2009 COMPREHENSIVE EXAM READING LIST
Multiple Choice Sections Testing
Research Methods, Applied Social Scientific Statistics, and Criminological Theory
A. Research Methods
1. General Reference Texts in Research Design (any one of the following texts will suffice):
Babbie, E. (2010). The practice of social research (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth
Bachman, R. (2008). Fundamentals of research in criminology and criminal justice.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Creswell, J.W. (2008). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods
Approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Dantzker, M.L., & Hunter, R. D. (2005). Research methods for criminology and criminal
justice: A primer (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett.
Maxfield, M.G., & Babbie, E. (2008). Research methods for criminal justice and
criminology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
2. General Reference Texts in Qualitative Methods (any one of the following texts will
Berg, B.L. (2007). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (6th ed.).
Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
Creswell, J.W. (2006). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five
approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (2008). Strategies of qualitative inquiry (3rd ed.).
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (2006). The SAGE handbook of qualitative research (3rd
ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Yin, R. K. (2004) The case study anthology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
3. Required Article:
Kleck, G., Tark, J., & Bellows, J.J. (2006). What methods are most frequently used in
research in criminology and criminal justice? Journal of Criminal Justice, 34(2), 147-
B. Applied Social Scientific Statistics (any one of the following texts will suffice):
Frankfort-Nachmias, C. (2008). Social statistics for a diverse society (5th ed.).
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Miethe, T.D., (2007). Simple statistics: Applications in criminology and criminal justice.
Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing.
Jackson, S.L. (2005). Statistics: Plain and simple. Belmont, CA.: Wadsworth Publishing.
Salkind, N. J. (2006). Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics. (3rd ed.).
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
C. Criminological Theory
1. Required Readings:
Cullen, F.T. & Agnew, R. (2006) Criminological theory, past to preset: Essential
readings. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Crutchfield, R.D., Kubrin, E.E, Bridges, G.S., & Weis, J. G. (2008) Crime: Readings.
(3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
2. General Reference Texts (any one of the following texts will suffice):
Bohm, R.M. (2001). Primer on crime and delinquency theory (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA:
Brown, S.E., Esbensen, F.A. & Geis, G. (2006). Criminology: Explaining crime and its
context (6th ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Pub Co./Lexis-Nexis.
Hagan, F.E. (2007). Introduction to criminology: Theories, methods, and criminal
behavior (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Lilly, J.R., Cullen, F.T. & Ball, R.A. (2006). Criminological theory: Context and
consequences (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Miller, M., Schreck, C. & Tewksburg, R. (2008). Criminological theory: A brief
introduction. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Siegel, L.J. (2007). Criminology: The core. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing
3. Other Important Readings:
Note: You should be familiar with the authors listed below and the major ideas contained in the
sources cited. Most of these readings are discussed in the required text by Cullen & Agnew; others are
available either online or through our library.
Akers, R. L. (1998). Social learning and social structure: A general theory of crime and
deviance. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.
Andenaes, J. (1974). Punishment and deterrence. Ann Arbor, MI: University of
Antonaccio, O., & Tittle, C.R. (2008). Morality, self-control, and crime. Criminology,
Beccaria, C. (1963). On crimes and punishments (H. Paolucci, Trans.). Indianapolis, IN:
Bobbs-Merrill. (Original work published 1764). Available online at:
Becker, H.S. (1963). Outsiders: Studies in the sociology of deviance. New York, NY:
The Free Press.
Bentham, J. (1781). An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation.
Available online at:
Burgess, R.L. & Akers, R.L. (1966). A differential association-reinforcement theory of
criminal behavior. Social Problems, 14, 128-147.
Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, shame and reintegration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
Chambliss, W.J. (1964). A sociological analysis of the law of vagrancy. Social
Problems, 12, 67-77.
Chesney-Lind, M. (1981). Girls, crime, and women’s place: Towards a feminist model
of female delinquency. Crime and Delinquency, 35, 5-29.
Cloward, R.A. & Ohlin, L.E. (1960). Delinquency and opportunity: A theory of
delinquent gangs. New York, NY: The Free Press.
Cohen, L.E. & Felson, M. (1979). Social change and crime: A routine activity approach.
American Sociological Review, 44, 588-608.
Daly, K. (1997). Different ways of conceptualizing sex/gender in feminist theory and the
implications for criminology. Theoretical Criminology, 1(1), 25-51.
Dugdale, R. (1877). The Jukes: A study in crime, pauperism, and heredity. New York,
NY: G.P. Putnam’s and Sons/The Knickerbocker Press.
Durkheim, É. (1982). Rules for the explanation of social facts. In W.D. Halls (Trans.)
The rules of the sociological method. New York: The Free Press. (Oringinal
published in 1895). Available online at:
Farrington, D. P. (1995). The development of offending and antisocial behavior from
childhood: Key findings from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(6), 929-964.
Galton, F. (1909). Essays in eugenics. London, UK: Eugenics Education Society/
Goddard, H.H. (1914). Feeblemindedness: Its causes and consequences. New York,
NY: The Macmillan Company.
Glueck, S., & Glueck, E. (1956). Physique and delinquency. New York, NY: Harper
Gottfredson, M. & Hirschii, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Palo Alto, CA:
Stanford University Press.
Grasmick, H. G., & Bursik, R. J. (1990). Conscience, significant others, and rational
choice: Extending the deterrence model. Law and Society Review, 24, 837-861.
Hirschi, T. (1969). A control theory of delinquency. Berkeley, CA: University of
Jeffery, C.R. (1978). Criminology as an interdisciplinary behavioral science.
Criminology, 16, 147-169.
Kessler, S. & Moors, R. (1970). The XYY karyotype of criminality: A review.
Journal of Psychiatric Research, 7, 164.
Lombroso, C. (1863). Criminal man. Turin, Italy: Fratelli Bocca.
Merton, R.K. (1938). Social structure and anomie. American Sociological Review, 3,
Pratt, T.C., Cullen, F.T., Blevins, K.R., Daigle, L.E., & Madensen, T.D. (2006). The
empirical status of deterrence theory: A meta-analysis. In F.T. Cullen, J.P. Wright, &
K.R. Blevins (Eds.). Taking stock: The status of criminological theory. Piscataway,
NJ: Transaction Publishers/Rutgers University Press.
Quinney, R. (1977). Class, state, and crime. New York, NY: Longman.
Rowe, D.C., & Farrington, D.P. (2007). Biology and crime (2nd ed.) New York, NY:
Oxford University Press.
Shaw, C.R., & McKay, H.D. (1942). Juvenile delinquency in urban areas. Chicago, IL:
University of Chicago Press.
Sutherland, E.H. (1945). Is 'white collar crime' crime?" American Sociological Review,
10( 2), 132-39.
Sykes, G.M., & Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of neutralization: A theory of
delinquency. American Sociological Review, 22, 664-70.
Sykes, G.M. (1974). The rise of critical criminology. Journal of Criminal Law and
Criminology, 65(2), 206-13.
Tannenbaum, F. (1938). Crime and the community (The dramatization of evil). Boston,
MA: Ginn and Co.
Walsh, A. (2008). Biosocial criminology. London, UK: Routledge.
Wilson, J.Q. & Hernstein, R.J. (1985). Crime and human nature. New York: Simon
Wilson, J.Q., & Kelling, G.L. (1982, March). Broken windows: The police and
neighborhood safety. Atlantic Monthly, 29-38. Available online at:
Wolfgang, M.E. (1958). Patterns in criminal homicide. Montclair, NJ: Patterson Smith.