Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Biomass  Program  Overview
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Biomass Program Overview

2,004
views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,004
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
63
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Transcript

    • 1. DOE/EE/OBP Biomass Program Overview and Products R&D Western Regional Sun Grant Initiative Dr. Todd Werpy PNNL/DOE August 16, 2004
    • 2. Mission of OBP
      • “ The mission of OBP is to partner with U.S. industry to foster research and development on advanced technologies that will transform our abundant biomass resources into clean, affordable, and domestically-produced biofuels, biopower and high-value products. The result will be improved economic development, expanded energy supply options, and increased energy security”
    • 3. Program Goals Develop biorefinery-related technologies to the point that they are cost and performance competitive and are used by the nation’s transportation, energy, chemical, and power industries to meet their market objectives 2005: Demonstrate an integrated process for fuels production from biomass 2007: Complete technology development necessary to enable start-up demonstration of a biorefinery producing fuels, chemicals, and power 2010: Help U.S. industry to establish the first large-scale integrated biorefinery based on agricultural residues
    • 4. Strategy: Remove Technical Barriers Thermo-Chemical Platform Sugar Platform Biomass CO, H 2 , Bio-oils Sugar Feedstocks & Lignin Residues Advanced Biomass Process R&D Technology Validation and Systems Integration “The Integrated Biorefinery” Mixed Sugars Syngas, Pyrolysis-oils Fuels, Chemicals, Materials, Heat & Power
    • 5. Program Strategy
      • Analysis is used to identify major cost barrier areas in each element of the program
      • Research is dedicated to overcoming these barriers and reducing the cost of each process as well as the final integrated biorefinery
      • Program is driven by private public partnerships to ensure integrity of the program
      • Regular reviews are undertaken to ensure progress and fiduciary responsibility
      • Program is based on both near term and long R&D objectives
    • 6. Program Structure $6MM $5MM $16.9 MM $20 MM $21.7 MM Congressional Mandates - $41MM
    • 7. Biomass Program Funding
      • Three-fold increase in earmarks since 2000
      • EWD Earmarks have grown from 18% to over 47% of the total funding
      • Real decline in the available funds used in support planned R&D
      13 18 39 30 41 81 94 74 61 80 Earmarks Total Funds for Planned R&D Legend Earmarks and Total Funding Millions of Dollars per Year
    • 8. Building the Bio-refinery
      • Maximize the value from the existing infrastructure
      • Bring lignocellulosics into those existing facilities
      • Build stand alone lignocellulosic facilities
    • 9. An Example of a Grains Bio-refinery Corn Wet Mill starch corn oil corn gluten meal corn gluten feed food & industrial starches hydrolysis glucose fuel ethanol high fructose corn syrup fermentation sorbitol • foodstuffs • pharma . polyols isosorbide hydrogenation other citric acid lysine xanthan gums itaconic acid & other fermentation products industrial oils lactic acid PLA polymers • resins & plastics applications • polyesters • surfactants • pharmaceuticals deicers solvents coatings glycerol food oils feed oils Corn Wet Mill starch corn oil corn gluten meal corn gluten feed food & industrial starches hydrolysis glucose fuel ethanol high fructose corn syrup fermentation sorbitol foodstuffs pharma . polyols isosorbide hydrogenation Other sweeteners citric acid lysine xanthan gums itaconic acid & other fermentation products industrial oils lactic acid PLA polymers resins & plastics applications polyesters surfactants pharmaceuticals deicers solvents coatings glycerol food oils feed oils Phytochemicals C-5 Products Xylitol & polyols Bio-diesel Di-acids Epoxides Diols Diacids Polymers Vinyl Monomer Other Products Of Fermentation
    • 10. Building the Biorefinery Current Portfolio Biomass Feedstock Starch Cellulose Lignin Hemi-Cellulose Oil Industrial Starches Protein Xylose Arabinose Glucose Liquid Fuels (EtOH) Lactic Acid PLA Xylitol Arabinitol Succinic Acid Itaconic Acid PG and EG 1,3-PDO Esters Isosorbide PG and EG 3-HP (Acrylic Acid) Liquid Fuels (EtOH) Polyols Pyrolyis Oil Gasification Animal Feed
    • 11. Current Status of Ethanol Dry Mills
      • Economics can be difficult
        • Current ethanol facilities are limited to only two products, ethanol and DDG
        • Economics are highly dependent of value of the co-product DDG
        • Significant energy costs are associated with the drying of DDG
