ul><ul><li>STRATIFIED EPITHELIA: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/CHRISTIRAINES/376746796 </li></ul><ul><li>STRATIFIED CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/CHRISTIRAINES/376749258 </li></ul><ul><li>GLANDULAR EPITHELIA: </li></ul><ul><li>ROYALTY-FREE GETTY IMAGE VIS97713 </li></ul><ul><li>ENDOCRINE GLANDS: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://S184.PHOTOBUCKET.COM/ALBUMS/X294/ANAPHYSO/SLIDES%20REPRODUCTIVE%20AND%20ENDOCRINE/?ACTION=VIEW&CURRENT=IMG_9448.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>EXOCRINE GLANDS: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://S104.PHOTOBUCKET.COM/ALBUMS/M176/BIOL308/EXERCISE%207-INTEGUMENTARY%20AND%20MUSCULO-SKELETAL%20SYS/?ACTION=VIEW&CURRENT=THINSKIN6.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>UNICELLULAR EXOCRINE GLANDS: </li></ul><ul><li>ROYALTY-FREE GETTY IMAGE 56961326 </li></ul><ul><li>MULTICELLULAR EXOCRINE GLANDS: </li></ul><ul><li>ROYALTY-FREE GETTY IMAGE 56961289 </li></ul><ul><li>MUSCLE TISSUE: </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/MATTHEWKENNY/372588353 </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE SQUAMOUS: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/CHRISTIRAINES/376737071/ </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/11151447@N00/259182432/ </li></ul><ul><li>STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244978565/ </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIUM: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/CHRISTIRAINES/376743413/ </li></ul><ul><li>CARDIAC MUSCLE: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/AKAY/244989926/ </li></ul><ul><li>SKELETAL MUSCLE: </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP://FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/AJAMER/241672669/ </li></ul><ul><li>SONGS PROVIDED BY: </li></ul><ul><li>KITANGUS: INTO THE WEST </li></ul><ul><li>TRACK 1 AND 14 </li></ul>(I know, I look slightly different now. That’s why I left my name down in the corner!)
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