Cognitive Theory <br />By: Stephanie B. <br />
The Basics<br />Based on the brain and how it learns/processes information. <br />Reaction to the popular behaviorist theo...
Key People <br />Allan Paivio<br />Robert Gagne <br />Howard Gardner<br />Benjamin Bloom<br />Jean Piaget <br />Albert Ban...
Dual Coding Theory<br />Heavily supported by Paivio<br />2 ways of learning:<br />Processing images<br />Processing langua...
Bloom’s Taxonomy <br />6 levels within the cognitive domain that are used to acquire knowledge.<br />Has been linked to ma...
Theory of Multiple Intelligences <br />Developed by Gardner <br />Includes 8 recognized intelligences:<br />Linguistic<br ...
Stage Theory of Cognitive Development<br />Developed by Piaget<br />Includes 4 stages:<br />Sensorimotor<br />Preoperation...
Teacher’s Role<br />Provide instruction in a variety of ways, such as:<br />Computer games, written notes, lecture, videos...
Students’ role <br />Students learn in sequence, from simple to complex<br />Use computer programs to build on previous kn...
Cognitive theory and Exceptional Education<br />Basic scaffolding can be useful for students with learning disabilities<br...
Credits <br />Graphics from:<br />Clip Art in PowerPoint. <br />Information from:<br />http://www.learning-theories.com/<b...
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Cognitive theory

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Cognitive theory

  1. 1. Cognitive Theory <br />By: Stephanie B. <br />
  2. 2. The Basics<br />Based on the brain and how it learns/processes information. <br />Reaction to the popular behaviorist theory in the 1960s.<br />Says people are not “programmed animals” that only respond to the environment<br />Basis for constructivism theory <br />
  3. 3. Key People <br />Allan Paivio<br />Robert Gagne <br />Howard Gardner<br />Benjamin Bloom<br />Jean Piaget <br />Albert Bandura<br />
  4. 4. Dual Coding Theory<br />Heavily supported by Paivio<br />2 ways of learning:<br />Processing images<br />Processing language <br />Paivio believed both were equally important<br />Now thought that images are more important<br />
  5. 5. Bloom’s Taxonomy <br />6 levels within the cognitive domain that are used to acquire knowledge.<br />Has been linked to mastery learning <br />Levels from basic to complex:<br />Knowledge<br />Comprehension<br />Application<br />Analysis<br />Synthesis<br />Evaluation<br />
  6. 6. Theory of Multiple Intelligences <br />Developed by Gardner <br />Includes 8 recognized intelligences:<br />Linguistic<br />Logical- Mathematical<br />Visual-Spatial<br />Bodily- Kinesthetic<br />Musical<br />Interpersonal <br />Intrapersonal<br />Naturalist <br />
  7. 7. Stage Theory of Cognitive Development<br />Developed by Piaget<br />Includes 4 stages:<br />Sensorimotor<br />Preoperational <br />Concrete operations<br />Formal operations<br />
  8. 8. Teacher’s Role<br />Provide instruction in a variety of ways, such as:<br />Computer games, written notes, lecture, videos, textbook readings, etc.<br />Engage students in lesson and provide immediate feedback<br />Arrange new skills to be attained from simple to complex, using scaffolding <br />
  9. 9. Students’ role <br />Students learn in sequence, from simple to complex<br />Use computer programs to build on previous knowledge <br />Must be motivated and pay attention<br />
  10. 10. Cognitive theory and Exceptional Education<br />Basic scaffolding can be useful for students with learning disabilities<br />Theory of multiples intelligences allows for teaching and assessing students with a variety of abilities<br />Dual Coding theory- many students with disabilities can use images to communicate and learn in place of words. <br />
  11. 11. Credits <br />Graphics from:<br />Clip Art in PowerPoint. <br />Information from:<br />http://www.learning-theories.com/<br />http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/index.htm<br />Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom, 6th Edition <br />

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