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California History

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  • 1. California History Kate Boyle 2009-2010 Fourth Grade
  • 2. The Coast Region
    • The coast region is the busiest and most populated region in California.
    • 3. Its climate is cool summers and mild winters.
    • 4. Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, and Oakland are this regions major cities.
  • 5. The Desert Region
    • The desert region is hot and dry and gets less than 10 inches of rain each year.
    • 6. Plants that grow here have deep roots and hold in lots of water in their stems.
    • 7. The Joshua Tree National Parks are good places to visit.
  • 8. The Mountain Region
    • The mountain region has the tallest mountain in the lower 48 states, Mt. Whitney.
    • 9. Tahoe and Ridgecrest are the major cities in that region.
    • 10. There are lots of timber and mining industries in the Mountain Region.
  • 11. The Valley Region
    • The valley region has good soil for for farming, dairy, and agriculture.
    • 12. Good cities to visit are Bakersfield, Fresno, and Sacramento.
    • 13. It has hot summers and cold winters which does not make it a good place to visit.
  • 14. Christopher Columbus
    • Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who decided to go to the Indies by sailing to the west instead of the east.
    • 15. He did not really find America he found Cuba and Haidie.
    • 16. Columbus had three ships and one was the Pinto.
  • 17. Juan Cabrillo
    • In 1542, Juan Cabrillo sailed from Mexico to find a route to Asia.
    • 18. He found San Diego, Cape San Martin, and San Miguel when he found “the new world.”
    • 19. Cabrillo named it Alta California which means Upper California.
  • 20. Sir Frances Drake
    • In 1579 Sir Frances Drake sailed along California's coast and found a bay near San Francisco.
    • 21. He named the bay Nova Albion which means New England.
    • 22. Sir Drake attacked many Spanish ships which made him the first pirate.
  • 23. Captain James Cook
    • Captain James Cook was a sailer, explorer, and a mapmaker.
    • 24. He mapped the coast of New Zealand, Australia, and Antarctica.
    • 25. Cook traveled to the west coast of North America and mapped it more accurately then others
  • 26. Father Junipero Serra
    • Father Serra was a Spanish missionary who left Majorca, Spain to spread his religion to others.
    • 27. When he visited America he set up nine missions with more than 100 Native Americans in each!
  • 28. Gaspar de Portola
    • Gaspar de Portola was sent by Spain in 1767 to set up a colony in California.
    • 29. When Portola arrived he set out on an expadition to Monterey.
    • 30. Father Juan Crespi and Father Junipero Serra accompanied Portola on his journys.
  • 31. Presidios
    • Presidio means fort in Spanish.
    • 32. The forts stopped Indians from leaving missions and stop other countries from getting into their land.
    • 33. Over 100 soldiers lived in the Presidios.
  • 34. Missions
    • Native Americans were sometimes forced into missions if they chose not to live in missions.
    • 35. The missionaries were protected by soldiers
  • 36. John Sutter
    • John Sutter built Sutters fort in 1841 where the Sacramento and American Rivers meet.
    • 37. He became very rich selling supplies to settlers that were passing through the area.
  • 38. Fort Ross
    • Fort Ross was founded by a Russian settler named Ivan Kuskov who was leading a group of Russian and Alaskan settlers to California.
    • 39. The fort was built to be a trading post to trade hunted otter pelt for goods.
  • 40. Jedediah Smith
    • Jedediah Smith was a fur trapper who came to California in 1826.
    • 41. He traveled over the Utah and Mojave Deserts.
    • 42. He came to California to trap beavers for their pelts.
  • 43. James Beckworth
    • James Beckworth was an African American guide and led settlers to California in the 1850's.
    • 44. His father was white but his mother was an African American slave.
  • 45. John Bidwell
    • Bidwell was one of the first settlers to come to California in the wagon train in 1841.
    • 46. He traveled from Independence, Missouri to California.
  • 47. John C. Fermont
    • Fermont made maps of California in the 1840's and then sent reports to the U.S government.
    • 48. Later, he helped in the Mexican American war.
  • 49. The 49ers
    • They left their homes in 1848 and arrived in California in 1849.
    • 50. 49ers came to mine for gold.
  • 51. Sam Brannan
    • Sam Brannan bought all the mining tools in CA and ran through town waving a bottle of gold and yelling.
    • 52. People came to him to buy gold mining tools and he became extremely rich.
  • 53. Levi Strauss
    • Levi Strauss was an entrepreneur or a person who starts a new business with a hope of making money.
    • 54. He invented denim jeans for miners because they needed tougher pants for gold mining.
  • 55. Bridget Biddy Mason
    • Biddy Mason was a slave that lived on a plantation.
    • 56. Her master brought her to CA where slavery was illegal and she petitioned for her freedom and won it.
    • 57. After she became a nurse and bought land around LA.
  • 58. Mary Tape
    • Mary Tape was a Chinese woman who moved to CA for her daughters education.
    • 59. When she found out the schools were segregated she sued the San Francisco Board of Education and a school for Chinese Americans was established.
  • 60. The Mexican American War
    • The Mexican American war took place in 1846.
    • 61. They were fighting over who should be in charge of California.
    • 62. America won and the war ended in 1848.
  • 63. About the Creator
    • My name is Kate Boyle.
    • 64. I am in fourth grade
    • 65. I have a retainer that is pink with a picture of a cat on it.
    • 66. I have two rabbits named willow and snowball.
    • 67. I love animals!