The “Tió de Nadal”, also known as “Tió” or “Caga tió”.
in many Catalan homes during the Christmas holidays,
people put a log. The children of the house give food to
it because the “Tió” gives presents for them. When
they hit it on Christmas day
the children sing a special song for “Caga tió”, they hit the log
with a stick.
Here is a song of the “caga tió”
“ Popping log,
poop Christmas sweets
hazelnuts and cheese
if you don’t poop well
I’ll hit you with a stick
NEW YEAR EVE On the New Year Eve there is a great festival with fireworks and rockets. In Catalonia the people praise the new year meeting friends or family usually in their own homes or restaurants or in the centre of the city. Here, everybody eats twelve grapes, one for each stroke of the clock and when everyone ends the grapes, the people open their drinks and start a great party and a new year. Some people eat olives or mandarin grains instead of grapes. Also is typical of Catalonia that the girls wear a red piece of underwear.
The magic kings are three men, “Gaspar, Melchor and Baltasar “, they bring presents to children on the 6th of January. Before this day, a royal page boy arrives in the town and children give the list of presents they want. On the 5 th , at night, the magic kings parade on their coaches and give sweets to people. On the next morning everybody has many presents!
The “festa major” is a festival celebrated in every town of Spain once a year.
THE HUMAN TOWERS
A “casteller” is a person that is a member of a group called“colla castellera”. Each group competes with another group or "collas". This person wears typical clothes: shirt with a shield, white jeans, strip and a hanky. The groups or "collas" build human towers. It is a typical tradition but only in Catalonia and it is created by a popular dance called: “Balls de Valencia”. Actually, the castles or towers are complex buildings of people that are organized to create structures of nine and ten floors.
“ BASTONERS” AND “SARDANES”
The dance called “bastoners” is a popular dance of m any places in Catalonia. Nowadays there are more than 90 groups here. The history says that formerly this dance represented two grups fig h ting, because they are dancing with a stick. They are a lways dancing with “gralles” and drumms.
The “Sardana” is a popular and nacional dance in Catalonia. A “Sardana” always is companied of the “cobal” that is a typical band with 12 instruments. There are about 25.000 compositions of “Sardanes” and there are many different types. M any dancers form a circle and everybody gets the hands of other dancers and dance to right and left, this is a slowl dance.
GIANTS, “GRALLES” AND DRUMS
The giant is a monster that appears in many cultures. One of the features is that it is a human but bigger and higher. The origin comes usually from the stories of typical fairies in Europe.
The music of “grallers”accompanies the building of the human tower. In the band there are "grallers" and drummers. The songs that the band play s during the building of the castle is called: ” Toc de Castells”.
The “correfoc” means “fire run” and it is a tradition of Catalonia. Some people wear devil’s clothes and they play with fire and with the people. The devils dance to the sound of the drums and the “gralla”.
Escaldarium is a tipical festival of Caldes. This festival is celebrate d in a famous square of Caldes, “the square of lion”.
This consist of seven dances, four of fire and three of water, alternated. During the dances they play the music. (see the video)
BREAD WITH TOMATO
Bread with tomato is a typical food from Catalonia. You have to rub one slice of bread, previously toasted, or not, with red tomato. Also you add salt and olive oil. If you want, after toasting the bread and before rubbing the tomato, some people rub garlic to give it a spicy flavour.
Paela is a typical dish in Spain. In Paela there are rice, pepper, mussels, prowns, peas, rabbit, chicken, onion.... It is the favouite dish of tourist s when they come here.