Four aspects of interior designing

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  • 1. GLASS PAINTS UPHOLSTRY PLUMBING Four Aspects of Interior Designing Presented By – Namrata and Archana (Batch I-01)
  • 2. Glass
  • 3. What is Glass?
    • Glass generally refers to hard, brittle, transparent material.
    • Glass is a combination of sand and other minerals that are melted together at very high temperatures to form a material that is ideal for a wide range of uses from packaging and construction to fibre optics.
  • 4. Advantages of Glass
    • Versatility
    • Visibility and Light Transmission
    • Energy Conservation
    • Security
    • Durability
    • Beauty & functionality
    • Scratch Resistant
    • Heat Safety
    • Easy Maintenance
    • Cost Effectiveness
  • 5. Use of Glass
    • Shower Screen
  • 6.
    • Glass Detail
    Use of Glass
  • 7.
    • Shower Screen
    Use of Glass
  • 8.
    • Partition
    Use of Glass
  • 9.
    • Decorative Mirror
    Use of Glass
  • 10.
    • Glass Tiles
    Use of Glass
  • 11.
    • Door Partition
    Use of Glass
  • 12.
    • Decorative Panels
    Use of Glass
  • 13.
    • Frameless Glass Door
    Use of Glass
  • 14. Types Of Glass
    • Frosted Glass
  • 15.
    • Textured Glass
    Types Of Glass
  • 16.
    • Stained Glass
    Types Of Glass
  • 17.
    • Coloured Glass
    Types Of Glass
  • 18.
    • Opaque Glass
    Types Of Glass
  • 19.
    • Figured Glass
    Types Of Glass
  • 20.
    • Tinted Glass
    Types Of Glass
  • 21. Paints
  • 22. WHAT IS PAINT?
    • Paint is a colouring composition made up of 4 types of components:
    • Pigment
    • Binder
    • Solvent/Liquid Carrier
    • Additives
  • 23. WHAT IS PAINT? …contd
    • Pigments give colour and opacity/covering power.
    • The binder is the material that forms the film, giving protection and keeping the pigment in place and evenly dispersed.
    • The solvent is used to effect the application of the coating. It thins the paint or varnish, allowing it to be brushed or sprayed.
    • Additives are used, in small amounts, to modify the film or paint. eg. quick drying,flow control etc
  • 24. Types of Paints
    • OIL PAINT
    • Oil paint is a type of slow-drying paint.Common modern applications of oil paint are in finishing and protection of wood in buildings and exposed metal structures.
    • Its hard-wearing properties and luminous colors make it desirable for both interior and exterior use on wood and metal.
  • 25. Types of Paints
  • 26. Types of Paints
    • ENAMEL PAINT
    • Enamel paints are a kind of hard paint with a glossy finish. Enamel paints can be made by adding varnish in ordinary oil-based paint.
    • Enamel paint is also used on wood to make it resistant to external elements through the waterproofing and rot proofing characteristics of enamel. Enamel painted surfaces are longer lasting and more resistant to wear and tear than unpainted or untreated surfaces.
  • 27.
    • Varieties of Enamel Paints
    • Floor Enamel : it is used for concrete surfaces, stairs, basements, porches and patios.
    • Fast Dry Enamel : fast drying enamels dry within 15-20 minutes of their application. Ideal for painting refrigerators, counters and for other industrial finishes.
    • High-temp enamel : high temperature enamel paints are extremely heat resistant.
    • Anti rust enamel : used for painting rust susceptible items.
    Types of Paints
  • 28. Types of Paints
  • 29. Types of Paints
    • DISTEMPER
    • Distemper is an early form of whitewash, also used as a medium for artistic painting, usually made from powdered chalk or lime and size (a gelatinous substance).
