Watering down a colossal crisis
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Watering down a colossal crisis






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    Watering down a colossal crisis Watering down a colossal crisis Presentation Transcript

    • “ Many people have lived without love, but none without water.” Yes, to a massive degree! Here are a few simple steps towards sustainability : Can simple life style changes bail us out of today’s grave water crisis?
    • A slow dripping tap can waste up to 30 liters of water a day! Get all leaks fixed right away. Start accumulating the leak in a bucket/mug instantly. Dropping some (food) colour in the toilet tank could help detect the leakage. On how many days a year, does your home/office bear NO water leak at all?
    • Run the water tap with minimal force, only when needed. Close it tightly after each use. Keep it closed while
      • Applying soap
      • Rubbing the brush
      • Using the shaving razor
      • Scrubbing/soaping vessels
    • - A dual flush system can operate at half (& full) the tank capacity. Flush very judiciously. Get a low flush toilet that lets you regulate the water outflow. * http://www.wikihow.com/Convert-Any-Toilet-to-a-Low-Flush-Toilet Indian squat toilets: Extremely water efficient and hygienic! Don’t use the toilet as a wastebasket! upto 16 litres of potable water Every time you flush, goes down the drain! Source: “Hunting Down Water”, an award-winning documentary
    • Choose a restrained bucket bath, over an extravagant shower bath. The shorter, the better. Bath tubs are a great deal worse.
    • Clean vehicles, floor, etc. water economically. to cool the house exteriors, etc.! Why pour water when a wet cloth could do it? Water is too scarce a resource to be splashed about Delhi alone guzzles 4.5 crore liters of water for car washing!* * Source : “Hunting Down Water”, an award-winning documentary
    • Efficiency needs to be extended to water too! Prefer semi automatic. It lets you reduce the cycle time and reuse the water for another load.
      • Must choose an automatic one? Go for front loading, then.
      Planning to buy a washing machine?
      • Lower the washing frequency.
      • Running the machine only at full load saves energy as well as water.
    • An RO (Reverse Osmosis) filter discards double the quantity of water it purifies. * Employ it only when unavoidable.
      • Can’t do away with RO?
      • Pick a unit that retains maximum water.
      • Bucket the outgoing water.
      • Reuse it in cleaning, washing cloths, gardening, etc.
      Yet another practical way to reuse water: Wash fruits & vegetables in a bowl (& utilize that water elsewhere). * Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Disadvantages
    • Rainwater harvesting Catch me when you can! Collecting rainwater is inevitable for meeting the rapidly rising freshwater demand. It also prevents the flooding of streets. A one-time solar investment fetches recurring power and monetary savings. Btw, cold water baths (if used judiciously) offer several health benefits [e.g., accelerated blood circulation]. Solar systems for water heating (& lighting)
    • [1] http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthglacier.html [2] http://www.enn.com/top_stories/article/38627 [3] The ‘Water in a Changing World’ report by the UN [4] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090119210532.htm Climate change severely aggravates our water plight.
      • Glaciers store about 75% of the world's freshwater. [1]
      • Gravely many Himalayan glaciers, which feed seven Asian rivers,
      • may disappear by 2035, propelled by global warming. [2]
      By 2030, global warming will have pushed more than half the world's population onto “areas of high water stress”. – the UN [3] Even a skeptic, who questions the exactness of these predictions, would admit that they are unlikely to be off by much. "Scientists Agree Human-induced Global Warming Is Real, Survey Says” . [4]
    • Just a minor temperature rise? Not quite! [1] www.washprofile.org/en/node/3381 [2] Centre for Science and Environment [3] National Crime Records Bureau Climate change perturbs the entire weather cycle, inducing more & mightier calamities. Between 1973 and 1982, about 1,500 natural disasters occurred, while from 1993 to 2002 they increased to as many as 6,000! [1] 68% of our farming needs rain - the right amount (not less, not more), at the right time. [2] 1.84 lakh farmers committed suicide between 1995 & 2007. [3]
      • Floodwater contains infectious organisms, and chemical & other waste.
      • Grossly inadequate mechanisms to store rainwater before it hits the
      • drains/oceans.
      How come floods and (safe) water crisis rise together?
