Print by: Marissa Swinghammer
Valence Electrons: 3
Energy Levels: 2
1. Lithium is the least electropositive of the alkali group.
2. Lithium has about half the density of water, and ﬂoats in hydrocarbons.
3. Lithium metal is ﬂammable and potentially explosive when exposed to air
and especially water.
-Lithium is used in batteries.
-Lithium carbonate is used as a mood
stabilizer in the medical ﬁeld.
-Lithium stearate is a common all-purpose
Who, What, When, Where,
Who discovered it?
-José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva
When did he discover it?
Where did he discover it?
-In a Swedish iron mine on the island of Utö.
-He was mining.
What was it called?
-Petalite (lithium aluminum silicate)
1. Where is it found?
2. How is it gathered?
3. How is it puriﬁed?
1. It is found in igneous rock and mineral springs, brine
pools and deposits.
2. It is gathered by being separated from other elements in
igneous rock and extracted from the mineral springs, brine
pools and brine deposits.
3. It is puriﬁed by being separated from the other elements.
Dayah, Michael (1997). Dynamic Periodic Table. Retrieved April 28, 2009, from
Dynamic Periodic Table Web site: http://www.dayah.com/periodic
Swinghammer, Melissa (2008). Periodic Table Printmaking Project. Retrieved April 30,
2009, from Periodic Table Printmaking Project Web site: http://www.azuregrackle.com/
Barbalace, Kenneth (1999). Periodic Table of Elements: Lithium. Retrieved April 30,
2009, from Periodic Table of Elements: Lithium Web site: http://