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Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
Msf   Un Reform And Msf
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Msf Un Reform And Msf

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presented by Eric Goemaere

presented by Eric Goemaere

Published in: Education, Economy & Finance
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  • 1. Un humanitarian reform , coordination mechanism MSF position DHA Africa Eric Goemaere, MSF SA country director
  • 2. The UN humanitarian reform
    • UN agenda :
      • building a stronger more predictable response system ,
      • coordinate finances
      • trigger leadership
  • 3. A problem of identity
    • Two main sources of confusions :
      • Political <-> humanitarian agenda
        • (peace making ( enforcing) ,democracy, social justice, good governance, “hearts and minds”
      • Humanitarian action <-> development
        • Resident coordinator frequently humanitarian coordinator ( all Southern African countries except Zimbabwe)
  • 4. UN perspective : a need to coordinate actions
    • Within the UN families
    • Within the INGO’s:
      • 37.000 INGO’s formed in the 90’only
      • Diverse and motives : political , religious, financial ( Ache tsunami)
      • Trend to privatize logistical functions
      • Embedded NGO’s
    • Within local NGO
      • since 2003, >1000 local NGO’s created in Kabul only within 18 months
      • Actually not really invited
  • 5. MSF perspective : a priority for independence and clear identity
    • High intensity conflict settings : independence =security
      • Irak / Somalia / Afghanistan :
    • Impartiality
      • Sierra Leone/Angola : the good and and the bad victims
    • Avoid confusion between humanitarian and political identity
    • Advocacy based on consensus ? Smallest common denominator
  • 6. Humanitarian dilemma : between Icarus and Sisyphus
    • Icarus :
      • a peace/democracy/”better world” maker
      • legitimacy issues
      • Looking for “the solution”
    • Sisyphus
      • An ongoing frustration to save human suffering
  • 7. MSF perspective : does it answer initial objectives ?
    • Stronger humanitarian response ?
    • Financial coordination ( Cerf) : beyond reach for most
    • Leadership
    • No coordination does not mean no collaboration : sharing information -> define an operational strategy -> define a common positioning
    • Context specific
  • 8. Humanitarian dilemma : the world is changing
    • A new political environment
      • refugees -> displaced
      • Urban migration and violence
      • Specific cultural identities
    • Re-emerging state sovereignty
      • “ deregulated environment” -> state sovereignty
      • Sphere standards <-> national rules and regulations
      • Regional political entities ( AU, SADC,..)
  • 9. Humanitarian dilemma : the world is changing
    • Civil society is emerging
      • Top-down versus bottom-up approaches
      • Challenging to their own leaders
      • Challenging the Un legitimacy ( Joburg xenophobic violence)
      • Closer to the beneficiaries ( Access to ARV’s)
  • 10. Is there a future for a UN driven humanitarian system ?
    • Failure to protect overshadows the assistance potential successes
    • Accountability of the UN system <-> versus citizen pressure on their own government ?
      • Building democracy ?
    • Universalism of the “humanitarian system” ethos ?
      • not everyone’s value …ICC and President El Bashir
  • 11. MSF internal reflexion
    • Independence might become isolationism
    • Nobel peace prize paradox
    • New emerging situations ( urban violence, HIV/Aids, epidemics..) require a new modus operandi
      • More networking (local NGO’s, political factions )
      • Smaller teams , more infiltrative
      • Internationalization -> Cultural mix
      • Less standard , more adaptation
      • Controlling our size

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