    • Distempered surfaces can be easily marked and discoloured, and cannot be washed down, so distemper is best suited to temporary and interior decoration
  • 30. Types of Paints
    • DISTEMPER
    Types of Paints
  • 31. Types of Paints
    • DUCO PAINT
    • Duco, a durable, quick-drying finish invented by DuPont,becoming the standard finish on automobiles, hardware, appliances and toys.
  • 32. Types of Paints
    • DUCO PAINT
  • 33. Types of Paints
    • TEXTURED PAINTS
    • Textured painting is done by special techniques to create certain effects like comb effect, wood effect, roller effect etc.
  • 34. Types of Paints
    • TEXTURED PAINTS
    Types of Paints
  • 35. Upholstery
  • 36. What is Upholstery?
    • Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.
    • Upholstery refers to the materials used to stuff and cover seats, couches, chairs, and most furniture that requires such. Upholstery can include a variety of materials including leather and vinyl, foam and cotton padding.
  • 37. What is Upholstery?
  • 38. Sofa
    • MATERIALS
    • Cotton
    • leather
    • Rexene
    • velvet
  • 39. Sofa
  • 40. Leather
    • Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. The tanning process converts the putrescible skin into a durable, long-lasting and versatile natural material for various uses.
  • 41. Leather
  • 42. Leather
  • 43. Leather
  • 44. Dhurrie
    • The dhurrie, a simple rug that was once used as an underlay, has now become one of the state's best known weaving traditions. Weavers sit on looms in villages,
    • creating an interesting blend of patterns- mostly geometric, sometimes floral- in an exciting combination of colours.
  • 45. Dhurrie
    • TYPES
    • Silk dhurrie,
    • woolen dhurrie,
    • cotton dhurrie
  • 46. Dhurrie
  • 47. Dhurrie
  • 48. Carpet
    • A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of "pile" attached to a backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or a manmade fibre such as polypropylene, and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain their structure
  • 49. Types of Carpets
    • Wool and wool blended with synthetic fibres
    • Nylon
    • Polypropylene
    • Polyester
  • 50. Carpet
  • 51. Curtain
    • A curtain (sometimes known as a drape, mainly in the US, or drapery, mainly in the UK) is a piece of cloth intended to block or obscure light, or drafts, or water in the case of a shower curtain.
  • 52. Uses of Curtains
    • Privacy
    • Blocks Sunlight
    • Visual Value
    • Insulation
  • 53. Materials for Curtains
    • Cotton
    • Velvet
    • Cotton Silk
    • Shiffon
  • 54. Curtains
  • 55. Curtains
  • 56. PLUMBING
  • 57. Bathtub
    • A bathtub is a plumbing fixture used for bathing. Most modern bathtubs are made of acrylic or fibreglass, but alternatives are available in enamel over steel or cast iron, copper, composites and other materials.
  • 58. Material for Bathtubs
    • Acrylic
    • Cast Iron
    • Fiberglass/Gelcoat (FRP)
    • Marble - Cultured
    • Marble - Natural
    • Mosaic/Ceramic Tile
    • Porcelain on Steel (POS)
    • Solid Surface
    • Wood
  • 59. Bathtub
  • 60. Bathtub
  • 61. Bathtub
  • 62. Jacuzzi
    • The trademarked Jacuzzi name is commonly used to refer to any bath with water jets, and can thus be considered a generalized trademark.
    • Jacuzzi is a company that produces whirlpool bathtubs and spas. Its first product was a bath with massaging jets.
  • 63. Jacuzzi
  • 64. Jacuzzi
  • 65.
    • Material for kitchen sink
    • Stainless steel
    • Under mount
    • Granite
    • These types of kitchen sink come in a variety of shapes, sizes and designs.
    Kitchen Sink
  • 66. Kitchen Sink
  • 67. Kitchen Sink
  • 68. Kitchen Sink
  • 69. Water Closet
    • A water closet is a room which contains a flush toilet, usually accompanied by a washbowl or sink. The term may also be used to refer specifically to a flush toilet
    • The design of a flush toilet allows people to eliminate waste and then flush it away through a series of pipes which lead, ideally, to a water treatment facility.
