Almost all the churches that were built during the Middle Ages were made of stone. A little wood was used on these churches. It was used on the ceilings, floors, and doors.
The church provided spiritual guidance and a place were people could get an education. Stained glass windows were used as a teaching method. The windows would tell bible stories and the lives of the saints.
The only universal European institution was the church.
It was very rich and powerful during the Middle Ages.
The church was organized like a government with laws. It even collected its own taxes. Some of these taxes went to help the poor. Most of the taxes were spent to build beautiful churches.
All the power within the church’s hierarchy was in the hands of the local bishops.
The nobles and the church worked together to control the common people. They wanted everyone to practice Christianity in a certain way.
Being a monk was one way to stay alive during the Middle Ages. Some young nobles became monks to avoid a life of constant battling. Monks lived in monasteries or abbeys. They worked and prayed. Women could also serve a religious life as a nun. Monks were often teachers who taught noble children. Some monks worked the land of the monastery, growing vegetables, herbs, and fruit. Some even had the job of praying for everyone else.
Women in the Middle Ages The women of the Middle Ages were totally dominated by the male members of their family. The women were expected to instantly obey not only their father, but also their brothers and any other male members of the family. Any unruly girls were beaten into submission and disobedience was seen as a crime against religion.
Long hair and curls hair were common for the medieval hairstyle.
In medieval times women who had a high status in the society always wore long hairs. Long hair was a kind of a distinguishing factor for the society status.
For most women the hairdos were curly in appearance, and they also attached the golden balls at the end of strands. During the medieval times the common people used minimal fancy items to decorate the hair. Some of them also used hair braiding. A lot of styles of hair braid were used during that times.
The massive Trebuchet consisted of a lever and a sling and was
capable of hurling stones
weighing 200 pounds with
a range of up to about 300
This siege weapon was designed to protect attackers and their ladders whilst storming a weak area of the castle wall. The tower was usually rectangular with four wheels and a height equal to that of the wall, or sometimes even higher.
Polearms - This type of Medieval weapon consisted of a razor-sharp blade mounted on a wooden shaft, or pole which was between 4 and 14 feet long!
The Lance was a long, strong, spear-like weapon touse on horseback.
The spear develop into the Medieval Lance and was also a popular weapon used during jousting tournaments.
The lance was made of wood, usually ash, with a metal tip made of iron or steel similar to a spear head.
Knights would paint their lance to match the colors of their livery or coats of arms.
The weapon measured from 9 to 14 feet in length.
The Shield Medieval Shields were developed protect a knight or soldier from the direct blows from the weapons of their enemies. Shields used during the Middle Ages were also used as bludgeoning weapons.
(a) A person who travels to a holy place; a pilgrim; also fig. ; (b) pilgrimes wede (wedes, clothes, clothing) the clothing of a pilgrim; ~ staf , a staff carried by a pilgrim; appareillen in pilgrim(es wise , to dress as a pilgrim; (c) a crusader; (d) one who journeys about to preach, a missionary; (e) in proverbs.
A traveler, wayfarer; also fig. ; also, a wanderer, wandering beggar.
Con’t 2. (a) An alien, a foreigner, a stranger, a sojourner; an exile for the Christian faith [quot.: c1384]; ben ~ , to dwell as a foreigner or sojourner; taken ~ , receive (a foreigner) as a guest; (b) as adj.: alien, foreign; (c) an unorthodox doctrine; as adj.: unorthodox. 3. Fig. A man or soul as an alien, a sojourner, traveler, or pilgrim; esp. one whose home or destination is heaven, etc. 4. Astrol. A planet which occupies none of the positions in the zodiac that could heighten its influence. 5. (a) The name of a drinking cup; (b) in the name of a horse; (c) as surname and place name.
6 Inspired hath in every holt and heeth In every wood and field has breathed life into
7 The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne The tender new leaves, and the young sun
8 Hath in the Ram his half cours yronne, Has run half its course in Aries,
9 And smale foweles maken melodye, And small fowls make melody,
10 That slepen al the nyght with open ye Those that sleep all the night with open eyes 11 (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages), (So Nature incites them in their hearts), 12 Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages, Then folk long to go on pilgrimages, 13 And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes, And professional pilgrims to seek foreign shores, 14 To ferne halwes, kowthe in sondry londes; To distant shrines, known in various lands;
15 And specially from every shires ende And specially from every shire's end 16 Of Engelond to Caunterbury they wende, Of England to Canterbury they travel, 17 The hooly blisful martir for to seke, To seek the holy blessed martyr, 18 That hem hath holpen whan that they were seeke. Who helped them when they were sick.