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Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
Cognitive theory
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Cognitive theory

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  • 1. Cognitive Theory
    By: Stephanie B.
  • 2. The Basics
    Based on the brain and how it learns/processes information.
    Reaction to the popular behaviorist theory in the 1960s.
    Says people are not “programmed animals” that only respond to the environment
    Basis for constructivism theory
  • 3. Key People
    Allan Paivio
    Robert Gagne
    Howard Gardner
    Benjamin Bloom
    Jean Piaget
    Albert Bandura
  • 4. Dual Coding Theory
    Heavily supported by Paivio
    2 ways of learning:
    Processing images
    Processing language
    Paivio believed both were equally important
    Now thought that images are more important
  • 5. Bloom’s Taxonomy
    6 levels within the cognitive domain that are used to acquire knowledge.
    Has been linked to mastery learning
    Levels from basic to complex:
    Knowledge
    Comprehension
    Application
    Analysis
    Synthesis
    Evaluation
  • 6. Theory of Multiple Intelligences
    Developed by Gardner
    Includes 8 recognized intelligences:
    Linguistic
    Logical- Mathematical
    Visual-Spatial
    Bodily- Kinesthetic
    Musical
    Interpersonal
    Intrapersonal
    Naturalist
  • 7. Stage Theory of Cognitive Development
    Developed by Piaget
    Includes 4 stages:
    Sensorimotor
    Preoperational
    Concrete operations
    Formal operations
  • 8. Teacher’s Role
    Provide instruction in a variety of ways, such as:
    Computer games, written notes, lecture, videos, textbook readings, etc.
    Engage students in lesson and provide immediate feedback
    Arrange new skills to be attained from simple to complex, using scaffolding
  • 9. Students’ role
    Students learn in sequence, from simple to complex
    Use computer programs to build on previous knowledge
    Must be motivated and pay attention
  • 10. Cognitive theory and Exceptional Education
    Basic scaffolding can be useful for students with learning disabilities
    Theory of multiples intelligences allows for teaching and assessing students with a variety of abilities
    Dual Coding theory- many students with disabilities can use images to communicate and learn in place of words.
  • 11. Credits
    Graphics from:
    Clip Art in PowerPoint.
    Information from:
    http://www.learning-theories.com/
    http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/index.htm
    Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom, 6th Edition

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