        • Markets for DDG are not always favorable and will deteriorate as additional ethanol facilities come on line
    • 12. Strategies for Creating Additional Value
      • Modify dry mills to include a quick steeping process that allows germ recovery
      • Add an intermediate filtration process to recovery non-starch derived sugars (hemicellulose)
      • Develop new fermentations for utilization of five carbon sugars (itaconic acid, succinic acid, etc)
      • Develop new chemistry to produce value added products from hemi-cellulose (sugar alcohols, polyols)
      • Include an energy component-gasify “DDG or modified DDG” to produce fuel gas
    • 13. Current Ethanol Process Corn Dry Grind Liquefaction Scarification Fermentation Primary Distillation Distillation Rectifier Molecular Sieves Centrifuge Triple Effect Evaporator DDG Dryer DDG Animal Feed Ethanol Solids 50% EtOH 95% EtOH 100% EtOH Liquids Water Recycle Solids
    • 14. The Holistic Ethanol Facility Corn Quick Steep Scarification Filtration Fermentation Ethanol Recovery Molecular Sieves “ Fiber” Hydrolysis New DDG Animal Feed Ethanol Starch EtOH 95% EtOH 100% EtOH Germ Separation Fermentation Catalytic Conversions Gasification Fuel/Power EG, PG Glycerol, Etc Itaconic Succinic, Etc Oil
    • 15. The New Ethanol Bio-Refinery
      • Build a bio-refinery based on creating the maximum value from each component associated with the feedstock
      • Includes a fuel component, energy component, and value added products component
      • Will allow for expansion of ethanol utilization based on solid economics
      • Energy independence for the facilities could be critical to financial stability
      • Be the model to build future lignocellulosic facilities
    • 16. Chemicals and Materials Analysis
      • Used the current petrochemical refinery as a model
      • Surveyed over 350 chemical/material opportunities
      • Reduced initial 350 to 30
      • Reduced 30 to 12 based primarily on the following:
        • Economic considerations
        • Technical considerations
        • Building block strategies
    • 17.  
    • 18. 5-Carbon Building Blocks C5 Itaconic acid Furfural Levulinic acid Glutamic acid Xylonic acid Xylitol/Arabitol Methyl succinate derivatives (see above), unsaturated esters Many furan derivatives  -aminolevulinate, 2-Methyl THF, 1,4-diols, esters, succinate EG, PG, glycerol, lactate, hydroxy furans, sugar acids Amino diols, glutaric acid,substituted pyrrolidones Lactones, esters
    • 19. Itaconic Acid Itaconic acid 3-Methyl THF 2-Methyl-1,4-BDO 3- & 4-Methyl-GBL 2-Methyl-1,4-butaneiamine Itaconic diamide 3 - & 4-Methyl NMP And other pyrrolidones 3-Methylpyrrolidine Styrene-butadiene copolymers
    • 20. Chemicals and Materials ‘Top Ten” Analysis
      • Mapping the potential for chemicals and materials from platform outputs
      • ChemicalsFutureDiagram . ppt
      • Future activities will include working with industry to identify areas of needed R&D
        • Includes solicitations
        • Includes core R&D activities
    • 21. Value-Added Building Blocks Derived From Sugars xylitol/arabinitol sorbitol glycerol 3-hydroxybutyrolactone levulinic acid itaconic acid glutamic acid glucaric acid aspartic acid 3 hydroxy propionic acid 2,5 furan dicarboxylic acid 1,4 succinic, fumaric and malic acids Building Blocks
    • 22. Key Technology Hurdles for Products
      • Fuels
        • Improved fermentation of five carbon sugars
        • More robust fermentations that withstand the impurities from pretreatment
        • Mixed fermentations
        • Fermentation rates
    • 23. Key Technology Hurdles for Products
      • Chemicals and Materials
        • Fermentations
          • Reduce the cost of both aerobic and anaerobic fermentations
          • Robustness of fermentations needs to be improved
          • Increase productivity of organisms
          • New engineering solution for aerobic fermentations
    • 24.  
    • 25. Key Technology Hurdles for Products
      • Chemicals and Materials
        • Catalysis
          • More selective catalysts are required
          • Aqueous phase catalysis
          • Catalyst robustness-improved resistance to fouling
          • Overall rates need to be improved
    • 26. Key Technology Hurdles for Products
      • Combined Heat and Power
        • Integration is key driver
        • How does excess power get transferred to the existing grid system
    • 27. On the DOE Horizon
      • Major solicitations in FY04
        • University led solicitation for fundamental research—up to 5 million dollars
        • Industry led solicitation for products—up to 10 million dollars
      • Major planned solicitations for FY05
        • Focused on a forest products biorefinery
        • Funding level TBD