Msf   Un Reform And Msf
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Msf Un Reform And Msf

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presented by Eric Goemaere

presented by Eric Goemaere

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Msf   Un Reform And Msf Msf Un Reform And Msf Presentation Transcript

  • Un humanitarian reform , coordination mechanism MSF position DHA Africa Eric Goemaere, MSF SA country director
  • The UN humanitarian reform
    • UN agenda :
      • building a stronger more predictable response system ,
      • coordinate finances
      • trigger leadership
  • A problem of identity
    • Two main sources of confusions :
      • Political <-> humanitarian agenda
        • (peace making ( enforcing) ,democracy, social justice, good governance, “hearts and minds”
      • Humanitarian action <-> development
        • Resident coordinator frequently humanitarian coordinator ( all Southern African countries except Zimbabwe)
  • UN perspective : a need to coordinate actions
    • Within the UN families
    • Within the INGO’s:
      • 37.000 INGO’s formed in the 90’only
      • Diverse and motives : political , religious, financial ( Ache tsunami)
      • Trend to privatize logistical functions
      • Embedded NGO’s
    • Within local NGO
      • since 2003, >1000 local NGO’s created in Kabul only within 18 months
      • Actually not really invited
  • MSF perspective : a priority for independence and clear identity
    • High intensity conflict settings : independence =security
      • Irak / Somalia / Afghanistan :
    • Impartiality
      • Sierra Leone/Angola : the good and and the bad victims
    • Avoid confusion between humanitarian and political identity
    • Advocacy based on consensus ? Smallest common denominator
  • Humanitarian dilemma : between Icarus and Sisyphus
    • Icarus :
      • a peace/democracy/”better world” maker
      • legitimacy issues
      • Looking for “the solution”
    • Sisyphus
      • An ongoing frustration to save human suffering
  • MSF perspective : does it answer initial objectives ?
    • Stronger humanitarian response ?
    • Financial coordination ( Cerf) : beyond reach for most
    • Leadership
    • No coordination does not mean no collaboration : sharing information -> define an operational strategy -> define a common positioning
    • Context specific
  • Humanitarian dilemma : the world is changing
    • A new political environment
      • refugees -> displaced
      • Urban migration and violence
      • Specific cultural identities
    • Re-emerging state sovereignty
      • “ deregulated environment” -> state sovereignty
      • Sphere standards <-> national rules and regulations
      • Regional political entities ( AU, SADC,..)
  • Humanitarian dilemma : the world is changing
    • Civil society is emerging
      • Top-down versus bottom-up approaches
      • Challenging to their own leaders
      • Challenging the Un legitimacy ( Joburg xenophobic violence)
      • Closer to the beneficiaries ( Access to ARV’s)
  • Is there a future for a UN driven humanitarian system ?
    • Failure to protect overshadows the assistance potential successes
    • Accountability of the UN system <-> versus citizen pressure on their own government ?
      • Building democracy ?
    • Universalism of the “humanitarian system” ethos ?
      • not everyone’s value …ICC and President El Bashir
  • MSF internal reflexion
    • Independence might become isolationism
    • Nobel peace prize paradox
    • New emerging situations ( urban violence, HIV/Aids, epidemics..) require a new modus operandi
      • More networking (local NGO’s, political factions )
      • Smaller teams , more infiltrative
      • Internationalization -> Cultural mix
      • Less standard , more adaptation
      • Controlling our size