Chapter 12 The Nervous SystemPresentation Transcript
-PLEGIA (paralysis)MONOPLEGIA MONOPLEGIA: is a paralysis of a single limb, usually an arm. It is frequently associated with cerebral palsy. This is the mildest form of cerebral palsy, and individuals with it generally have a good prognosis for later life. It can also be used if just one muscle group or muscle is affected. It is often referred to as HEMIPLEGIA with much less involvement of the other limb.
-PLEGIA (cont.)PARAPLEGIA PARAPLEGIA: an impairment in motor and/or sensory function of the lower extremities. It is usually the result of spinal cord injury or a congenital condition such as spina bifida which affects the neural elements of the spinal canal. The area of the spinal canal which is affected in paraplegia is either the thoracic, lumbar, or sacral regions. If the arms are also affected by paralysis, TETRAPLEGIA is the proper terminology.
-PLEGIA (cont.)QUADRIPLEGIA QUADRIPLEGIA: also known as TETRAPLEGIA, is paralysis caused by illness or injury that results in the partial or total loss of use of all limbs and torso. The loss is usually sensory and motor, which means that both sensation and control are lost.
-ESTHESIA (sensations)ANESTHESIA Anesthesia, or anaesthesia, has traditionally meant the condition of having sensation, including the feeling of pain, blocked or temporarily taken away. This allows patients to undergo surgeries and other procedures without distress and pain they would otherwise experience.
-ESTHESIA (cont.)ANESTHESIA ANESTHESIA is a pharmacologically induced reversible state of amnesia, loss of consciousness, loss of skeletal muscle reflexes and decreased stress response. GENERAL ANESTHESIA: a total lack of awareness experienced by the patient. SPINAL ANESTHETIC: a lack of awareness of a part or portion of the body experienced by the patient. (eg. spinal anesthetic, epidural anesthetic or nerve block)