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  • 1. Characterization
  • 2. What is Characterization?
    • The way an author creates and develops a fictional individual in a work. In literature the goal of characterization is to explore human psychology and motivation.
  • 3. Creating a Character
    • Direct Characterization
      • Use of explicit detail to describe a character either through exposition by a narrator or through the words of characters in the story.
      • Example:
        • “In real life I am a large, big-boned woman with rough, man-working hands.” (Everyday Use, p.174)
        • “Dee wanted nice things.” (Everyday Use, p. 175)
  • 4. Creating a Character
    • Indirect Characterization
      • The use of actions or implication to detail a character. The reader understands the character through what the character says or does.
      • Example: (Everyday Use)
        • We know from the way Mama has cleaned up and her fantasy that she feels inferior to her daughter Dee.
        • We know that Dee is pretentious and not a good daughter from the way she treats her mother.
  • 5. Creating a Character
    • Dynamic Character
      • A character who through an experience or epiphany undergoes a distinct change of character, personality or outlook.
        • It must be consistent with the individual’s characterization as dramatized in the story.
        • It must be sufficiently motivated by the circumstances in which the character is placed.
        • The story must offer sufficient time for the change to take place and still be believable.
  • 6. Creating a Character
    • Static Character
      • A character who is essentially the same person from the beginning of the story to the end.
  • 7. Creating a Character
    • Round Character
      • A complex, and many-sided character demonstrating multiple personality traits. The round character has the three-dimensional quality of a real person.
      • Example
        • Huck Finn
        • Holden Caulfield
  • 8. Creating a Character
    • Flat Character
      • A character who has one or two dominant personality traits.
      • Examples:
        • Scrooge in “A Christmas Carol” is miserly but little else.
        • Dee in “Everyday Use” is pretentious and snobbish but we know little else about her.
  • 9. Creating a Character
    • Stock Character
      • A special kind of flat character in which the author utilizes stereotypes to create the character
        • The crazy scientist
        • The brilliant detective
        • The glamorous spy