    • Thankfully, the climatic crisis too can be conquered! What follows are components of Individual Environmental Responsibility :
      • ‘ Deadly dozen’ diseases could stem from global warming. [1]
      [1] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/10/081007-climate-diseases.html [2] http://business.rediff.com/slide-show/2009/dec/10/slide-show-1-countries-worst-hit-by-climate-change.htm
      • India is one of the 10 countries worst hit by climate change. [2]
      • 100s of millions of barrels of oil eaten up annually in plastic production [4]
      • Paper items wipe out a few billion trees , every year. [5]
      • Colossal consumption of energy [Production, Transportation & Disposal]
      [1] http://www.copperwiki.org/index.php/Plastic_bags [2] EPI: http://www.earth-policy.org [3] Environmental Protection Agency 1500 bottles end up as garbage, every second! [2] 1 million plastic bags are consumed every minute! [1] Only 6.8% of all plastics were recycled in 2007. [3] Just (re)use, don’t throw! [4] http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/ask/crudeoil_faqs.asp#plastics [5] http://ecology.com/features/paperchase/ In place of multiple Plastic bags Disposable cups Tissue papers Disposable water bottles Use one Jute/cloth bag Mug/glass Handkerchief Reusable bottle Growingly gigantic landfills, and now ocean-fills!
    • A screen saver saves nothing & burns energy. Increasing reliance on diesel generators Skyrocketing energy consumption Dangerous levels of damaging pollutants (including Black Carbon & Nitrogen Oxides) Escalating power cuts Why not switch off the monitor every time we leave the desk for few minutes or more?
    • Configure power options such that the monitor closes after an idle time of few minutes, and the CPU/laptop hibernates after half an hour, automatically. Suspend or hibernate it for breaks >= ½ hour. A computer that runs 24 hours a day uses more power than an efficient fridge! * Turn off the CPU/laptop at the end of the day.
    • Buying locally made food & goods - as opposed to imported items from malls - averts the hefty emissions tied to transportation. Exception : The locally sold stuff that lacks energy-efficiency Food production (farming) is exceedingly water intensive. Goods production is a prodigious polluter and energy-eater. Eliminate food wastage. Shop only what you need. Purchase products with minimal/reusable packaging.
    • Cut down on meat as much as possible. “ Nothing will benefit human health and increase chances of survival of life on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet.” Animal products accounts for 51% of the world's total emissions! - “ Livestock and Climate Change” by Goodland and Anhang, World Bank environmental advisers Several times higher water footprint (compared to the same quantity of veg food) Enormous agricultural (& forest) land occupied for cattle breeding, aggravating the already alarming crisis of food (& tree-cover) Albert Einstein : Years of resource consumption (to raise animals) for one-time output!
    • 30% of India is asthma-hit! Choked roads? Where?! Just 2 buses!
    • Prefer Non-motorized (Cycle, Walk, Cycle Rickshaws) & Mass transport (Bus, Train, Shared autos, Vehicle pooling) It’s also good for the body and light on the wallet! Minimize the use of individual autos & personal vehicles. Flying less (and light) saves tremendous fuel/emissions. Sir Albert Einstein
    • Long walks/rides are as pleasurable as long drives, & healthy too! * Source : Bharat Petroleum {http://www.bharatpetroleum.com/YourCorner/petrozine/quart2_2008/index.html} If and when you must drive a motorized vehicle,
      • Electric cars do pollute (via the coal-based power they run on) , but less.
      • Keep the tyres fully filled (for increased mileage).
      • Turn off the engine at the signal when
      • the waiting time is > 15 seconds*.
    • Consider mileage/power consumption more than looks/comfort while buying vehicles and appliances. CRT LCD For instance, pay up a bit extra and buy a higher BEE * starred (say) fridge to save on power & money on a monthly basis. The same holds for TVs LCD is almost twice as efficient as CRT. CFL Tube lights can be replaced by CFLs of lower Watts, too. * Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Government of India Laptops consume less than half the power that desktops do!
      • Print only what’s absolutely necessary.
      • Print two-sided.
      • Utilize the blank spaces of unwanted
      • print-outs for rough work.
      * Source : http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_trees_do_you_save_with_one_ton_of_recycled_paper A 200-member company, with a daily average of only 2 print-outs per person, eats away 1 full tree in just ~20 days*.
      • Use notebooks thriftily, utilizing all available space.
    • Curtail the AC usage – at home and in the car [More desirable: Curtail the car usage!] Favour stairs to elevators whenever possible (e.g., while coming down).
    • * Source : http://dailypioneer.com/202087/Plug-the-Carbon-leaks.html Help prevent small kids from working in awfully Unhealthy & unsafe confines of fire cracker factories. We have a right to celebrate, but at what cost? Compost the kitchen waste [ dailydump.org ] . In the very least, throw it to the plants/garden. Segregate waste: bio-degradable (kitchen, paper) & otherwise. Sell as much waste as possible (plastic, paper) to scrap dealers for recycling/reusing. Clichéd, but crucial: Plant & protect trees! Celebrate special days by funding tree plantations, at a nominal price per sapling (treesforfree.org) . A mature leafy tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people inhale in a year (on top of absorbing tons of CO2). *
    • Only after the last tree has been cut off, and the last river poisoned, will we realize that we can’t eat money!