  • 70. Types of Water Closet
    • Indian Water closet
    • Anglo Indian Water closet
    • Western Water closet
  • 71. Dimensions of Water Closet
  • 72. Connections of Water Closet
  • 73. Western Water Closet
  • 74. Indian Water Closet
  • 75. Anglo Indian Water Closet
  • 76. Shower Panels
    • Shower panels are made of fiberglass and protect the walls of your shower and bathroom from water damage.
    • In addition, shower panels are much less expensive than traditional wall tiles and are much easier to work with.
  • 77. Shower Panels
  • 78. Shower Panels
  • 79. Shower Panels
  • 80. Overhead Shower
  • 81. Overhead Shower
  • 82. Basin
    • A basin is a bowl-shaped fixture that is used for washing hands or small objects.
    • It is available in different shapes such as square, round, oval, rectangle with or without rims, etc.
  • 83. Materials for Basin
    • Granite
    • Marble
    • Glass
    • Ceramic
    • Metal
    • Porcelain etc.
  • 84. Basin
  • 85. Basin
  • 86. Basin
  • 87. Tap
    • A tap is a valve controlling release of liquids or gas.
  • 88. Bib Cock
    • It is a faucet whose nozzle is bent downward
  • 89. Angle Cock
    • A two position valve located at both ends of the pipe.
  • 90. Stop Cock
    • A device to stop, start or regulate the flow of liquid or gas in pipes and conduits. Also known as a stop-cock, stop-valve or tap. ...
  • 91. Pillar Cock
    • A faucet whose nozzle is long
  • 92. Pipes
    • Water pipes are pipes or tubes, frequently made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC/uPVC), ductile iron, polyethylene, or copper, that carry pressurized and treated fresh water to buildings , as well as inside the building.
  • 93. Materials for Pipes
    • Ceramic
    • Fibreglass
    • Metal
    • Concrete
    • Plastic.
  • 94. Types of Pipes
    • Cast iron Pipe - better withstands chemical and mechanical pipe-cleaning equipment.
    • Galvanized steel Pipe - used for the transporting of gas as well as water
    • Copper Pipe - best option to supply hot/cold water to a modern house
    • Plastic Pipe - cheapest pipe used for domestic use
    • PVC or polyvinyl chloride - as sewers, drain pipes and cold water pressurised water piping
    • CPVC or chlorinated polyvinyl chloride – for hot and cold water supply applications.
  • 95. Traps
    • A trap is a U-, S-, or J-shaped pipe located below or within a plumbing fixture.
    • Types of traps:
    • P-trap
    • Q-trap
    • S-trap
    • Nahani trap
    • Gully trap
  • 96. Trap
  • 97. P-Trap
    • This trap is used with Indian water closet . The traps are made from cast iron or UPV sheet. This trap also has water seal and prevents entry of foul gases to the house.  
  • 98. S-Trap
    • This trap is similar to P- trap and is used for fixing water closets in toilets. The only difference between P- trap & S- trap is that P- trap is used for outlet through the wall whereas S. trap is used for outlet through the floor.
  • 99. Q-Trap
    • This trap is used in toilet under water closet. It is almost similar to S trap and is used in upper storey other than ground floor.
  • 100. Nahani Trap
    • This trap is provided in the floor to collect waste water from washbasin, shower, sink and bathroom etc. These are available in cast iron or UPVC material and have removable grating (JALI) on the top of the trap. The minimum depth of water seal should be 50 mm.
  • 101. Nahani Trap
  • 102. Gully Trap
    • These traps are constructed outside the building to carry waste water discharge from washbasin, sinks, bathroom etc. and are connected to the nearest building drain/sewer so that foul gases from sewer do not come to the house.
    • These are deep seal traps, the depth of water seal should be 50 mm minimum.
  • 103. Gully Trap
  • 104. Thank you